UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF LAW - OSMANIA UNIVERSITY

 
 
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FACULTY OF LAW, OSMANIA UNIVERSITY

SYLLABUS OF LL.B. (3YDC) THREE-YEAR DEGREE COURSE

WITH EFFECT FROM 2009-2010

 

LL.B. I SEMESTER

 

PAPER-I:  LAW OF CONTRACT–I           

 

Unit-I :     Definition and essentials of a valid Contract - Definition and essentials of a valid Offer - Definition and essentials of valid Acceptance - Communication of Offer and Acceptance - Revocation of Offer and Acceptance through various modes including electronic medium - Consideration - salient features - Exception to consideration - Doctrine of Privity of Contract - Exceptions to the privity of contract - Standard form of Contract.

Unit-II :Capacity of the parties - Effect of Minor's Agreement - Contracts with insane persons and persons disqualified by law - Concepts of Free Consent - Coercion - Undue influence - Misrepresentation - Fraud - Mistake - Lawful Object - Immoral agreements and various heads of public policy - illegal agreements - Uncertain agreements  - Wagering agreements - Contingent contracts - Void and Voidable contracts.

Unit-III:Discharge of Contracts - By performance - Appropriation of payments - Performance by joint promisors - Discharge by Novation - Remission - Accord and Satisfaction - Discharge by impossibility of performance (Doctrine of Frustration) - Discharge by Breach - Anticipatory Breach - Actual breach.

Unit-IV :      Quasi Contract - Necessaries supplied to a person who is incapable of entering into a contract - Payment by an interested person - Liability to pay for non-gratuitous acts -  Rights of finder of lost goods - Things delivered by mistake or coercion - Quantum meruit - Remedies for breach of contract - Kinds of damages - liquidated and unliquidated damages and penalty - Duty to mitigate.

Unit-V :Specific Relief - Recovering possession of property - Specific performance of the contract - Rectification of instruments - Rescission of contracts - Cancellation of instruments - Declaratory Decrees - Preventive Relief - Injunctions - Generally - Temporary and Perpetual injunctions - Mandatory & Prohibitory injunctions - Injunctions to perform negative agreement.

 

Suggested Readings:

    1. Anson: Law of Contract, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1998.

    2.  Krishnan Nair: Law of Contract , S.Gogia & Co., Hyderabad 1995.

    3.  G.C.V. Subba Rao: Law of Contract, S.Gogia & Co., Hyderabad 1995.

    4.   T.S.Venkatesa Iyer: Law of Contract, revised by Dr. Krishnama Chary,

          S. Gogia & Co.

     5.    Avtar Singh: Law of Contract , Eastern Book Company, Lucknow, 1998.

 

PAPER-II: FAMILY LAW–I (Hindu Law) 

 

Unit-I :  Sources of Hindu Law – Scope and application of Hindu Law – Schools of Hindu Law - Mitakshara and Dayabhaga Schools – Concept of Joint Family, Coparcenary, Joint Family Property and Coparcenary Property – Institution of Karta-  Powers and Functions of Karta - Pious Obligation - Partition – Debts and alienation of property.

Unit-II :Marriage - Definition - Importance of institution of marriage under Hindu Law – Conditions of Hindu Marriage – Ceremonies and Registration – Monogamy – Polygamy.

Unit-III: MatrimonialRemedies under the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 - Restitution of Conjugal Rights – Nullity of marriage – Judicial separation – Divorce – Maintenance pendente lite – importance of conciliation.

Unit-IV:Concept of Adoption - Law of Maintenance - Law of Guardianship -  Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act, 1956 – Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act 1956.

Unit-V :Succession – Intestate succession – Succession to the property of Hindu Male and Female; Dwelling House – Hindu Succession Act, 1956 as amended by the Hindu Succession (Andhra Pradesh Amendment) Act, 1986 & the Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act, 2005 – Notional Partition – Classes of heirs – Enlargement of limited estate of women into their absolute estate.

Suggested Readings:

    1.   Paras Diwan : Modern Hindu Law, 13th Edition 2000, Allahabad

         Agency, Delhi.

    2.   Paras Diwan : Family Law, 1994 Edition, Allahabad Agency, Delhi.

    3.   Mayne: Hindu Law - Customs and Usages , Bharat Law House, New

         Delhi.

  1.  Sharaf: Law of Marriage and Divorce , 1999.

 

PAPER-III: CONSTITUTIONAL LAW-I

 

Unit-I

 

Constitution-Meaning and Significance - Evolution of Modern Constitutions -Classification of Constitutions-Indian Constitution - Historical Perspectives - Government of India Act, 1919 - Government of India Act, 1935 - Drafting of Indian Constitution - Role of Drafting Committee of the Constituent Assembly

 

 Unit-II

 

Nature and Salient Features of Indian Constitution - Preamble to Indian Constitution - Union and its Territories-Citizenship - General Principles relating to Fundamental Rights(Art.13) - Definition of State

 

Unit-III

 

Right to Equality(Art.14-18) – Freedoms and Restrictions under Art.19 - Protection against Ex-post facto law - Guarantee against Double Jeopardy - Privilege against Self-incrimination - Right to Life and Personal Liberty - Right to Education – Protection against Arrest and Preventive Detention

 

Unit-IV

 

Rights against Exploitation - Right to Freedom of Religion - Cultural and Educational Rights - Right to Constitutional Remedies - Limitations on Fundamental Rights(Art.31-A,B and C)

 

Unit-V

 

Directive Principles of State Policy – Significance – Nature – Classification -  Application and Judicial Interpretation - Relationship between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles - Fundamental Duties – Significance - Judicial Interpretation

 

Suggested Readings:

1. M.P.Jain, Indian Constitutional Law, Wadhwa & Co, Nagpur

2. V.N.Shukla, Constitution of India, Eastern Book Compamy, Lucknow

3. Granville Austin, Indian Constitution-Cornerstone of a Nation, OUP, New Delhi

4. H.M.Seervai, Constitutional Law of India (in 3 Volumes), N.M.Tripathi, Bombay

5. G.C.V.Subba Rao, Indian Constitutional Law, S.Gogia & Co., Hyderabad

6. B.Shiva Rao: Framing of India’s Constitution (in 5 Volumes), Indian Institute of

                          Public Administration, New Delhi

7. J.N.Pandey, Constitutional Law of India, Central Law Agency, Allahabad

 

 

 

PAPER-IV: LAW OF TORTS INCLUDING MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENTS

                      AND CONSUMER PROTECTION LAWS                                                                                                  

Unit-I :   Nature of Law of Torts - Definition of Tort - Elements of Tort - Development of Law of Torts in England and India - Wrongful Act and Legal Damage - Damnum Sine Injuria andInjuria Sine Damnum - Tort distinguished from Crime and Breach of Contract - General Principles of Liability in Torts - Fault - Wrongful intent - Malice - Negligence - Liability without fault - Statutory liability - Parties to proceedings.

Unit-II   General Defences to an action in Torts – Vicarious Liability - Liability of the State for Torts – Defence of Sovereign Immunity – Joint Liability – Liability of Joint Torfeasors – Rule of Strict Liability (Rylands V Fletcher) – Rule of Absolute Liability (MC Mehta vs. Union of India) – Occupiers liability – Extinction of liability – Waiver and Acquiescence – Release – Accord and Satisfaction - Death.

Unit-III  Specific Torts - Torts affecting the person - Assault - Battery - False Imprisonment - Malicious Prosecution - Nervous Shock - Torts affecting Immovable Property - Trespass to land - Nuisance - Public Nuisance and Private Nuisance - Torts relating to movable property – Liability arising out of accidents (Relevant provisions of the Motor Vehicles Act).

Unit-IV  Defamation - Negligence - Torts against Business Relations - Injurious falsehood - Negligent Misstatement - Passing off -   Conspiracy - Torts affecting family relations - Remedies -  Judicial and Extra-judicial Remedies – Damags – Kinds of Damages – Assessment of Damages – Remoteness of damage - Injunctions - Death in relation to tort - Actio personalis moritur cum persona.

Unit-V    Consumer Laws: Common Law and the Consumer - Duty to take care and liability for negligence - Product Liability - Consumerism - Consumer Protection Act, 1986 - Salient features of the Act  -  Definition of Consumer - Rights of Consumers - Defects in goods and deficiency in services – Unfair trade practices-  Redressal Machinery under the Consumer Protection Act - Liability of the Service Providers, Manufacturers and Traders under the Act – Remedies.

Suggested Readings:

    1.  Winfield & Jolowicz : Law of Tort, XII edition, Sweet and Maxwell, London , 1984.

    2.  Salmond and Heuston : Law of Torts, XX edition, 2nd Indian reprint, Universal Book traders, New Delhi,1994.

    3.  Ramaswamy Iyer: The Law of Torts, VII edition (Bombay, 1995).

    4.  Achutan Pillai: Law of Tort, VIII edition , Eastern Book Company, Luncknow, 1987.

    5.  Durga Das Basu: The Law of Torts ,X edition, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 1998.

    6.   Ratan Lal & Dhirajlal: The Law of Torts, 22nd edition, Wadhwa & Company Nagpur, 1992.

    7.  R.K.Bangia: Law of Torts, XIV edition, Allahabad Law Agency, Allahabad, 1999.

    8.  J.N.Pandey: Law of Torts, 1st edition Central Law Publications, Allahabad, 1999.

    9.   Vivienne Harpwood: Law of Torts, 1st edition, Cavandish Publishing Ltd. London, 1993.

    10.Hepple & Mathews: Tort - Cases and Materials , 2nd edition   

          Butterworth, London, 1980.

  1.  D.N.Saraf: Law of Consumer Protection in India, Tripathi, Bombay
  2.  The Motor Vehicles Act, 1988

 

PAPER–V: ENVIRONMENTAL LAW

Unit-I     The meaning and definition of environment – Ecology - Ecosystems-Biosphere - Biomes - Ozone depletion - Global Warning - Climatic changes - Need for the preservation, conservation and protection of environment - Ancient Indian approach to environment- Environmental degradation and pollution - Kinds, causes and effects of pollution.

Unit-II   Common Law remedies against pollution - trespass, negligence, and theories of Strict Liability & Absolute Liability - Relevant provisions of I.P.C. and Cr.P.C. and C.P.C., for the abatement of public nuisance in pollution cases - Remedies under Specific Relief Act - Reliefs against smoke and noise - Noise Pollution.

Unit-III  The law relating to the preservation, conservation and protection of forests, wild life and endangered species, marine life, coastal ecosystems and lakes etc. - Prevention of cruelty towards animals - The law relating to prevention and control of water pollution - Air Pollution - Environment pollution control mechanism - Law relating to environment protection – National Environmental Tribunal and National Environmental Appellate Authority.

Unit-IV: Art. 48A and Art. 51A(g) of the Constitution of India - Right to wholesome environment - Right to development -  Restriction on freedom of trade, profession, occupation for the protection of environment - Immunity of Environment legislation from judicial scrutiny(Art.31C) - Legislative powers of the Centre and State Government -  Writ jurisdiction - Role of Indian Judiciary in the evolution of environmental jurisprudence.

Unit-V    International Environmental Regime - Transactional Pollution ­- State Liability - Customary International Law - Liability of Multinational Corporations/Companies - Stockholm Declaration on Human Environment, 1972 - The role of UNEP for the protection of environment - Ramsar Convention 1971 – Bonn Convention (Migratory Birds) 1992 -  Nairobi Convention, 1982 (CFCC) - Biodiversity Convention (Earth Summit), 1992 -  Kyoto Protocol 1997, Johannesburg Convention 2002.

Suggested Readings:

    1.   Paras Diwan: Studies on Environmental Cases.

     2.   S.N. Jain (ed.): Pollution Control and the Law.

     3.   Armin Rosencranzand Shyam Divan: Environmental Law and Policy in India.

     4.   A.Agarwal (ed.): Legal Control of Environmental Pollution

     5.   Chetan Singh Mehta: Environmental Protection and Law

     6.   V.K. Krishna Iyer: Environment Pollution and Law

     7.   Shah : Environmental Law

     8.   Paras Diwan : Environmental Law and  Policy in India,1991

     9.   Dr. N. Maheshwara Swamy, Environmental Law, Asia Law House, Hyderabad.

 

LL.B. II SEMESTER

 

PAPER – I: LAW OF CONTRACT–II                                            

 

Unit-I :     Indemnity and Guarantee - Contract of Indemnity, definition - Rights of Indemnity holder - Liability of the indemnified - Contract of Guarantee - Definition of Guarantee - Essential characteristics of Contract of Guarantee - Distinction between Indemnity and Guarantee - Kinds of Guarantee - Rights and liabilities of Surety - Discharge of surety. Contract of Bailment - Definition of bailment - Essential requisites of bailment - Kinds of bailment - Rights and duties of bailor and bailee - Termination of bailment - Pledge - Definition of pledge - Rights and duties of Pawnor and Pawnee - Pledge by non-owner.

Unit-II:     Contract of Agency - Definition of Agent - Creation of Agency - Rights and duties of Agent - Delegation of authority - Personal liability of agent - Relations of principal and agent with third parties - Termination of Agency.

Unit-III:   Contract of Sale of Goods - Formation of contract - Subject matter of sale - Conditions and Warranties - Express and implied conditions and warranties - Pricing - Caveat Emptor.

Unit-IV :  Property - Possession and Rules relating to passing of property - Sale by non-owner - Nemo dat quad non habet - Delivery of goods - Rights and duties of seller and buyer before and after sale - Rights of unpaid seller - Remedies for breach.

Unit-V :    Contract of Partnership - Definition and nature of partnership - Formation of partnership- Test of partnership - Partnership and other associations - Registration of firm - Effect of non-registration - Relations of partners - Rights and duties of partners - Property of firm - Relation of partners to third parties - Implied authority of partners - Kinds of partners - Minor as partner - Reconstitution of firm - Dissolution of firm.

Suggested Readings:

     1.     Anson's Law of Contract, 25th Ed. 1998, Oxford University Press, London.

     2.     Venkatesh Iyyer: The Law of Contracts and Tenders, Gogia & Company Hyderabad.

     3.     Cheshire & Fifoot: Law of Contract, Butterworth, London, 1976.

     4.     Mulla: The Indian Contract Act, N.M.Tripathi (P) Ltd. Bombay, 1984.

     5.     G.C.V. Subba Rao: Law of Contracts, S. Gogia & Co., Hyderabad, 1995.

     6.     Krishnan Nair: Law of Contracts, S. Gogia & Co. Hyderabad, 1995.

     7.     Avtar Singh: Law of Contracts, Eastern Book Company, Lucknow, 1998.

     8.     A Ramaiah's Saleof Goods Act, 4th Ed. 1998, The Law Book Co., Allahabad.

     9.     Benjamin's Saleof Goods, 1st Ed. 1978, Sweet & Maxwell, London.

     10.   P.S.Atiyah: Saleof Goods Act, 9th Ed. 1997, Universal Book Traders, Delhi.

     11.   Chales D.Drale: Law of Partnership 3rd Ed. 1983, Sweet & Maxwell, London.

     12.   Bowstead On Agency, 15th Ed. 1985, Sweet and Maxwell, London.

 

PAPER – II:   FAMILY LAW-II       (Muslim Law and Other Personal Laws)

 

Unit-I :     Origin and development of Muslim Law - Sources of Muslim Law - Schools of Muslim Law - Difference between the Sunni and Shia Schools – Sub-schools of Sunni Law - Operation and application of Muslim Law - Conversion to Islam - Effects of conversion - Law of Marriage, nature of Muslim Marriage - Essential requirements of valid Marriage - Kinds of Marriages -  distinction between void, irregular and valid marriage - Dower (Mahr) -  Origin, nature and importance of dower, object of dower and classification of dower.

Unit-II:     Divorce - Classification of divorce - different modes of Talaq - Legal consequences of divorce - Dissolution of Muslim Marriage Act, 1939 -  Maintenance, Principles of maintenance, Persons entitled to maintenance -  The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act, 1986 - Effect of conversion on maintenance and difference between Shia and Sunni Law.   

Unit-III:   Parentage - Maternity and Paternity - Legitimacy and acknowledgment - Guardianship - Meaning - Kinds of guardianship - Removal of guardian - Difference between  Shia and Sunni Law. Gift - Definition of Gift - Requisites of valid gift - Gift formalities - Revocation of gift - Kinds of gift. Wills - Meaning of Will - Requisites of valid Will - Revocation of Will - Distinction between Will and Gift - Difference between Shia and Sunni Law.

Unit-IV :  Waqf _ Definition - Essentials of Waqf - Kinds of Waqf – Creation of  Waqf -  - Revocation of Waqf - Salient features of the Waqf Act, 1995 – Mutawalli -  Who can be Mutawalli - Powers and duties of Mutawalli - Removal of Mutawalli and Management of Waqf property. Succession - Application of the property of a deceased Muslim - Legal position of heirs as representatives - Administration - Waqf Tribunals and Jurisdiction.

Unit-V :    Special Marriage Act, 1954 - Salient features of Indian Divorce Act, 1869 - Domicile - Maintenance to dependents/ Spouses - Intestate succession of Christians under the Indian  Succession  Act, 1925.

Suggested Readings:

     1.   Tahir Mahmood: The Muslim Law of India, 1980, Law Book Company,

          Allahabad.

    2.   Aquil Ahmed: Text Book of Mohammadan Law, 5th Edition 1992, Central Law Agency, Allahabad.

    3.   Prof. G.C.V. Subba Rao: Family Law in India, 6th Edition, 1993, S.Gogia & Company, Hyderabad.

    4.   Asaf A.A.Fyzee: Outlines of Mohammadan Law, 4th Edition, 1999, Oxford University Press, Delhi.

    5.   Mulla: Principles of Mohammedan Law.

    6.   Paras Divan: Family Law (Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Parsi and Others), Allahabad Law Agency, Allahabad.

    7.   M.A. Qureshi: Text Book on Muslim Law, 1st Edition, 1997, Central Law Publications, Allahabad.

    8.   Hidyatullah :Mulla Principles of Mohammadan Law, 19th Edition, 1993,  4th reprint N.M. Tripati Pvt. Ltd., Bombay

    9.   Tandon M.P.: Muslim Law in India, 10th Edition, 1996, Allahabad Law Agency, Allahabad.

     10.   Prasad V.: The Indian Succession Act, 1982, Allahabad Law Agency, Allahabad

 

 

 

 

 

 

PAPER-III:CONSTITUTIONAL LAW-II

 

Unit-I

 

Legislature under Indian Constitution - Union and State Legislatures - Composition, Powers, Functions and Privileges - Anti-Defection Law - Executive under Indian Constitution - President and Union Council of Ministers - Governor and State Council of Ministers - Powers and position of President and Governor

 

Unit-II

Judiciary under Constitution - Supreme Court - Appointment of Judges, Powers and Jurisdiction - High Courts - Appointment  and Transfer of Judges - Powers and Jurisdiction - Subordinate Judiciary -  Independence of judiciary - Judicial Accountability

 

Unit-III

 

CentreStateRelations - Legislative, Administrative and Financial Relations - Cooperation and Coordination between the Centre and States - Judicial Interpretation of Centre-State Relations - Doctrines evolved by Judiciary

 

Unit-IV

 

Liability of State in Torts and Contracts - Freedom of Interstate Trade, Commerce and Inter course - Services under the State - All India Services - Public Service Commissions

 

Unit-V

 

Emergency – Need of Emergency Powers - Different kinds of Emergency - National, State and Financial emergency - Impact of Emergency on Federalism and Fundamental Rights - Amendment of Indian Constitution and Basic Structure Theory

 

Suggested Readings:

1. M.P.Jain, Indian Constitutional Law, Wadhwa & Co, Nagpur

2. V.N.Shukla, Constitution of India, Eastern Book Company, Lucknow

3. Granville Austin, Indian Constitution-Cornerstone of a Nation, OUP, New Delhi

4. H.M.Seervai, Constitutional Law of India (in 3 Volumes), N.M.Tripathi, Bombay

5. G.C.V.Subba Rao, Indian Constitutional Law, S.Gogia & Co., Hyderabad

6. B.Shiva Rao, Framing of India’s Constitution (in 5 Volumes), Indian Institute of

                          Public Administration, New Delhi

7. J.N.Pandey, Constitutional Law of India, Central Law Agency, Allahabad

 

PAPER – IV:  LAW OF CRIMES    

Unit-I: Concept of crime - Definition and meaning of crime - Distinction between              crime and tort - Stages of crime - Intention, Preparation, Attempt and Commission of Crime - Elements of Crime - Actus Reus and Mensrea - Codification of Law of Crimes in India - Application of the Indian Penal Code - Territorial and Extra Territorial application -  General Explanations - Punishments.

Unit-II:General exceptions - Abetment - Criminal Conspiracy - Offences against the         State - Offences against public peace and Tranquility.

Unit-III:   Offences affecting human body (offences affecting human life) Culpable Homicide and Murder – Hurt and Grievous Hurt - Wrongful restraint and Wrongful confinement - Criminal force and Assault - Kidnapping and abduction - Sexual offences - Unnatural offences.

Unit-IV:   Offences affecting the public health, safety, convenience, decency and morals - Offences against Property - Theft - Extortion - Robbery & Dacoity - Cheating - Mischief - Criminal Trespass – Criminal misappropriation and Criminal breach of trust.

Unit-V :    Offences by or relating to public servants - False Evidence and Offences against Public Justice - Offences relating to documents - Offences relating to Marriage - Cruelty by husband and relatives of husband - Defamation.

Suggested Readings:

     1.     Ratan Lal and Dhiraj Lal: Indian Penal Code, Wadhwa & Co., 2000.

     2.     Achutan Pillai: Criminal Law, Butterworth Co., 2000.

     3.     Gour K.D.: Criminal Law - Cases and Materials, Butterworth Co., 1999.

     4.     Kenny's: Outlines of Criminal Law, (1998 Edition)

 

PAPER-V:      LAW OF EVIDENCE

    

Unit-I:      The Indian Evidence Act, 1872 — Salient features of the Act – Meaning and kinds of Evidence —Interpretation clause — May Presume, Shall presume and Conclusive proof - Fact, Fact in issue and Relevant facts —Distinction between Relevancy and Admissibility - Doctrine of Res Gestae — Motive, preparation and conduct — Conspiracy —When Facts not otherwise relevant become relevant — Right and custom — Facts showing the state of mind etc.

Unit-II :    Admissions & Confessions: General Principles concerning Admissions — Differences between "Admission" and "Confession" — Confessions obtained by inducement , threat or promise – Confessions made to police officer - Statement made in the custody of a police officer leading to the discovery of incriminating material — Admissibility of Confessions made by one accused person against co-accused.

                 Dying Declarations and their evidentiary value — Other Statements by persons who cannot be called as Witnesses — Admissibility of evidence of witnesses in previous judicial proceedings in subsequent judicial proceedings.

Unit-III : Relevancy of Judgments — Opinion of witnesses — Expert's opinion — Opinion on Relationship especially proof of marriage — Facts which need not be proved — Oral and Documentary Evidence -  General Principles concerning oral evidence and documentary evidence — Primary and Secondary evidence — Modes of proof of execution of documents — Presumptions as to documents — General Principles regarding Exclusion of Oral by Documentary Evidence.

Unit-IV: Rules relating to Burden of Proof - Presumption as to Dowry Death — Estoppel — Kinds of estoppel — Res Judicata, Waiver and Presumption.

Unit-V :    Competency to testify — Privileged communications -  Testimony of Accomplice — Examination in Chief, Cross examination and Re-examination — Leading questions — Lawful questions in cross examination — Compulsion to answer questions put to witness — Hostile witness — Impeaching the credit of witness — Refreshing memory — Questions of corroboration — Improper admission and rejection of evidence.

Suggested Readings:

     1.     Batuk Lal: The Law of Evidence, 13th Edition, Central Law Agency, Allahabad,

                               1998.

     2.     M. Munir: Principles and Digest of the Law of Evidence, 10th Edition (in 2 vols),                                                 Universal Book Agency, Allahabad, 1994.

     3.     Vepa P. Saradhi: Law of Evidence 4th Edn. Eastern Book Co., Lucknow, 1989.

     4.     Avtar Singh: Principles of the Law of Evidence, 11th Edn. Central Law

                                 Publications.

     5.     V. Krishnama Chary: The Law of Evidence, 4th Edn. S.Gogia & Company,

                                                Hyderabad.

 

LLB III SEMESTER

 

PAPER-I: JURISPRUDENCE

Unit-I:      Meaning and Definition of Jurisprudence — General and Particular Jurisprudence - Elements of Ancient Indian Jurisprudence — Schools of Jurisprudence —­ Analytical, Historical, Philosophical and Sociological Schools of Jurisprudence. Theories of Law — Meaning and Definition of Law — The Nature and Function of Law — The Purpose of Law — The Classification of Law — Equity, Law and Justice — Theory of Sovereignty.

Unit-II :    Sources of Law — Legal and Historical Sources — Legislation - Definition of legislation - Classification of legislation- Supreme and Subordinate Legislation - Direct and Indirect Legislation - Principles of Statutory Interpretation. Precedent — Definition of Precedent — Kinds of Precedent — Stare Decisis — Original and Declaratory Precedents — Authoritative and Persuasive Precedents. Custom – Definition of Custom – Kinds of Custom – General and Local Custom – Custom and Prescription -  Requisites of a valid custom -   Relative merits and demerits of Legislation , Precedent  and Custom as a source of Law . Codification — Advantages and disadvantages of codification.

Unit-III:   Persons — Nature of personality — Legal Status of Lower Animals, Dead Persons and Unborn persons — Legal Persons — Corporations — Purpose of Incorporation — Nature of Corporate Personality

                 Rights and Duties — Definition of Right — Classification of Rights and Duties — Absolute and Relative Rights and Duties — Rights and Cognate concepts like Liberty, Power, Immunity, Privilege etc.

Unit-IV :  Obligation — Nature of Obligation — Obligation arising out of Contract, Quasi Contract, trust and breach of obligation etc. — Liability — Nature and kinds of liability — Acts — Mens Rea — Intention and Motive — Relevance of Motive — Negligence — Strict Liability — Accident — Vicarious Liability — Measure of Civil and Criminal Liability.

Unit-V:     Ownership — Definition and kinds of Ownership - Possession — Elements of Possession - Relation between Ownership and Possession — Possessory Remedies — Property — Meaning — Kinds of Property — Modes of Acquisition of Property — Legal Sanctions - Meaning of Sanction — Classification of Sanctions — Civil and Criminal Justice — Concept of Justice — Theories regarding purpose of Criminal Justice — Deterrent, Preventive, Reformative and Retributive theories.

Suggested Readings:

     1.     Salmond: Jurisprudence, Universal Publishers 12th Edn. 1966.

     2.     Paton : Jurisprudence

     3.     Allen : Law in the Making, Universal Publishers 7th Edn. 2001.

     4.     Mahajan V.D.: Legal Theory and Jurisprudence, Eastern Book Company, Lucknow, 5th Edn. 1977.

     5.     Dias : Jurisprudence, Aditya Books, 5th Edn. 1985.

     6.     Rama Jois, Legal and Constitutional History of India, Universal Law Publications, Delhi.

 

PAPER-II: LAW OF PROPERTY

Unit-I: Meaningand concept of property — Kinds of property — Transfer of property — Transferable and non-transferable property — Who can transfer — Operation of transfer — Mode of transfer — Conditional transfer — Void and unlawful conditions — Condition precedent and condition subsequent — Vested and contingent interest — Transfer to unborn person

Unit-II:     Doctrine of Election — Covenants — Transfer by ostensible owner — Doctrine of Feeding the Grant by Estoppel — Doctrine of Lis Pendens — Fraudulent Transfer — Doctrine of Part-performance.

Unit-III:   Sale-  Essential features — Mode of Sale — Rights and liabilities of parties. Mortgage - Kinds of Mortgages - Rights and liabilities of mortgagor and mortgagee — Marshalling and Contribution — Charges.

Unit-IV:   Lease — Essential features — Kinds of leases — Rights and liabilities of lessor and lessee — Termination of lease — forfeiture — Exchange — Gifts — Different types of gifts — Registration of Gifts — Transfer of Actionable Claims.

Unit-V:     Easements — Definition of easement — Distinction between Lease and License — Dominant and Servient Tenements. Acquisition of property through testamentary succession — Will — Codicil — Capacity to execute Will — Nature of bequests — Executors of Will — Rights and Obligations of Legatees.

Suggested Readings:

     1.     Mulla : Transfer of Property, Butterworths Publications.

     2.     Subba Rao GCV: Commentaries on the Transfer of Property Act.

     3.     Krishna Menon: Law of Property.

     4.     Upadhya's Common Matrix of Transfer of Property.

 

PAPER-III:     ADMINISTRATIVE LAW               

Unit-I:      Nature and scope of Administrative Law — Meaning, Definition and Evolution of Administrative Law—Reasons for the growth of Administrative Law — Relationship between Administrative Law and Constitutional Law.

Unit-II:     Basic concepts of Administrative Law — Rule of Law — Interpretation of Dicey's Principle of Rule of Law — Modern trends - Theory of Separation of Powers — Position in India, UK and USA

Unit-III:   Classification of Administrative functions — Legislative, Quasi-judicial, Administrative and Ministerial functions — Delegated Legislation — Meaning, Reasons for the growth and Classification of delegated legislation— Judicial and Legislative Control of Delegated litigation.

Unit-IV:   Judicial Control of Administrative Action - Grounds of Judicial Control — Principles of Natural Justice — Administrative discretion and its control.

Unit-V:     Remedies available against the State — Writs — Lokpal and Lok Ayukta — Liability of the State in Torts and Contracts — Rule of Promissory Estoppel —Administrative Tribunals - Commissions of Inquiry — Public Corporations.

Suggested Readings:

     1.     Griffith and Street: Principles of Administrative Law.

     2.     H.W.R.Wade: Administrative Law, Oxford Publications, 8th Edn. 2000, London.

     3.     De Smith: Judicial Review of Administrative Action, Sweet and Maxwell, 1998.

     4.     S.P. Sathe: Administrative Law, Butterworths, 6th Edn. 1998.

     5.     I.P.Massey: Administrative Law, Eastern Book Company, 5th Edn. 2001.

 

PAPER-IV:     Company Law     

Unit-I:      Definition and attributes of Company — Distinction between Partnership Firm and Company — Kinds of Companies including Multinational Companies — Advantages and Disadvantages of Incorporation — Consequences of non-compliance of the provisions of the Companies Act in matters of incorporation.

Unit-II:     Promoters and Registration — Pre-incorporation contracts — Memorandum of Association — Articles of Association.

Unit-III:   Prospectus — Members — Shareholders — Share Capital — Shares and Dividends — Debentures — Directors — Powers and Liabilities of Directors.

Unit-IV:   Director, Manager and Secretary — Meetings — Majority powers and minority rights — Prevention of Oppression and Mismanagement

Unit-V:     Modes of winding up of companies — Consequences of winding up — Functions of Official Liquidator.

Suggested Readings:

     1.     Shah : Lectures on Company Law, N.M.Tripathi, Bombay.

     2.     Avtar Sing : Company Law, Eastern Book Company, 13th Edn. 2001.

     3.     Charlesworth: Company Law, Sweet and Maxwell, 1996.

     4.     Ramaiah: Company Law, Wadhwa & Co. 15th Edn. 2001.

     5.     Dutta: Company Law, Eastern Law House, Calcutta

 

 

 

 

PAPER-V:LABOUR LAW –I

Unit-I

Trade Unions: History of Trade Union Movement -  The Trade Union Act 1926 – Definitions -  Registration – Rights and Liabilities of Registered Trade Unions – Immunities – Amalgamation and dissolution of Unions – Reorganization of Trade Unions.

Unit-II

Prevention and Settlement of Industrial Disputes in India -  The role of State in Industrial Relations – The Industrial Disputes Act 1947 -  Definition of industry - Industrial Dispute – Individual Dispute - workman- Lay off – Retrenchment - Closure -Award - Strike Lockout

Unit-III

 Authorities under the IDAct – Works committee – Conciliation -  Court of inquiry -   Labour Courts- Tribunal – Powers and functions of authorities - Voluntary Arbitration - Provisions under Chapter V-A & V- B of the Act- Alteration of conditions of service – Management rights of action during pendency of proceedings – Recovery of money due from employer – Unfair labour practices - miscellaneous provisions of the Act.

Unit-IV

Standing Orders -    Concept and Nature of Standing Orders – scope and coverage- Certification process – its operation and binding effect – Modification and Temporary application of Model Standing Orders – Interpretation and enforcement of Standing Orders and provisions contained in the Industrial Employment ( Standing Orders ) Act 1946.

Unit-V

Disciplinary Proceedings in Industries - Charge sheet – Explanation – Domestic enquiry - Enquiry officer – Enquiry report – Punishment – Principles of Natural Justice. 

Suggested Readings: 

 1.  Srivastava: Law of Trade Unions , Eastern Book Company, Lucknow

2. .Goswami  :  Labour and Industrial Law,  Central Law Agency.

 3.  R.F. Rustomji :  Law of Industrial Disputes   :  Asia Publishing House, Mumbai 

 4. S.N. Misra :  Labour and Industrial Law

5.  J.N. Malik : Trade Union Law

6.  Khan&  Khan :  Labour Law , Asia Law House, Hyderabad

7.  S.C. Srivastava   :  Industrial Relations and Labour Law, Vikas Publishing House

 

 

 

 

 

LL.B. IV SEMESTER

 

PAPER-I: LABOUR LAW-II

Unit-I

The Remunerative Aspects – Wages – Concepts of wages - Minimum, Fair, Living Wages - Wage and Industrial Policies - Whitley Commission Recommendations -Provisions of Payment of Wages Act 1936 - Timely payment of wages - Authorised deductions – Claims - Minimum Wages Act 1948 -  Definitions - Types of wages -Minimum rates of wages - Procedure for fixing and revising Minimum Wages – Claims -Remedy.

 

Unit-II

Bonus – concept - Right to claim Bonus – Full Bench formula -  Bonus Commission - Payment of Bonus Act 1965 - Application – Computation of gross profit, available, allocable surplus - Eligibility of Bonus - Disqualification of Bonus - set on – set off of allocable surplus- Minimum and Maximum Bonus-Recovery of Bonus.

 

Unit-III

Employees Security and Welfare aspect - Social Security - Concept and meaning - Social Insurance - Social Assistance Schemes. Social Security Legislations - Law relating to workmen’s compensation - The Workmen’s Compensation Act 1923 – Definitions -Employer’s liability for compensation - Nexus between injury and employment - payment of compensation - penalty for default - Employees State Insurance Act 1948 – Application - Benefits under the Act - Adjudication of disputes and claims – ESI Corporation.

 

Unit-IV

Employees Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act 1952 – Contributions -Schemes under the Act - Benefits. The Maternity Benefit Act 1961 - Definitions-Application - Benefits. The Payment of Gratuity Act 1972 – Definitions – application - Payment of gratuity - eligibility – forfeiture – Nomination - Controlling authorities.

 

Unit-V

The Factories Act 1948 - Chapters dealing with Health, Safety and Welfare of Labour.

Child Labour - Rights of child and the Indian Constitution - Salient features of the Child Labour(Prohibition and Regulation) Act 1986.

 

Suggested Readings

 

1. S.N.Misra,  Labour and Industrial Laws, Central law publication-22nd edition. 2006.

2. N.G. Goswami,  Labour and Industrial Laws,  Central Law Agency.

3. Khan & Kahan,  Labour Law-Asia Law house, Hyderabad

4. K.D. Srivastava, Payment of Bonus Act, Eastern Book Company

5. K.D. Srivastava, Payment of Wages Act

6. K.D. Srivastava, Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act 1947

7. S.C.Srivastava, Treatise on Social Security

8. Jidwitesukumar  Singh, Labour Economics, Deep& Deep, New Delhi

9. V.J.Rao, Factories Law

 

 

PAPER-II: PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW                                                                                                                  

Unit-I:      Definition, Nature, Scope and Importance of International Law — Relation of International Law to Municipal Law — Sources of International Law — Codification.

Unit-II:     State Recognition — State Succession — Responsibility of States for International delinquencies — State Territory — Modes of acquiring State Territory

Unit-III:   Position of Individual in International Law — Nationality — Extradition — Asylum — Privileges and Immunities of Diplomatic Envoys —  Treaties – Formation of Treaties - Modes of Consent, Reservation and termination.

Unit-IV: The Legal Regime of the Seas – Evolution of the Law of the Sea – Freedoms of  the High Seas – Common Heritage of Mankind – United Nations Convention on the Law of the Seas – Legal Regime of Airspace – Important Conventions relating to Airspace – Paris, Havana, Warsaw and Chicago Conventions – Five Freedoms of Air – Legal Regime of Outer space – Important Conventions such as Outer space Treaty, Agreement on Rescue and Return of Astronauts, Liability Convention, Agreement on Registration of Space objects, Moon Treaty  - Unispace.

Unit-V:     International Organizations — League of Nations and United Nations — International Court of Justice —International Criminal Court -  Specialized agencies of the UN — WHO, UNESCO, ILO, IMF and WTO.

 

Suggested Readings:

     1.     J.G. Starke: Introduction to International Law, Aditya Books, 10th Edition, 1989.

     2.     J.I. Brierly: The Law of Nations, Oxford Publishers, London.

     3.     Ian Brownlie: Principles of Public International Law, Oxford Publishers,

             London.

     4.     S.K. Kapoor, Public International Law, Central Law Agencies, Allahabad.

     5.     H.O. Agarwal, International Law and Human Rights, Central Law Publications,

            Allahabad.

     6.     S.K. Verma, An Introduction to Public International Law, Prentice Hall of India.

 

 

PAPER-III:     interpretation of statutes  

Unit-I:      Meaning and Definition of Statutes — Classification of Statues — Meaning and Definition of Interpretation — General Principles of Interpretation — Rules of Construction under the General Clauses Act, 1897.

Unit-II:     Grammatical Rule of Interpretation — Golden Rule of Interpretation – Rule of Interpretation to avoid mischief.

Unit-III:   Interpretation of Penal Statutes and Statutes of Taxation — Beneficial Construction — Construction to avoid conflict with other provisions — Doctrine of Harmonious Construction.

Unit-IV:   External Aids to Interpretation — Statement of objects of legislation, Legislative debates, identification of purpose sought to be achieved through legislation — Internal Aids to Interpretation — Preamble, title, interpretation clause, marginal notes, explanations etc. — Presumptions.

Unit-V:     Effect of Repeal — Effect of amendments to statutes — Conflict between parent legislation and subordinate legislation — Methods of interpreting substantive and procedural laws.

Suggested Readings:

     1.     Vepa P. Sarathi: Interpretation of Statutes, Eastern Book Co, 4th Edition, 1976.

     2.     Maxwell: Interpretation of Statutes, Butterworths Publications, 1976, 12th

             Edition.

     3.     Crawford: Interpretation of Statutes, Universal Publishers.

     4      Chatterjee: Interpretation of Statutes.

     5.     G.P. Singh: Principles of Statutory Interpretation, Wadhwa and Company, 8th 

            Ed., 2001.

     6.   Cross, Statutory Interpretation

 

PAPER-IV: land laws

    

Unit-I:      Classification of lands — Ownership of Land — Absolute and limited ownership (tenancy, lease etc.) — Doctrine of Eminent Domain — Doctrine of Escheat - Doctrine of Bona Vacantia — Maintenance of land records and issue of Pattas and Title Deeds etc.

Unit-II:     Law Reforms before and after independence — Zamindari Settlement — Ryotwari Settlement — Mahalwari System — Intermediaries — Constitutional Provisions — Abolition of Zamindaries, Jagirs and Inams — Tenancy Laws — Conferment of ownership on tenants/Ryots.

Unit-III:   Laws relating to acquisition of property — Land Acquisition Act of 1894 (Issue of notifications, Award enquiry, Payment of compensation & Reference to civil courts etc.) The Land Acquisition and Requisition Act.

Unit-IV:   Laws relating to Ceiling on Land Holdings — A.P. Land Reforms (Ceiling on Agricultural Holdings) Act, 1973 — Effect of inclusion in the IX Schedule of the Constitution — Interpretation of Directive Principles of State Policy —  The Urban Land (Ceiling on Holdings) Act, 1976.

Unit-V:     Laws relating to alienation — A.P. Scheduled Areas Land Transfer Regulation 1959 — A.P. Assigned Lands (Prohibition of Transfers) Act, 1977-Resumption of Lands to the Transferor/Government - A.P. Land Grabbing (Prohibition) Act.

 

Suggested Readings:

     1.    P. Rama Reddi and P. Srinivasa Reddy : Land Reform Laws in A.P., Asia Law House. 5th Ed. Hyderabad.

     2.    P.S. Narayana: Manual of Revenue Laws in A.P., Gogia Law Agency, 6th Ed. 1999, Hyderabad.

     3.    Land Grabbing Laws in A.P., Asia Law House, 3rd Ed. 2001, Hyderabad.

     4.    G.B. Reddy: Land Laws in A.P.,  Gogia Law Agency, Hyderabad, 1st Edition, 2001.

 

PAPER-V:Intellectual property law   

 

Unit-I:      Meaning, Nature, Classification and protection of Intellectual Property — The main forms of Intellectual Property — Copyright, Trademarks, Patents, Designs (Industrial and Layout) -- Geographical Indications - Plant Varieties Protection and Biotechnology.

 

Unit-II:     Introduction to the leading International instruments concerning Intellectual Property Rights — The Berne Convention — Universal Copyright Convention — The Paris Union — Patent Co-operation Treaty -- The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and the UNEESCO, International Trade Agreements concerning IPR — WTO — TRIPS.

Unit-III :  Select aspects of the Law of Copyright in India — The Copy Right Act, 1957 -  Historical evolution — Meaning of copyright — Copyright in literary, dramatic and musical works, computer programmes and cinematograph films — Neighbouring rights — Rights of performers and broadcasters, etc. — Ownership and Assignment of copyright — Author's special rights — Notion of infringement — Criteria of infringement — Infringement of copyright in films, literary and dramatic works — Authorities under the Act — Remedies for infringement of copyright.

Unit-IV:   Intellectual Property in Trademarks and the rationale of their protection -  The Trade Marks Act, 1999 — Definition of Trademarks — Distinction between Trademark and Property Mark -  Registration — Passing off —Infringement of Trademark — Criteria of Infringement — Remedies. The Designs Act, 2000 — Definition and characteristics of Design — Law in India — Protection and rights of design holders — Copyright in design — Registration — Remedies for infringement.

Unit-V:     Patents — Concept of Patent — Historical overview of the Patents Law in India — Patentable Inventions — Kinds of Patents — Procedure for obtaining patent — The Patents Act, 1970 — Rights and obligations of a patentee — Term of patent protection — Use and exercise of rights — Exclusive Marketing Rights — Right to Secrecy — The notion of ‘abuse’ of patent rights — Infringement of patent rights and remedies available.

 

Suggested Readings:

     1.     P. Narayanan:  Patent Law, Eastern Law House, 1995.

     2.     Roy Chowdhary, S.K. & Other: Law of Trademark, Copyrights, Patents and

                                                                Designs,Kamal Law House, 1999.

     3.     Dr. G.B. Reddy, Intellectual Property Rights and the Law 5th Ed. 2005 Gogia

                                       Law Agency.

     4.     John Holyoak and Paul Torremans: Intellectual Property Law.

     5.     B.L. Wadhera: Intellectual Property Law, Universal Publishers, 2nd Ed. 2000.

     6.     W.R. Cornish: Intellectual Property Law, Universal Publishers, 3rd Ed. 2001.

 

LLB V SEMESTER

 

PAPER-I: CIVIL PROCEDURE CODE AND LAW OF LIMITATION                                                                                       

Unit-I :     Codification of Civil Procedure and Introduction to CPC — Principal features of the Civil Procedure Code — Suits — Parties to Suit — Framing of Suit —Institution of Suits — Bars of Suit  -  Doctrines ofSub Judice  and Res Judicata — Place of Suing — Transfer of suits — Territorial Jurisdiction — ‘Cause of Action’ and Jurisdictional Bars — Summons — Service of Foreign summons.

Unit-II :    Pleadings — Contents of pleadings — Forms of Pleading — Striking out / Amendment of Pleadings -  Plaint— Essentials of Plaint - Return of Plaint—Rejection of Plaint—Production and marking of Documents— Written Statement — Counter claim — Set off — Framing of issues.

Unit-III : Appearance and Examination of parties & Adjournments — Ex-parte Procedure — Summoning and Attendance of Witnesses — Examination — Admissions — Production, Impounding, Return of Documents — Hearing — Affidavit —Judgment and Decree — Concepts of Judgment, Decree, and Interim Orders and Stay — Injunctions — Appointment of Receivers and Commissions — Costs --  Execution — Concept of Execution — General Principles of Execution — Power of Execution — Power of Executing Courts — Procedure for Execution — Modes of Execution --  Arrest and detention — Attachment  and  Sale.

Unit-IV:   Suits in Particular Cases — Suits by or against Government — Suits relating to public matters;— Suits by or against minors, persons with unsound mind, - Suits by indigent persons --  Interpleader suits — Incidental and supplementary proceedings -  Appeals, Reference, Review and Revision — Appeals from Original Decrees — Appeals from Appellate Decrees — Appeals from Orders — General Provisions Relating to Appeals.

Unit-V: Law of Limitation — Concept of Limitation — Object of limitation - General Principles of Limitation — Extension — Condonation of delay — Sufficient Cause — Computation of limitation -- Acknowledgment and Part-payment — Legal Disability — Provisions of the Limitation Act, 1963 (Excluding Schedule)

Suggested Readings:

     1.     Mulla: Code of Civil Procedure: Tripathi (Abridged Edition), 11th Edn.  

            (StudentEdition) Edited by P.M. Bakshi, Bombay, 1985.

     2.     A.N. Saha: Code of Civil Procedure.

     3.     C.K. Takwani: Civil Procedure, 4th Edn. Eastern Book Co., Lucknow, 1974.

     4.     B.B. Mitra: Limitation Act, 17th Edn. Eastern Law House, Calcutta, 1974,

            Allahabad.

     5.     Sanjiva Row: Limitation Act, 7th Edn. (in 2 Vols), Law Book Co., Allahabad,

            1973.

     6.     Sanjiva Row: Code of Civil Procedure, 3rd Edn. (in 4 Vols), Law Book Co.,

           Allahabad.

     8.   AIR Commentaries on Limitation Act, W.W. Chitaley, AIR Ltd., Nagpur.

 

PAPER-II: CRIMINAL PROCEDURE CODE, LAW OF JUVENILE JUSTICE                  

                     AND PROBATION OF OFFENDERS

Unit-I :     The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 : The rationale of Criminal Procedure — The importance of fair trial — Constitutional Perspectives : Articles 14, 20 & 21 — The organization of Police, Prosecutor and Defence Counsel — Pre-trial Process — Arrest — Distinction between “cognizable” and “non-cognizable” offences — Steps to ensure presence of accused at trial  -- Warrant and Summons cases — Arrest with and without Warrant — The absconder status — Rights of arrested persons under Cr.P.C. and Article 22 (2) of the Constitution of India.

Unit-II:     Search and Seizure — Search with and without warrant — Police search during investigation — General Principles of Search — Seizure — Constitutional aspects of validity of Search and Seizure proceedings.

Unit-III : Trial Process:          Commencement of Proceedings — Dismissal of Complaint — Bail, Bailable and Non-bailable Offences — Cancellation of Bails — Anticipatory Bail — General Principles concerning Bail Bond — Preliminary pleas to bar trial — Jurisdiction — Time Limitations — Pleas of Autrefois Acquit and Autrefois Convict — Fair Trial — Concept of fair trial — Presumption of innocence — Venue of trial —Jurisdiction of Criminal Courts — Rights of accused -- Constitutional Interpretation of Article 21 as a right to speedy trial — Charge — Form and content of Charge — Trial before a Court of Session : Procedural steps and substantive rights.

Unit-IV:   Judgment: Form and content -- Summary trial — Post-conviction orders in lieu of punishment — Modes of providing judgment copy — appeals, review and revisions.

Unit-V:     Probation and Parole: Authority granting Parole — Supervision — Conditional release -- suspension of sentence — Procedure under Probation of Offenders Act, 1958 -- Salient features of the Act.  Juvenile Justice System -- Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act of 2000 -- Procedure under Juvenile Justice…Act — Treatment and Rehabilitation of Juveniles —— Protection of Juvenile Offenders — Legislative and Judicial Role.

Suggested Readings:

     1.     Kelkar R.V.: Criminal Procedure, 3rd Edn. Eastern Book Co., Lucknow, 1993.

     2.     Ratanlal and Dhirajlal: The Code of Criminal Procedure, 15th Edn. Wadhwa & Co.,

     3.     Padala Rama Reddi: The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, Asia Law House,

            Hyderabad.

     4.     Prof. S.N. Misra: The Code of Criminal Procedure, Central Law Agency.

     5.     M.P. Tandon: Criminal Procedure Code, Allahabad Law Agency.

     6.     Shoorvir Tyage: The Code of Criminal Procedure, Allahabad Law Agency.

 

PAPER- III:    LAW OF BANKING AND NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS        

Unit-I:      History of the Banking Regulation Act — Salient features — Banking Business and its importance in modern times.

Unit-II:     Relationship between Banker and Customer — Debtor and Creditor Relationship — Fiduciary Relationship — Trustee and Beneficiary — Principal and Agent — Bail and Bailee — Guarantor, etc.

Unit-III:   Cheques — Crossed Cheques — Account Payee — Banker's Drafts — Dividend Warrants — Postal order and money orders — Travelers cheques and circular notes — Negotiable instruments and deemed negotiable instruments — Salient features of Negotiable Instruments Act.

Unit-IV:   The Paying Banker — Statutory protection to Bankers — Forgeries—Collecting Banker - Statutory protection.

Unit-V:     Banker's lien and set off. -- Advances - Pledge - Land - Stocks - Shares - Life Policies - Document of title to Goods - Bank Guarantees - Letters of Credit.

Suggested Readings:

     1.     Tannan: Banking Law & Practice in India, 18th Edn., Orient Law House, New

                          Delhi.

     2.     Avtar Singh: Negotiable Instruments, 3rd Edn., Eastern Book Company,

                                 Lucknow, 1997.

     3.     P.N.Varshney: Banking Law & Practice, 17th Edn. Sultan Chand & Sons, New

            Delhi.

     4.     Taxman: Law of Banking, IndiaLaw House

     5.     B.R. Sharma and Dr.R.P. Nainta: Principles of Banking Law and Negotiable

                                                                 Instruments Act,Allahabad Law Agency.

     6.     Mukherjee's Banking Law and Practice, Premier Publications Company.

     7.     Bashyam and Adiga: Negotiable Instruments Act, Bharat Law House.

 

PAPER-IV:     ALTERNATE DISPUTE RESOLUTION

   The written examination of this paper will be for 50 marks and the remaining 50 marks for record and viva voce. There shall be classroom instruction on the following topics:

 

Unit-I:      Alternate Dispute Resolution — Characteristics — Advantages and Disadvantages——Unilateral — Bilateral — Triadic (Third Party) Intervention — Techniques and processes -- Negotiation — Conciliation —Arbitration — Distinction between Arbitration, Conciliation and Negotiation.

Unit-II:     The Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 — Historical Background and Objectives of the Act — Definitions of Arbitration, Arbitrator, Arbitration Agreement -- Appointment of Arbitrator — Termination of Arbitrator -- Proceedings in Arbitral Tribunal -- Termination of Proceedings — Arbitral Award -- Setting aside of Arbitral Award — Finality and Enforcement of Award — Appeals – Enforcement of Foreign Awards. Conciliation – Appointment of Conciliators – Powers and Functions of Conciliator -- Procedure – Settlement of disputes through conciliation.

Unit-III:   Other Alternative Dispute Resolution Systems —Tribunals -- Lokpal and Lokayukta — Lok Adalats — Family Courts. Section 89 and Order X, Rules 1A, 1B and 1C of Civil Procedure Code.

 

Practical Exercises (30 marks)

                (a) The students are required to participate in 5 (five) simulation proceedings relating to Arbitration, Conciliation, Mediation and Negotiation. Participation in each such simulation proceeding shall be evaluated for a maximum of 4 (four) marks (Total 5x4=20marks).

                 (b)  Students are required to attend and observe the proceedings of Lok Adalats, Family Courts, Tribunals and other ADR Systems. Each student shall record the above observations in the diary which will be assessed. Record submitted by the student shall be evaluated for 10 marks by the teacher concerned. The Records of the students duly certified by the University Representative appointed by the Controller of Examinations in consultation with the Chairman, BOS in Law shall be submitted to the University before the commencement of the theory examinations

Viva- voce (20marks):  There shall be viva-voce examination on the above        components.The Viva-voce Board consisting of (i) Principal of the College/the teacher concerned (ii) University Representative appointed by the Controller of Examinations in consultation with the Chairman, BOS in Law, and (iii) an advocate with 10 years experience at the Bar shall evaluate the student in the Viva. The proceedings of the viva-voce shall be recorded.

Note: Attendance of the students in all the four components of the paper (written examination, participation in simulation proceedings, submission of record and attendance in viva) shall be compulsory.

Suggested Readings:

     1.     O.P. Tiwari : The Arbitration and Conciliation Act (2nd Edition): Allahabad Law

            Agency.

     2.     Johar's : Commentary on Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996: Kamal Law

            House.

     3.     Acharya N.K.: Law relating to Arbitration and ADR,  Asia Law House,

                                    Hyderabad

     4.     Tripathi S.C.: Arbitration, Conciliation and ADR, Central Law Agency,  

                                   Allahabad.

     5.     Avatar Singh: Arbitration and Conciliation, Eastern Law Book House, Lucknow.

     6.     KSR Murthy: An introduction to ADR Mechanism, Gogia Law Agency,

                                    Hyderabad

     7.    P.C. Rao : Alternate Dispute Resolution , 2001 Edition, Universal Book Traders,

                                                                                               New Delhi.

  1. S.D. Singh: Alternate Dispute Resolution, Universal Book Traders, NewDelhi.                                                                                                

 

 

PAPER-V: PROFESSIONAL ETHICS AND PROFESSIONAL

                   ACCOUNTING SYSTEM                                             

The written examination of this paper will be for 50 marks and the remaining 50 marks for record and viva voce. There shall be classroom instruction on the following topics:

Unit-I:      Development of Legal Profession in India — The Advocates Act, 1961 — Right to Practice — a right or privilege? - Constitutional guarantee under Article 19(1) (g) and its scope — Enrolment and Practice — Regulation governing enrolment and practice — Practice of Law — Solicitors firm — Elements of Advocacy.

Unit-II : Seven lamps of advocacy — Advocates duties towards public, clients, court, and other advocates  and legal aid ; Bar Council Code of Ethics.

Unit-III:   Disciplinary proceedings — Professional misconduct — Disqualifications — Functions of Bar Council of India/State Bar Councils in dealing with the disciplinary proceedings —Disciplinary Committees -- Powers and functions - Disqualification and removal from rolls.

Unit-IV: Accountancy for Lawyers — Nature and functions of accounting — Important branches of accounting — Accounting and Law – Bar Bench Relations.

 

Record (30 marks): Each student shall write 50 selected opinions of the

Disciplinary Committees of Bar Councils and 10 major judgments of the

Supreme Court of India in the Record. The Record shall be evaluated for 30

marks by the teacher concerned. The Records of the students duly certified by

the University Representative appointed by the Controller of Examinations in

consultation with the Chairman, BOS in Law shall be submitted to the

University before the commencement of the theory examinations.

 

Viva- voce (20marks):  There shall be viva-voce examination on the above components.The Viva-voce Board consisting of (i) Principal of the College/the teacher concerned (ii) University Representative appointed by the Controller of Examinations in consultation with the Chairman, BOS in Law, and  (iii) an advocate with 10 years experience at the Bar shall evaluate the student in the Viva. The proceedings of the viva-voce shall be recorded.

Note: All the three components of the paper (written examination, submission of record and attendance in viva) shall be compulsory.

 

 

Suggested Readings :

     (1)   Myneni S.R.: Professional Ethics, Accountancy for Lawyers and Bench-Bar Relation, Asia Law House, Hyderabad.

     (2)   Gupta S.P.: Professional Ethics, Accountancy for Lawyers and Bench-Bar Relation, Asia Law House, Hyderabad.

     (3)   Kailash Rai: Professional Ethics, Accountancy for Lawyers and Bench-Bar Relation, Allahabad Law Agency.

     (4)   Siroh: Professional Ethics, Central Law Publications, Allahabad.

     (5)   Ramachandra Jha: Selected Judgements on Professional Ethics published by Bar Council of India Trust, 2002.

     (6)   Dr. G.B. Reddy: Practical Advocacy of Law, 2nd Ed. 2005. Gogia Law Agency. Hyderabad

 

LL.B.VI SEMESTER

 

PAPER-I: LAW OF TAXATION     

Unit-I :     Constitutional basis of power of taxation — Article 265 of Constitution of India — Basic concept of Income Tax — Outlines of Income Tax Law --  Definition of Income and Agricultural Income under Income Tax Act — Residential Status — Previous Year — Assessment Year — Computation of Income.

Unit-II:     Heads of Income and Computation — Income from Salary, Income from House Property. Profits and Gains of Business or Profession, Capital Gains and Income from other sources.

Unit-III:   Law and Procedure — P.A.N. — Filing of Returns — Payment of Advance Tax -- Deduction of Tax at Source (TDS) -- Double Tax Relief — Law and Procedure for Assessment, Penalties, Prosecution, Appeals and Grievances -- Authorities.       

Unit-IV :  Wealth Tax — Charge of Wealth Tax — Persons liable to Wealth Tax — Persons exempted from Wealth Tax — Assessment  — Deemed  Assessment — Debts — Assessment year --  Previous Year -- Valuation Date -- Rate of Wealth Tax — Wealth Tax Procedure — Filing of Returns — Statement of net wealth, Computation of Wealth Tax, Valuation rules for immovable property, Business Assets, Jewelry.

Unit-V:     Sales Tax & Value Added Tax — Relevant important provisions of A.P. General Sales Tax and VAT laws - Assessment — Procedure -Practice of Sales Tax and VAT – Authorities - Powers and Jurisdiction.

 

 

Suggested Readings :

     1.     Dr. Vinod K.Singhania: Student Guide to Income Tax, Taxman, Allied Service

            Pvt. Limited.

     2.     Dr. Vinod K.Singhania: Direct Taxes Law & Practice, Taxman Allied Service

            Pvt. Limited.

     3.     Myneni S.R.: Law of Taxation, Allahabad Law Series.

     4.     Kailash Rai: Taxation Laws, Allahabad Law Agency.

     5.     Dr. Gurish Ahuja: Systematic Approach to Income Tax, Bharat Law House Pvt.

           Limited.

     6.     V.S. Datey : Law and Practice Central Sales Tax Act, 2003, Taxman

                                   Publications.

     7.     Nani Palkivala: Income Tax, Butterworths Publications.

 

PAPER-II: INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY LAW

 

Unit-I

Concept of Information Technology and Cyber Space- Interface of Technology and Law -Jurisdiction in Cyber Space and Jurisdiction in traditional sense - Internet Jurisdiction -  Indian Context of Jurisdiction - Enforcement agencies -International position of Internet Jurisdiction - Cases in Cyber Jurisdiction

 

Unit-II

Information Technology Act, 2000 - Aims and Objects — Overview of the Act – Jurisdiction -Electronic Governance – Legal Recognition of Electronic Records and Electronic Evidence -Digital Signature Certificates - Securing  Electronic records and secure digital signatures - Duties of Subscribers - Role of Certifying Authorities - Regulators under the Act -The Cyber Regulations Appellate Tribunal - Internet Service Providers and their Liability – Powers of Police under the Act – Impact of the Act on other Laws .

 

Unit-III

E-Commerce - UNCITRAL Model - Legal aspects of E-Commerce - Digital Signatures - Technical and Legal issues -  E-Commerce, Trends and Prospects - E-taxation, E-banking, online publishing and online credit card payment - Employment Contracts  - Contractor Agreements, Sales, Re-Seller and Distributor Agreements, Non-Disclosure Agreements- Shrink Wrap Contract ,Source Code, Escrow Agreements etc.

 

 

 

 

Unit-IV

Cyber Law and IPRs-Understanding Copy Right in Information Technology - Software - Copyrights vs Patents debate - Authorship and Assignment Issues - Copyright in Internet - Multimedia and Copyright issues - Software Piracy –Patents - Understanding Patents - European Position on Computer related Patents - Legal position of U.S. on Computer related Patents - Indian Position on Computer related Patents –Trademarks - Trademarks in Internet - Domain name registration - Domain Name Disputes & WIPO -Databases in Information Technology - Protection of databases - Position in USA,EU and India

 

Unit-V

Cyber Crimes -Meaning of  Cyber Crimes –Different Kinds of Cyber crimes – Cyber crimes under IPC, Cr.P.C and Indian Evidence Law - Cyber crimes under the Information Technology Act,2000 - Cyber crimes under International Law - Hacking Child Pornography, Cyber Stalking, Denial of service Attack, Virus Dissemination, Software Piracy,Internet Relay Chat (IRC) Crime, Credit Card Fraud, Net Extortion, Phishing etc - Cyber Terrorism - Violation of Privacy on Internet - Data Protection and Privacy

 

 

Suggested Readings:

 

1.  Kamlesh N. & Murali D.Tiwari(Ed), IT and Indian Legal System, Macmillan India

    Ltd, New Delhi

 

2.  K.L.James, The Internet: A User’s Guide (2003), Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi

 

3.  Chris Reed, Internet Law-Text and Materials, 2nd Edition, 2005, Universal Law

    Publishing Co., New Delhi

 

4.  Vakul Sharma, Hand book of Cyber Laws, Macmillan India Ltd, New Delhi

 

5. S.V.Joga Rao, Computer Contract & IT Laws (in 2 Volumes), 2005 Prolific Law

    Publications, New Delhi

 

6.  T.Ramappa, Legal Issues in Electronic Commerce, Macmillan India Ltd, New Delhi

 

7.  Indian Law Institute, Legal Dimensions of Cyber Space, New Delhi

 

8.  Pankaj Jain & Sangeet Rai Pandey, Copyright and Trademark Laws relating to

   Computers, Eastern Book Co, New Delhi

 

9.  Farouq Ahmed, Cyber Law in India

 

10. S.V.Joga Rao, Law of Cyber Crimes and Information Technology Law, 2007,

     Wadhwa & Co, Nagpur

 

 

 

 

PAPER-III: OPTIONAL (Any one of the following subjects)

 

  1. LAW RELATING TO WOMEN

 

Unit-I :     Historical background and status of women in ancient India — Constitutional  Provisions and gender justice — Relevant provisions relating to women in Directive Principles of State Policy and Fundamental Duties etc. under the Indian Constitution.

Unit-II:     Laws relating to marriage, divorce and succession and maintenance under the relevant personal laws with special emphasis on women — Special Marriage Act — Maintenance under Cr. P.C.

Unit-III :  Special provisions relating to women under the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 — Offences against women under Indian Penal Code - outraging the modesty of women -sexual harassment – rape – bigamy - mock and fraudulent marriages – adultery - causing miscarriage - insulting women etc.

Unit-IV:   Socio-Legal position of women and the law — Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961, Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act — Law relating to the Pre Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) and Sex selection — Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act -- Law relating to domestic violence.

Unit-V :    Relevant provisions relating to women under Maternity Benefit Act, 1961, Factories Act and other Labour & Industrial Laws — Position of Women under International instruments — Salient features of Convention for Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) — International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights — International Covenant on Social, Cultural and Economic Rights.

Suggested Readings :

     1.     S.P. Sathe: Towards Gender Justice.

     2.     Dr. Vijay Sharma: Protection to woman in Matrimonial home

     3.     Dr. Sarojini Saxena: Femijuris (Law relating to Women in India)

     4.     Dr. Archana Parsher: Women and Social Reform

     5.     Dr. Paras Diwan: Dowry and protection to married women

     6.     Mary Wollstonecraft: A Vindication of the rights of women.

     7.     Dr. G.B.Reddy: Women and Law, 2nd Edn. Gogia Law Agency, Hyderabad,

             1998.

 

 

 

 

(B) HUMAN RIGHTS LAW

Unit-I 

Meaning and definition of Human Rights - Evolution of Human Rights - Human Rights and Domestic Jurisdiction

Unit-II  

Adoption of Human Rights by the UN Charter - U.N.Commission on Human Rights -  Universal Declaration of Human Rights - International Covenants on Human Rights( Civil and Political; Economic, Social and  Cultural).

Unit-III

Regional Conventions on Human Rights - European Convention on Human Rights - American Convention on Human Rights - African Charter on Human Rights(Banjul).

Unit-IV

International Conventions on Human Rights - Genocide Convention, Convention against Torture, CEDAW, Child Rights Convention, Convention on Statelessness, Convention against Slavery, Convention on Refugees - International Conference on Human Rights(1968) - World Conference on Human Rights(1993).

Unit-V

Human Rights Protection in India - Human Rights Commissions - Protection of Human Rights Act - National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) - State Human Rights Commissions - Human Right Courts in Districts.

 

Suggested Readings:

  1. P.R. Gandhi (ed):  Blackstone’s International Human Rights Documents, Universal Law Publishing Co. Delhi.
  2. Richard B. Lillich and Frank C. Newman: International Human Rights - Problems of Law and Policy, Little Brown and Company, Boston and Toronto.
  3. Frederick Quinn: Human Rights and You, OSCE/ ODIHR, Warsaw, Poland
  4. T.S. Batra: Human Rights – A Critique, Metropolitan Book Company Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
  5. Dr.U. Chandra: Human Rights, Allahabad Law Agency Publications, Allahabad.

 

 

 

 

 

(C)       LAW OF INVESTMENTS AND SECURITIES

Unit-I:      Administration of Company Law in relation to issue of prospectus and shares -- membership and share capital --  Kinds of shares -- public issue of shares -- procedure for issue of shares -- allotment of shares -- transfer and transmission of shares.

Unit-II:     Debentures - Kinds of Debentures and Charges – Dividend -- Inter-Corporate Loans and Investments.

Unit-III:   Basic features of the Security Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956 — Recognition of Stock Exchanges – Regulation of Contracts and option in securities — Listing of securities -- Guidelines for listing of shares / debentures.

Unit-IV :  Basic features of the Security and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992 —  Basic features of the Act — Establishment of SEBI --  Functions and Powers of SEBI -- Powers of the Central Government under the Act -- Guidelines for disclosure  --   Investors Protection - SEBI Appellate Tribunal  -- Appeals.

Unit-V:     Non-Banking Financial Institutions - Classification and Law Relating to NFBCs - AP Protection of Depositors Act, 1999.

Suggested Readings:

     1.   Avatar Singh: Company Law, 10th Edn. (Eastern Book Company, 1991).

     2.   A Guide to Companies Act by Ramaiah - Wadhwa Publications.

     3.   Navneet Jyothi and Rajesh Gupta, Practical Manual to Non Baking Financial Companies, Taxman's Publications.

     4.   Ananta Raman: Lectures on Company Law, Wadhwa and Company.

     5.   Tandon M.P.: Company Law, Allahabad Law Agency, Allahabad.

     6.   Kailash Rai: Company Law, Allahabad Law Agency.

     7.   Majumdar: Company Law, Taxman Publications.

     8.   A.P. Protection of Depositors Act, 1999, Asia Law House Publications.

 

PAPER-IV: DRAFTING, PLEADINGS AND CONVEYANCING

Class-room instruction and simulation exercises on the following items shall be extended.

Unit-I

Drafting: GeneralPrinciples of Drafting and relevant Substantive Rules shall be taught.

Unit-II

Pleadings: (i)  Civil—Plaint, Written Statement, Interlocutory Application, Original Petition, Affidavit, Execution Petition, Memorandum of Appeal and Revision.

(ii) Petition under Article 226 and 32 of the Constitution of India - Drafting of Writ Petition and PIL Petition.

(iii) Criminal— Complaint, Criminal Miscellaneous Petition, Bail Application,   Memorandum of Appeal and Revision.

Unit-III

Conveyancing: SaleDeed, Mortgage Deed, Lease Deed, Gift Deed, Promissory Note, Power of Attorney, Will, Trust Deed

 

Practical Exercises

Apart from teaching the relevant law, the course includes not less than 15 (fifteen) practical exercises in drafting of pleadings carrying a total of 45 marks (3 marks for each) and 15 (fifteen) exercises in conveyancing carrying another 45 marks (3 marks for each exercise) and remaining 10 marks for viva-voce.

     These 30 exercises shall be recorded. Each student shall be served with different problems for the purpose of exercise. These exercises shall be assessed and marks may be allotted.

     These exercises shall be evaluated by a common committee consisting of (i) Principal of the College/the concerned teacher (ii) University Representative appointed by the Controller of Examinations in consultation with the Chairman, Board of Studies in Law, O.U.; and (iii) an Advocate with 10 years experience at the Bar. The same committee will also conduct viva-voce on the above concepts. The proceedings of the viva-voce shall be recorded.

 

Note:

1. Attendance of the students for viva-voce shall be compulsory.

2. The above records certified by the University Representative appointed by the Controller of Examinations in consultation with the Chairman, BOS in Law shall be submitted to the University for Further Verification

 

Suggested Readings:

     1.   R.N. Chaturvedi : Pleadings and Conveyancing, Central Law Publications.

     2.   De Souza : Conveyancing, Eastern Law House.

     3.   Tiwari : Drafting, Pleading and Conveyancing, Central Law Agency.

     4.   Mogha: Indian Conveyancer, Eastern Law House.

     5.   Mogha: Law of Pleadings in India, Eastern Law House.

     6. Shiv Gopal: Conveyancing, Precedents and Forms, Eastern Book Company

     7.   Narayana P.S.: Civil Pleadings and Practice, Asia Law House.

     8.   Narayana P.S.: Criminal Pleadings and Practice, Asia Law House.

     9.   Noshirvan H.Jhabvala: Drafting, Pleadings, Conveyancing & Professional Ethics. Jamhadar & Companes.

   10.   R.D.Srivastava: The Law of Pleadings, drafting and Conveyancing, Central Law Agency.

 

 

PAPER-V: MOOT COURTS, OBSERVATION OF TRIAL, PRE-TRIAL    

                    PREPARATIONS AND INTERNSHIP                                    

This paper has three components of 30 marks each and viva-voce for 10 marks.

 

(A) Moot Court (30 marks): Every student is required to participate in at least three moot courts in the VI Semester with 10 marks for each. The moot court work will be on an assigned problem and it will be evaluated for 5 marks for written submissions and 5 marks for oral advocacy.

          Marks will be given on the basis of written submission and oral advocacy. Written submissions shall include brief summary of facts, issues involved, provisions of laws and arguments, citation, prayer, etc. Marks for oral advocacy may be awarded for communication skills, presentations, language, provisions of law; authorities quoted, court manners, etc. Written Memorials submitted by the students shall be kept by the College for Further Verification.

          The performance of student in the moot court shall be evaluated by a committee consisting of (i) Principal of the College (ii) an Advocate with 10 years experience at the Bar; and (iii) the teacher concerned.

 

(B)  Observance of Trial in two cases, one Civil and one Criminal (30 marks):

       Students are required to attend courts to observe at least one civil and one criminal case. They shall maintain a record and enter the various steps observed during their attendance on different days in the court assignment. The Court Observation Record submitted by the students should be evaluated by a committee consisting of (i) Principal of the College/the concerned teacher (ii) University Representative appointed by the Controller of Examinations in consultation with the Chairman, Board of Studies in Law, O.U.; and (iii) an Advocate with 10 years experience at the Bar and average be taken. Court attendance shall be compulsory and attendance has to be recorded in a register kept therefor. This may be carried under the supervision of a teacher of the college. This scheme will carry 30 marks.

 

(C) Interviewing Techniques and Pre-Trial Preparations and Internship Diary 

           (30 marks):

     Each student should observe two 'interview sessions' of clients either in the Lawyer’s Office or in the Legal Aid Office and record the proceedings in a diary, which will carry 15 marks.

     Each student has to further observe the preparation of documents and court papers by the Advocate and the procedure for the filing of the suit / petition. This shall be recorded in the diary which will carry 15 marks.

     The diary shall clearly indicate the dates on which the above observations are made and they shall be authenticated by the advocate concerned.

     Evaluation of the above diary shall be made by the committee consisting of (i) Principal of the College/the concerned teacher (ii) University Representative appointed by the Controller of Examinations in consultation with the Chairman, Board of Studies in Law, O.U.; and (iii) an Advocate with 10 years experience at the Bar and average be taken.

 

 (D)Viva-voce (10 marks): There shall be viva-voce examination on all the above three components.The Viva-voce Board consisting of (i) Principal of the College/the concerned teacher (ii) University Representative appointed by the Controller of Examinations in consultation with the Chairman, BOS in Law; and  (iii)an advocate  with 10 years experience at the Bar shall evaluate the student in the Viva. The proceedings of the viva-voce shall be recorded.

Note:

1. Attendance of the students in all the four components of the paper shall be compulsory.

2.The above records, diary certified by the University Representative appointed by the Controller of Examinations in consultation with the Chairman, BOS in Law shall be submitted to the University for Further Verification.

.

Suggested Readings:

     1.   Dr. Kailash Rai: Moot Court Pre-Trial Preparation and Participation in Trial Proceedings, Central Law Publication.

     2.   Amita Danda: Moot Court for Interactive Legal Education, Gogia Law Agency, Hyderabad.

     3.   Blackstone's: Books of Moots, Oxford University Press.

     4.   Mishra: Moot Court Pre-Trial Preparation and Participation in Trial Proceedings, Central Law, Allahabad.

 

 

 

FACULTY OF LAW, OSMANIA UNIVERSITY

SCHEME OF B.A., LL.B. FIVE-YEAR INTEGRATED DEGREE COURSE

 WITH EFFECT FROM 2009-2010

SEMESTER SYSTEM

RULES AND REGULATIONS OF B.A., LL.B. FIVE-YEAR DEGREE COURSE

 

                 Applicable to the students admitted from the academic year 2009-2010 onwards for B.A., LL.B. 5 Year Integrated Dual Degree Course in the faculty of law.

                  All the rules and regulations, hereinafter, specified shall be read as a whole for the purpose of interpretation.

I.  ADMISSION

1. A candidate for admission to B.A., LL.B. 5 Year Integrated Dual Degree Course has to qualify 10+2/ Intermediate or equivalent thereto, and the Law Common Entrance Examination (LAWCET) for that academic year.  The candidates will be admitted strictly in accordance with the merit secured at the entrance examination, keeping in view the Rules in force in respect of the statutory reservation of seats under various categories of candidates.

 

2. Eligibility for admission: An applicant who has successfully completed 10+2 or Intermediate or equivalent from a recognized University of India or outside or from a Senior Secondary Board or equivalent, constituted  or recognized by the Union or by a State Government or from any  equivalent institution from a foreign country recognized by the government of that country for the purpose of issue of qualifying certificate on successful completion of the course, may apply for and  be admitted into the B.A., LL.B. 5 Year Degree Course.      

 

Provided that applicants who have obtained  + 2 Higher Secondary Pass Certificate after prosecuting studies in distance or correspondence method shall also be considered as eligible for admission in the Integrated Five Years B.A., LL.B.Course.

Explanation: The applicants who have obtained 10+2 through Open University system directly without having any basic qualification for prosecuting such studies are not eligible for admission in the law courses.

 

3. Minimum marks in qualifying examination for admission: As prescribed by the Bar Council of India the minimum percentage of marks, not below 45% of the total marks in case of general category applicants and 40% of the total marks in case of SC and ST applicants, has to be obtained in the qualifying examination, such as +2 or Intermediate Examination, for the purpose of applying for and getting admitted into Integrated Five Years B.A., LL.B. Course.

 

 Provided that such a minimum qualifying marks shall not automatically entitle a person to get admission into an institution but only shall entitle the person concerned to fulfill other institutional criteria notified by the institution concerned or by the government concerned from time to time to apply for admission.

 

4. Age on admission: The maximum age limit for admission into first year B.A., LL.B. Five Year Degree Course in the University College of Law and Post Graduate College of Law, Osmania University, shall be twenty years (twenty two years in case of candidates belonging to SC and ST categories) as on 1st July of the year of admission. For admission into the same course in other colleges affiliated to Osmania University the age limit shall be as prescribed by the Bar Council of India or any other competent authority.

 

5. No admissions/readmissions/promotions into any semester are to be made after the expiry of four weeks from the date of commencement of instruction for that particular semester of    the Course.

 

6. A candidate admitted to the B.A., LL.B. 5 Year Degree Course will forfeit his seat and his admission  stands cancelled and he shall not be eligible for readmission if :

                   He does not put in at least 40% of attendance in I Semester

                                                           OR

             He does not secure promotion to IX Semester of 5th year within a maximum

             period of nine years starting from the year of admission to Semester I.

                                                           OR

              He fails to fulfil all the requirements and pass all the examinations for the award

              of the degree as specified, within ten academic years from the time when he was

              first admitted to the B.A., LL.B. Five Year Course.

 

     II.   DURATION OF THE COURSE

 

1. The B.A., LL.B. 5 Years Integrated Degree Course shall consist of 10 Semesters including law and allied subjects from social science and humanities.  Each academic year is divided into two semesters. Each semester shall comprise of 16 weeks of instruction.

 

2. The almanac preferably be as given below:

 

Semester I, III , V, VII, and IX

Duration of instruction                                                           16 weeks

Preparation holidays                                                     2 weeks

Duration of Examinations                                             2 weeks

 

Semester II, IV ,VI, VIII and X

Duration of instruction                                                           16 weeks

Preparation holidays                                                     2 weeks

Duration of Examinations                                             4 weeks

 

 

III.   AWARD OF DEGREE 

 

1.On successful completion of the Five Years Degree Course in the Faculty of Law the candidate shall be conferred with the degree B.A., LL.B.

 

2.(i) The B.A., LL.B. Degree in the Faculty of Law will be conferred on a candidate who has pursued a regular course of study for five academic years as prescribed in the scheme of instruction and has passed all the examinations as prescribed in the scheme of examinations.

 

           (ii)  A regular course of study for eligibility to appear at the B.A., LL.B. examination shall mean that the candidate should put in attendance of not less than 75% aggregate in lectures in subject listed in the scheme of instruction. Provided that, in special cases, and for sufficient cause shown the Vice- Chancellor, on the recommendation of the Principal, may condone the deficiency not exceeding 10%  of  attendance in aggregate on medical grounds when the application submitted at the time of actual illness is supported by a certificate from an authorized Medical Officer, and approved by the Principal.  In case, condonation in attendance on medical grounds is sought the applicant shall pay the prescribed fee.

 

               (iii)  Attendance at NCC/NSS Camps or Inter-Collegiate or Inter-University or Inter-State or National or International Matches or Debates, Moot Courts, Youth Festivals or Educational Excursions if they  form the part of the curriculum or such other Inter-University, Inter-College activities, as approved by the University will not be counted as absence.  However, the aggregate of such absence should not exceed four weeks in a                 semester.

 

              (iv)  In any semester of the course, if a candidate fails to secure the minimum required percentage of attendance under the rules, he/she shall not be eligible to appear in the examination of that semester and he/she shall have to seek re-admission to undergo afresh a Regular Course of study of the corresponding semester in a subsequent academic year, in order to become eligible to appear in the examinations.

 

(v)Attendance shall be reckoned from the date of commencement of instruction as

per the almanac communicated by the College/University. 

 

(vi)The candidates who are eligible for promotion from one academic year to next

academic year shall renew their admission by submitting LL.B.  Renewal Application form along with the prescribed fee within be prescribed time.

IV. SCHEME OF INSTRUCTION AND EXAMINATION

 

  1. Instruction in various subjects shall be provided by the college as per the scheme of instruction and syllabi prescribed.
  2. The programme of instruction, examinations and vacations shall be notified by the Principal of the College/University.
  3. The medium of instruction and examination shall be English.
  4. The allocation of marks in each subject shall be 80% for University Examination and 20% for Internal Assessment.
  5. The minimum pass marks shall be 40% of the maximum marks of the University Examination and overall 40% of the total (University Examination and Internal Assessment put together) marks in each subject.
  6. The candidates have to attend the internal assessment tests to be conducted during the 9th and 14th week of instruction of each semester.
  7. At the end of each semester, University Examinations shall be held as prescribed in the scheme of examination.
  8. Backlog examinations shall be conducted only at the end of II, IV, VI, VIII and X Semesters.

 

 

V. RULES OF PROMOTION

 

Rules of Promotion are as under:

 

S.No.   Semester                                  Condition to be fulfilled for promotion

 

1.        From I to II                               Should have undergone a regular course of study of Semester-I and registered* for the Semester -I examinations.

 

2.       From II to III                              a) Should have undergone a regular course of study in each of Semester-I and Semester-II and registered* for II Semester examinations; and

                                                                                   

                                                            b) The number of backlogs, if any, of Semester I and II taken together shall not exceed 5(five) papers/subjects prescribed for Semester I and II.

 

3.       From III to IV                            Should have undergone a regular course of study in each of Semester I, II, and III and registered* for Semester III examinations.

                                                                                   

 

4.        From IV to V                            a)Should have undergone a regular course of study in each of Semester I, II, III and IV and registered* for Semester –IV examinations; and

                                                                                   

                                                            b) The number of backlogs, if any, of Semester I, II, III and IV taken together shall not exceed 5 (five) papers/ subjects.

 

5.       From V to VI                          Should have undergone a regular course of study of Semester-I, II, III, IV and V and registered* for Semester V examinations.

 

      6.       From VI to VII                       a) Should have undergone a regular course of study

                                                                    of Semester I,II, III, IV, V and VI and registered*

                                                                    for VI Semester examination ; and

 

                                                               b)  The number of backlogs if any, of Semester

                                                                     I, II, III, IV, V and VI taken                                       

                                                                     together shall not exceed 5(five) Papers/Subjects.

 

 7.            From VII to VIII                      Should have undergone a regular course of study of

                                                                 Semester I, II, III, IV, V, VI, and VII and                                                

                                                                 Registered* for Semester VII examination.

 

8.           From VIII to IX                      a)  Should have undergone a regular course of study

                                                                  of Semester – I, II,III, IV,V,VI VII & VIII and

                                                                   registered* for VIII Semester     examination;

                                                                   and

 

                                         

                                                             b)  The number of backlogs if any, of Semester I, II,

                                                                   III, IV, V, VI, VII               

                                                                   and VIII taken together shall not exceed 5(five)

                                                                   Papers/Subjects.

                                                        

 

9.            From IX to X                           Should have undergone a regular course of study of

                                                                Semester I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII and IX and

                                                                Registered* for Semester IX examination.

 

     *   Obtaining hall tickets for the said examination

 

 

VI. AWARD OF DIVISION

 

            Candidates who have passed all the examinations of the B.A., LL.B. Degree Course shall be awarded Divisions in accordance with the total aggregate marks secured by them in all the Semester Examinations taken together.

 

 

1. First Division with Distinction                               : 70% and above.

2. First Division                                                          : 60% and above but less than 70%

3. Second Division                                                      : 50% and above but less than 60%

4. Pass Division                                                          : 40% and above but less than 50%

 

The minimum pass marks in each paper shall be 40%.

 

            Candidates who have not passed the examination in the first attempt along with the batch in which they were admitted are not eligible for getting Rank Certificates/Gold Medals/Prizes.

 

 

VII.   IMPROVEMENT OF DIVISION

 

1. Paper-wise Improvement

 

  1. When a candidate has passed in one or more papers/subjects in the first attempt in the regular* examination(s) conducted by the University for his/her batch, paper-wise improvement is permissible only in those papers.
  2. A candidate is permitted to appear for paper-wise improvement only once for a semester examination.
  3. A candidate who wishes to improve his/her performance may be permitted to do so if he/she appears in the immediate next examination conducted by the University.  Paper-wise improvement is not permissible for any backlog** completed paper.

 

NOTE

*  Regular examination means an examination conducted at the end of the semester for which the candidates were admitted and had undergone instruction.

 

** Backlogs means: (i) the papers/subjects in which the candidate registered for examination but either absented or failed; (ii) papers/subjects for which the candidate has not registered for the examination with his/her batch of students.

 

  1. A candidate appearing for paper-wise improvement is permitted to have the better of the two awards for the purpose of award of division.

 

2. Improvement in Aggregate

 

            Improvement in aggregate is permitted only after the candidate exhausted the chances of paper-wise improvement as per the following conditions:

 

  1. Aggregate improvement is permissible only when a candidate appears in all papers/subjects but not piece meal of a semester.  Further the candidate has to appear for improvement examination as per the scheme of examination and syllabus in vogue at the time of taking his/her examination.
  2. When a candidate appears for improvement in any semester/semesters, he/she may be permitted to have the better of the two aggregates i.e., the original or improvement.
  3. The candidate is allowed for improvement in aggregate by appearing not more than two times for any semester.  Further, aggregate improvement is limited to a period of three years after passing the final semester examination.

 

NOTE: Candidates who appear for improvement of performances under category (b) and (c) above are not eligible for the award of Distinction/Prizes/Medals/Merit Certificates etc.

 

 

 

VIII. GENERAL RULES OF EXAMINATIONS

 

  1. Application for permission to appear at every examination shall be made by the candidate on the prescribed form, accompanied by three passport size full face photographs (not profile) along with the necessary certificates, and the prescribed fee.  The application should be submitted to the concerned Principal on or before the date fixed for this purpose.  The Principal after verifying the eligibility of the candidate, forward the application to the Examination Branch.
  2. When a candidate’s application is found in order, the Controller of Examinations shall send the attested Hall Ticket with photograph of the candidate affixed to it to the Principal of the College who will issue Hall Ticket to the candidate only if he is satisfied with all the conditions to be complied with by the candidate regarding the eligibility criteria.  The Hall ticket thus issued to the candidate shall have to be produced by the candidate before he/she can be admitted to the premises where the examination is held.
  3. A candidate after having been declared successful in all semester examinations of the course, shall be given a certificate setting forth the year of examination, the subjects in which he/she was examined and the Division secured.
  4. No candidate shall be allowed to pursue more than one degree course simultaneously.

 

IX. TRANSITORY PROVISIONS

 

Whenever a course or scheme of instruction changed in a particular year, two more examinations immediately following thereafter shall be conducted according to the old syllabus/regulations. Candidates not appearing at the examinations or failing in them shall take the examination subsequently according to the changed syllabus/regulations.

 

 

X. SUBJECTS FOR STUDY

I Semester

 

1. English-I

2. History

3. Political Science-I

4. Legal Language and Legal Writing

5. History of Courts, Legislatures and Legal Profession in India

 

II Semester

 

1. English-II

2. Political Science-II

3. Psychology

4. Law of Torts

5. Consumer Protection Law

 

 

 

III Semester

 

1. Sociology-I

2. Political Science-III

3. Economics-I

4. Law of Contract-I

5. Family Law-I

 

IV Semester

 

1. Sociology -II

2. Economics-II

3. Environmental Studies

4. Law of Contract – II

5. Family Law- II

 

V Semester

 

1. Criminal Law-I

2. Constitutional Law-I

3. Corporate Law-I

4. Environmental Law

5. Law of Evidence

 

VI Semester

 

  1. Criminal Law-II
  2. Constitutional Law-II
  3. Corporate Law-II
  4. Jurisprudence
  5. Law of Property

  

VII Semester

1. Labour Law-I

2. Public International Law

3. Administrative Law

4. Law of Insurance

5. Intellectual Property Law

 

VIII Semester

1. Labour Law-II

2. Interpretation of Statutes

3. Private International Law

4. Land Laws

5. Citizenship and Emigration Law

 

IX Semester

 

1.  Civil Procedure Code and Law of Limitation

2.  Criminal Procedure Code, Law of Juvenile Justice and Probation of Offenders

3.  Law of Banking and Negotiable Instruments

4.  Alternate Dispute Resolution

5.  Professional Ethics and Professional Accounting System

 

X Semester

 

 1. Law of Taxation

 2. Information Technology Law

 3. Optional (The candidate should take any one of the following subjects)

  (a) Law Relating to Women

  (b) Human Rights Law

4. Drafting, Pleadings and Conveyancing

  5. Moot Courts, Observation of Trial, Pre-trial Preparations and Internship

 

 

 

XI. AWARD OF PRIZES, DISTINCTIONS AND MEDALS

 

In order to be eligible for the award of Distinction, Prizes and Medals based upon merit list of First Class candidates at the University Examination, candidates shall be eligible for such awards only if they pass in all the papers at the end of each semester in the first attempt along with the regular candidates of their batch.  No candidate shall be eligible for the award of merit certificate, distinction, prizes and medals if he/she passes or improves his/her performance in more than one attempt at any examination.

 

 

B.A., LL.B. (5YDC) I SEMESTER

SCHEME OF INSTRUCTION AND SCHEME OF EXAMINATION

WITH EFFECT FROM 2009-2010

 

Sl. No.

Syllabus

Reference

No.

SUBJECT

Scheme of Instruction

_________

Periods

Per Week

Scheme of

Examination

 

Internal Assessment +UniversityExamination

= Total marks

1

B.A.,LL.B. 101

English –I

 

6 Periods

20         80               100

2

B.A.,LL.B. 102

History

6 Periods

20         80               100

3

B.A.,LL.B. 103

Political Science-I

6 Periods

20         80               100

4     

B.A.,LL.B. 104

Legal Language and Legal Writing

6  Periods

20         80               100

5

B.A.,LL.B. 105

History of Courts, Legislatures and Legal Profession in India

6 Periods

20         80               100

 

 

B.A., LL.B. (5YDC) II SEMESTER

SCHEME OF INSTRUCTION AND SCHEME OF EXAMINATION

WITH EFFECT FROM 2009-2010

 

Sl. No.

Syllabus

Reference

No.

SUBJECT

Scheme of Instruction

_________

Periods

Per Week

Scheme of

Examination

 

Internal Assessment +UniversityExamination

= Total marks

1

B.A.,LL.B. 201

English - II

 

6 Periods

20         80               100

2

B.A.,LL.B. 202

Political Science - II

 

6 Periods

20         80               100

3

B.A.,LL.B. 203

Psychology

6 Periods

20         80               100

4     

B.A.,LL.B. 204

Law of Torts

 

6  Periods

20         80               100

5

B.A.,LL.B. 205

Consumer Protection Law

 

6 Periods

20         80               100

 

 

B.A., LL.B. (5YDC) III SEMESTER

SCHEME OF INSTRUCTION AND SCHEME OF EXAMINATION

WITH EFFECT FROM 2009-2010

 

 

 

Sl. No.

Syllabus

Reference

No.

SUBJECT

Scheme of Instruction

_________

Periods

Per Week

Scheme of

Examination

 

Internal Assessment +UniversityExamination

= Total marks

1

B.A.,LL.B. 301

Sociology - I

 

6 Periods

20         80               100

2

B.A.,LL.B. 302

Political Science - III

6 Periods

20         80               100

3

B.A.,LL.B. 303

Economics - I

6 Periods

20         80               100

4      

B.A.,LL.B. 304

Law of Contract - I

 

6  Periods

20         80               100

5

B.A.,LL.B. 305

Family Law - I

 

6 Periods

20         80               100

 

B.A., LL.B. (5YDC) IV SEMESTER

SCHEME OF INSTRUCTION AND SCHEME OF EXAMINATION

WITH EFFECT FROM 2009-2010

 

 

Sl. No.

Syllabus

Reference

No.

SUBJECT

Scheme of Instruction

_________

Periods

Per Week

Scheme of

Examination

 

Internal Assessment + UniversityExamination

= Total marks

1

B.A.,LL.B. 401

Sociology - II

6 Periods

20         80               100

2

B.A.,LL.B. 402

Economics - II

6 Periods

20         80               100

3

B.A.,LL.B. 403

Environmental Studies

6 Periods

20         80               100

4     

B.A.,LL.B. 404

Law of Contract - II 

 

6  Periods

20         80               100

5

B.A.,LL.B. 405

Family Law - II

 

6 Periods

20         80               100

 

 

B.A., LL.B. (5YDC) V SEMESTER

SCHEME OF INSTRUCTION AND SCHEME OF EXAMINATION

WITH EFFECT FROM 2009-2010

 

 

Sl. No.

Syllabus

Reference

No.

SUBJECT

Scheme of Instruction

_________

Periods

Per Week

Scheme of

Examination

 

Internal Assessment + UniversityExamination

= Total marks

1

B.A.,LL.B. 501

Criminal Law - I

6 Periods

20         80               100

2

B.A.,LL.B. 502

Constitutional Law - I

6 Periods

20         80               100

3

B.A.,LL.B. 503

Corporate Law - I

6 Periods

20         80               100

4     

B.A.,LL.B. 504

Environmental Law

6  Periods

20         80               100

5

B.A.,LL.B. 505

Law of Evidence

6 Periods

20         80               100

 

 

B.A., LL.B. (5YDC) VI SEMESTER

SCHEME OF INSTRUCTION AND SCHEME OF EXAMINATION

WITH EFFECT FROM 2009-2010

 

 

Sl. No.

Syllabus

Reference

No.

SUBJECT

Scheme of Instruction

_________

Periods

Per Week

Scheme of

Examination

 

Internal Assessment + UniversityExamination

= Total marks

1

B.A.,LL.B. 601

Criminal Law - II

6 Periods

20         80               100

2

B.A.,LL.B. 602

Constitutional Law – II

6 Periods

20         80               100

3

B.A.,LL.B. 603

Corporate Law – II

6 Periods

20         80               100

4     

B.A.,LL.B. 604

Jurisprudence

6  Periods

20         80               100

5

B.A.,LL.B. 605

Law of Property

6 Periods

20         80               100

 

 

B.A., LL.B. (5YDC) VII SEMESTER

SCHEME OF INSTRUCTION AND SCHEME OF EXAMINATION

WITH EFFECT FROM 2009-2010

 

Sl. No.

Syllabus

Reference

No.

SUBJECT

Scheme of Instruction

_________

Periods

Per Week

Scheme of

Examination

 

Internal Assessment + UniversityExamination

= Total marks

1

B.A.,LL.B. 701

Labour Law - I

6 Periods

20         80               100

2

B.A.,LL.B. 702

Public International Law

6 Periods

20         80               100

3

B.A.,LL.B. 703

Administrative Law

6 Periods

20         80               100

4     

B.A.,LL.B. 704

Law of Insurance

6  Periods

20         80               100

5

B.A.,LL.B. 705

Intellectual Property Law

6 Periods

20         80               100

 

 

B.A., LL.B. (5YDC) VIII SEMESTER

SCHEME OF INSTRUCTION AND SCHEME OF EXAMINATION

WITH EFFECT FROM 2009-2010

 

 

Sl. No.

Syllabus

Reference

No.

SUBJECT

Scheme of Instruction

_________

Periods

Per Week

Scheme of

Examination

 

Internal Assessment + UniversityExamination

= Total marks

1

B.A.,LL.B. 801

Labour Law - II

6 Periods

20         80               100

2

B.A.,LL.B. 802

Interpretation of Statutes

6 Periods

20         80               100

3

B.A.,LL.B. 803

Private International Law

6 Periods

20         80               100

4     

B.A.,LL.B. 804

Land Laws

6  Periods

20         80               100

5

B.A.,LL.B. 805

Citizenship and Emigration Law

6 Periods

20         80               100

 

 

B.A., LL.B. (5YDC) IX SEMESTER

SCHEME OF INSTRUCTION AND SCHEME OF EXAMINATION

WITH EFFECT FROM 2009-2010

 

Sl. No.

Syllabus

Reference

No.

SUBJECT

Scheme of Instruction

_________

Periods

Per Week

Scheme of

Examination

 

Internal Assessment +UniversityExamination

= Total marks

1

B.A.,LL.B. 901

Civil Procedure Code and

Law of Limitation

 

6 Periods

20         80               100

2

B.A.,LL.B. 902

Criminal Procedure Code, Law of Juvenile Justice and Probation of Offenders

 

6 Periods

20         80               100

3

B.A.,LL.B. 903

Law of Banking and Negotiable Instruments

 

6 Periods

20         80               100

4     

B.A.,LL.B. 904

Alternate Dispute Resolution

6  Periods

Theory + Practicals

 

50         50               100

5

B.A.,LL.B. 905

Professional Ethics and Professional Accounting System

 

6 Periods

Theory+

Practicals

 

50         50               100

 

B.A., LL.B. (5YDC) X SEMESTER

SCHEME OF INSTRUCTION AND SCHEME OF EXAMINATION

WITH EFFECT FROM 2009-2010

 

Sl. No.

Syllabus

Reference

No.

SUBJECT

Scheme of Instruction

_________

Periods

Per Week

Scheme of

Examination

 

Internal Assessment UniversityExamination

Total marks

1

B.A.,LL.B. 1001

Law of Taxation

 

6 Periods

20         80               100

2

B.A.,LL.B. 1002

Information Technology Law

 

6 Periods

20         80               100

3

B.A.,LL.B. 1003

Optional

(a) Law Relating to

      Women

(b) Human Rights Law

 

6 Periods

20         80               100

4     

B.A.,LL.B. 1004

Drafting, Pleadings and

Conveyancing

6  Periods

Theory + Practicals

 

Evaluation of

Practical                 100

Exercises

and viva-voce                               

5

B.A.,LL.B. 1005

Moot Courts, Observation of  Trial, Pre-trial Preparations and Internship

6 Periods

Theory+

Practicals

 

Evaluation of Moot Court Performance, Court Observation Record, Diary

and viva-voce         100

 


 

FACULTY OF LAW, OSMANIA UNIVERSITY

SYLLABUS OF B.A., LL.B. (5YDC) FIVE-YEAR INTEGRATED DEGREE COURSE

WITH EFFECT FROM 2009-2010

 

SEMESTER-I

PAPER-I:      ENGLISH–I

Unit-I:      Simple Sentences (One Clause) (their phrase structure)

                 (a)   Tense and concord

                 (b)   Noun Modifiers (Determiner, propositional phrases, clauses)

                 (c)   Basic transformations:           

                        (i) Passives (ii) Negatives (iii) Questions

Unit-II:  (a) Complex and Compound sentences (use of connectives); (b) Conditionals ;(c)            Reported Speech ; (d) Question-tags and short responses ; (e) Some common errors.

Unit-III:   Vocabulary (Communication skills) — (a) Legal terms and idiomatic expressions.

Unit-IV:   (a)   Reading Comprehensions (Principles and Practice); (b) Listening Comprehension.

Unit-V:    (i)    Paragraph writing; (ii) Formal correspondence; (iii) Note taking.

Suggested Readings:

     1.      Wren and Martin: English Grammar and Composition

     2.      J.E. Eroforn, Home Macmillan: Essay, Precis, Composition and Comprehension

     3.      T.E.Bery: The Most Common Mistakes in English

     4.      Ishtiaque Abidi: Law and Language

     5.      Central Institute of English: Indian Language Speech Reading

 

PAPER-II:     HISTORY

Unit-I:      Ancient Indian Cultural Heritage — Social — Political and in the area of Religious Philosophy (with special emphasis on the study of village republican of Ancient India.)

Unit-II:    Ancient Legal Systems: The Organization of Central Government in Ancient India — Decentralization and dispute resolution systems in Ancient India — Pre-Islamic period - Law in relation to culture.

Unit-III:   The advent of Islam — Interaction between Ancient Indian Cultural Heritage and Islamic Culture and the emergence of synthetic Indian Culture — Innovation by rulers of medieval period in the area of revenue administration — District administration -- Court system.

Unit-IV :  Impact of European Liberal Though on the Indian National Movement and Constitutional development in India up to 1947 — Study of Social Reform Movements in Modern India and its impact on Indian culture.

Unit-V:    Economic History of India during British Period.

Suggested Readings:

      1.    R.C. Majumdar & Chopra: Main Currents of Indian History

      2.    A.R.Desai: Social Background of Indian Nationalism, 1948.

      3.    K.K.Datta: Renaissance, Nationalism and Social Change in Modern India

      4.    Iswari Prasad: Medieval India

      5.    Altekar: State and Society in Ancient India

 

PAPER-III:   POLITICAL SCIENCE – I

Unit-I:      Political Theory: Nature of State — Theories of Origin of State — State as conceived by different Schools of Thought — Forms of Government — Constitution of Government.

Unit-II:    Main currents of Indian Political thought — Classical Hindu concept of the State — Islamic concept of State — Liberalism in India — Marxism in India — Gandhism and Sarvodaya in Indian Political thought.

Unit-III:   Conception of Political and Legal Sovereignty — The Totalitarian State — Conceptions of representation — Public opinion and participation.

Unit-IV:   Organization of Government — Unitary, Federal, Quasi-Federal and Confederal Constitutions and political organization— One party democracies — Military rule — Presidential and Parliamentary forms of Government with reference to India, U.K. and USA.

Unit-V:    The Legislature, Executive and Judiciary — the Doctrine of Separation of Powers — Parliamentary Sovereignty and Independence of Jjudiciary.

Suggested Readings:

     1.      H.Finer: Theory and Practice of Modern Management

     2.      Appadorai: Substance of Politics

     3.      Dunning: History of Political Thought

     4.      S.P.Varma: Modern Political Thought

     5.      H.J.Lasky: The State in Theory and Practice

     6.      R.C.Gettel: History of Political Thought

     7.      K.C.Wheare: Federal Government

PAPER-IV:   LEGAL LANGUAGE AND LEGAL WRITING

 

Unit-I :  The student shall be explained about reading for understanding the contents and organization of the text, reading for details and language study; vocabulary -  identification of sources of law and case law - use of legal dictionaries.

              For the above purpose a passage from referred law book, journal or judicial decision may be given. From the passage the student may be asked to

              a)   Identity legal terms;

              b)   Explain those terms;

              c)   Use equivalent other terms;

              d)  Search and Identify Case law by using Digests;

              e)   Analyse the point of law involved;

              f)   Answer the questions put based on that passage.

             

             Courts and hierarchy - Difference between Substantive and Procedural Law - Constitutional Law and other laws - Acts and Rules - Importance of specific terms in relevant enactments (about 10 terms like Damage and Damages, void and voidable, Compensation and Solatium).

Unit-II :Civil laws : Suit - Parties to the suit - Plaintiff and Defendant – Plaint - Cause of action – Jurisdiction: Territorial, Pecuniary and Subject-Matter -  Evidence : Oral and Documentary - Judgment - Decree - Execution - Attachment – Sale -  Arrest - Interlocutory Applications.

Unit-III :Criminal laws : Offence and its connotation - Wrongs against society and individuals - Economic Offences - Cognizable and Non-cognizable offences – Prosecution – Cognizance - Registration of cases - FIR - Arrest and Preventive Detention – Evidence – Bail – Remand - Custody (Judicial and Police) - Trial - Acquittal - Conviction - Sentence - Imprisonment - Fine - Probation of Offenders – Appeal - Suspension of sentence - juvenile offenders.

Unit-IV:Legal Writing: Pleadings – Plaint - Written Statement – Affidavit –Sale - Agreement of Sale - Power of Attorney - Legal Notice.

Unit-V:  Search of Legal Material - Identification of actual problem - Provisions of law applicable to the matter - Search of decided cases or commentaries of renowned authors - Art of using digests - Identification of decided cases, their analysis and application.

 

Suggested Readings:

    1)  Gary Slapper & David Kelly: Lecture Notes - English Language system, Cavendish Publishing Limited, Great Britain.

    2)  Glanville Williams: Learning the Law, Universal Law Publishing Co.Pvt. Ltd. Delhi.

    3)  P.Ramanatha Aiyer: The Law Lexicon with legal Maxims and words and Phrases, Wadhwa and Company, Nagpur.

    4)  Dr. S.C. Tripathi: Legal Language, Legal writing and General English, Central Law Publications.

 

PAPER-V:     History of Courts, Legislatures and
                        Legal Profession in India

Unit-I:    COURTS:

                 Administration of Justice in the Presidency Towns (1600-1773) and the development of courts and judicial institutions under the East India Company.

                 Warren Hastings’ Plan of 1772 and the Adalat System of Courts; Reforms made under the Plan of 1774 and reorganization in 1780.

                 Regulating Act of 1773 — The Supreme Court at Calcutta, its composition, power and functions and failure of the Court -- Act of 1781 - Supreme Court vis-a-vis Moffussil Courts.

                 Judicial measures of Cornwallis 1787, 1790, 1793 - Progress of Adalat System under Sir John Shore.

Unit-II:    Indian High Courts Act, 1861-     Conflicts arising out of the dual judicial system - Tendency for amalgamation of the two systems of Courts - the Indian High Courts Act, 1911 - the Government of India Act, 1915 - High Courts under the Government of India Act, 1935 - High Courts under the Indian Constitution.

                 Development of Rule of Law, Separation of Powers, Independence of                   

                 Judiciary -- Judicial Committee of Privy Council as a Court of Appeal to hear       

                 appeals from Indian decisions — Abolition of the jurisdiction of the Privy

                 Council to hear appeals from Indian decisions.

Unit-III:   LEGISLATURE:

                 Legislative authority of the East India Company under the Charter of Queen Elizabeth, 1600 -- Changes under the Regulating Act, 1773 --  Act of 1781 -- Act of 1813 --  Act of 1833 — Establishment of Legislature of an all India character in 1834.

Unit-IV: The Indian Council Act, 1861 — Central Legislative Council and its    

                composition, powers and functions.

 

                Government of India Act of 1900 — Government of India Act of 1919 —  

                Setting up of bicameral system of legislature at the Centre in place of Imperial   

                Council consisting of one House.

             The Government of India Act, 1935 -- the Federal Assembly and the Council of States, its composition, powers and functions — Legislative Assemblies in the Province.

             Law Reform and Law Commission.

Unit-V:LEGAL PROFESSION:

            Legal Profession in Pre-British India — Principles in ancient Indian system.

            Law practitioners in the Mayor's Courts established under the Charter of 1726.

            Organisation of Legal Profession under the Charter of 1874.

             Provision for enrolment of Advocates, Vakils and Attorneys under the Legal Practitioner's Act, 1853.

 

Suggested Readings:

      1.    Herbet Cowall: The History and Constitution of the Courts and Legislature Authorities in India, 1936.

      2.    M.Y. Pylee: Constitutional History of India, 1600-1950.

      3.    M.P. Jain: Outlines of Indian Legal History.

      4.    A.B. Keith: A Constitutional History of India, 1600-1935.

      5.   Rama Jois: Legal and Constitutional History.

 

SEMESTER-II

 

PAPER-I:   ENGLISH – II

Unit-I:      Vocabulary:

  1. Foreign words and phrases (Important Latin and English affixes)
  2. Certain set expressions and phrases
  3. One word substitution
  4. Words often confused

Unit-II:    Comprehension Skills:

  1. Common logical skills
  2. Comprehension of legal texts

 

Unit-III:   Composition of Skills:

  1. Use of cohesive devices (legal drafting)
  2. Precis-writing, summarising and briefing
  3. Brief-writing and drafting of reports
  4. Essay writing on topics of legal interest
  5. Varieties of sentence structures and verb patterns

Unit-IV:   Speech Training:

  1. Reading aloud (Knowledge of proper pauses)
  2. Key sounds, their discrimination and accent
  3. Consulting a pronouncing Dictionary

Unit-V:    Speech Making:

                 1. Rapid reading and debating exercises

                 2. Writing brief speeches like formally introducing a guest speaker,

                      introducing the themes/topics of a Seminar to the audience, proposing a  

                      vote of thanks, etc.

Suggested Readings:

     1.      M.K. Gandhi: The Law and Lawyers

     2.      Lord Denning: Due Process of Law (Parts-I, II and III)

     3.      Life: Legal Drafting

     4.      David Green: Contemporary English Grammar, Structure and Composition (Chapters XLI and XLII).

     5.      Asent:  Rhythm and Intonation of English, CIEFL.

 

PAPER-II:     POLITICAL SCIENCE – II

                        (Foundatios of POLITICAL OBLIGATION)

Unit-I:      Concept of Power, Authority and Legitimation.

Unit-II:    Legitimacy of power: The classical (Hobbes, Locke and Roousseau) and modern (Max Webber, Karl Marx and Durkheim) approaches to the notion of political obligation.

Unit-III:   Utilitarianism (both rule and act utilitarianism) as approaches to political obligation.      The problem of civil disobedience and political obligation with special reference to Gandhian and Neo-Gandhian thought.

Unit-IV:   The problem of obedience to unjust laws. Foundations of promissory and contractual liability.

Unit-V:    The problem of punishment: Use of force by State against the citizen (the basis of criminal sanction).

                 The contemporary origin of legitimation.

 

Suggested Readings:

     1.      Rajani Kothari - Democratic Policy and Social Change in India: Crisis and Opportunities, Allied Publishers, 1976.

     2.      Kari Lowernastein: Political Power and the Government Process

     3.      Nishet R.A.: The Sociological Tradition, 1967.

     4.      Bierstedt Robert: Power and Progress, 1974 (MC Graw - Hill)

     5.      Leiser: Liberty, Justice and Morals (Ch.12 - Civil Disobedience)

     6.      George Lich Theim: A Short History of Socialism, 1976.

     7.      Drench Green: Principles of Political Obligation and Political Theory.

 

PAPER-III: PSYCHOLOGY

 

Unit-I: Introduction: Definition and scope of Psychology - History of Psychology – Fields of Psychology - Schools of Psychology.

            Psychological methods: Research – Surveys – Observation - Case Study – Interview -Experimental Method.

            Biological Basis of Behaviour: The nervous system and the brain - our control center - Hormonal basis of behaviour - the major endocrine glands and their functions –Sensation and perception - Mechanisms of heredity - Chromosomes and genes –Influence of heredity and environment on behaviour.

Unit- II: Developmental Psychology: Freud’s psychosexual stages - Erikson’s psychological stages of development - Piaget’s Cognitive development - Developmental problems.

            Motivation and Emotion: Definition and function of Motives - The psychology of Motivation - Maslow’s theory of Motivation – Emotions - Definition and nature of emotions - types of emotions.

             Theories of Personality: Psychoanalytical approaches - Behaviouristic, Humanistic approaches and cognitive approaches.

 

Unit-III: Social Psychology: Definition - Social perception - Understanding Others-Definition and types of Groups - group behavior – Conformity.

            Attitudes – Definition - Distinctive features of attitudes.

             Nature and Origin of Prejudice - Techniques of reducing Prejudice - Persuasion - 

             Methods of persuasion – advertising.

             Human aggression - Social, Personal and Situational factors - Prevention and 

              Control of aggression.

Unit-IV: Communication – Definition - Nature and Types of communication - Barriers to effective communication.

            Conflict and management: Conflict - causes, management, resolution of conflict.

            Interpersonal skills.

            Abnormal psychology: Overview and classification into Mood disorders – Developmental disorders - Personality disorders - Dissociative disorders - Somatoform disorders.

 

Unit-V: Counselling – definition - nature and scope of counseling - need for and goals of counseling.

            Counselling process - Preparation for counseling - Pre-counselling interview - process of counseling - Physical setting - establishing the relationship - conducting counseling interview and termination of the counseling.           

             Counselling skills - Relational and Attending skills - Listening skills - Primary level empathy – genuineness - respect and concreteness.

            Ethical issues in Counselling - Confidentiality in the Counselling relationship - Transference and the Counselling relationship – Competence, referral, client autonomy and client protection.

 

Suggested Readings:

  1. Spencer A. Rathus: Psychology - Principles in Practice,  Holt, Rinehart and Winston (1998)
  2. Atkinson & Hilgard: Introduction to Psychology, Thomson Wardsworth 14th Edition (2003).
  3. Baron, R.A, Psychology (5th Edition) Pearson Education Inc., New Delhi(2001)
  4. Baron, R.A & Byrne, D. Social Psychology (10th Edition) Pearson Education Inc., New Delhi (2006)
  5. Hurlock, E.B. Developmental Psychology – a life span approach    (1980).
  6. M.C. Graw Hill, InCarson, Abnormal Psychology, 13th Edition, Pearson Education, India.
  7. Nelson – Jones, R. The Theory and Practice of Counselling Psychology(1994)

 

 

 

PAPER-IV: LAW OF TORTS

Unit-I:      Nature of Law of Torts - Definition of Torts - Elements of Torts - Development of Law of Torts in England and India - Wrongful Act and legal damage - Damnum Sine Injuria and Injuria Sine Damnum - Tort distinguished from Crime and Breach of Contract - General Principles of tortuous liability  - Fault - Wrongful intent - Malice - Negligence - Liability without fault - Statutory liability.

Unit-II:  Parties to proceedings- General Defences – Vicarious liability - The Liability of State for Torts – Defence of Sovereign Immunity – Joint Liability –Liability of Joint Tortfeasors – Rule of Strict Liability (Rylands vs Fletcher) – Rule of Absolute Liability (MC Mehta vs. Union of India) – Occupiers liability.

Unit-III :     Specific Torts : Torts affecting persons - Assault - Battery - False Imprisonment - Malicious Prosecution - Nervous Shock. Torts affecting Immovable Property - Trespass to land - Nuisance - Public Nuisance and Private Nuisance - Torts relating to movable property

Unit-IV:Defamation - Negligence - Torts against Business Relations - Injurious falsehood- Negligent Misstatement - Passing off - Conspiracy - Torts affecting family relations.

Unit-V: Extinction of liability – Waiver and Acquiescence – Release – Accord and Satisfaction – Death. Death in relation to tort - Actio Personalis Moritur Cum Persona. Remedies - Judicial and Extra-judicial Remedies - Damages – Kinds of damages - Assessment of Damages - Remoteness of damage – Injunctions. Liability arising out of accidents (Relevant provisions of the Motor Vehicles Act).

 

Suggested Readings:

    1.  Winfield & Jolowicz : Law of Tort, XII edition, Sweet and Maxwell, London , 1984.

    2.  Salmond and Heuston : Law of Torts, XX edition, 2nd Indian reprint, Universal Book traders, New Delhi,1994.

    3.  Ramaswamy Iyer: The Law of Torts, VII edition (Bombay, 1995).

    4.  Achutan Pillai: Law of Tort, VIII edition, Eastern Book Company, Luncknow, 1987.

    5.  Durga Das Basu: The Law of Torts, 10th edition, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 1998.

    6.   Ratan Lal & Dhirajlal: The Law of Torts, 22nd edition, Wadhwa & Company Nagpur, 1992.

    7.  R.K.Bangia: Law of Torts, 14th edition, Allahabad Law Agency, Allahabad, 1999.

    8.  J.N.Pandey: Law of Torts, 1st edition Central Law Publications, Allahabad, 1999.

    9.   Vivienne Harpwood: Law of Torts, 1st edition, Cavandish Publishing Ltd. London, 1993.

    10.Hepple & Mathews: Tort - Cases and Materials, 2nd edition   

          Butterworth, London, 1980.

    11.The Motor Vehicles Act.

 

PAPER-V:  CONSUMER PROTECTION LAW

Unit – I   :   Consumer Protection Movement– Historical Perspectives –

                    Consumer Protection Movement in modern times – Emergence

                     of Consumer Organizations, Consumer Associations and Consumer Action

                    Groups - Position in India, USA and U.K. – Evolution of Consumer

                    Protection law - Position in Common Law – Liability for

                    Negligence and injurious falsehood – Product Liability.

 

Unit- II:     U.N. Guidelines on Consumer Protection – Constitution and Consumer

                    Protection – Problems of Consumers - Consumer Protection under    

                    various statutes in  India – The Agricultural Produce (Grading and

                    Marking) Act, Bureau   of Indian Standards Act – MRTP Act - Essential  

                    Commodities Act – Competition Act -Trademarks Act– Prevention of Food

                    Adulteration Act - Food Safety and Standards Act – Sale of Goods Act –

                    Standards of Weights and Measures Act – Drugs and Cosmetics Act etc.

 

Unit- III:     The Consumer Protection Act, 1986 – Aims and Objectives – Salient

                    features - Rights of Consumers - Definition of Consumer, Consumer  

                    Dispute, Service, Defect in Goods, Deficiency in Services, Uunfair Trade

                    Practices and Restrictive Trade Practices – Consumer and Public Utility

                    Services, Professional Services – Liability of Doctors and Hospitals in

                    Medical Profession – Control of Unfair Trade Practices.

 

Unit- IV:    Consumer Protection Mechanism under the C.P. Act – District

                   Forum, State Commission and National Commission – Their composition,

                   Jurisdiction, procedure and powers - Consumer Protection Councils.

 

Unit – V:    Remedies under the C.P. Act - Remedies under other Laws – Appeals and

                   Revision- Vexatious and frivolous complaints – Procedure for filing a

                   consumer dispute – Offences against Consumers – Criminal Responsibility –

                   Effectiveness of penal sanctions.

 

 Suggested Readings:

 

1. P. Leelakrishnan (edited), Consumer Protection and Legal Control (Lucknow, Eastern

                                              Book Company

2. Avtar Singh, Law of Consumer Protection: Principles and Practice (Lucknow, Eastern

                                     Book Company, 1997)

3.  R. M. Vats, Consumer and the Law (Delhi, Universal Book Traders, 1994)

4.  D. N. Saraf, Law of Consumer Protection in India (Bombay, Tripathi, 1995)

5.  Indian Law Institute, A Treatise on Consumer Protection laws (2004)

6. G.B.Reddy, Law of Consumer Protection in India, (Gogia Law Agency, Hyderabad,                                                                                                                           

                                                                                                           1999)

 

 

SEMESTER - III

 

PAPER-I: SOCIOLOGY-I

 

1.         (a) Sociology – Definition, origin, nature and scope of the subject

            (b) Sociology as a science - Data, concepts and theory

            (c)   Methods and techniques used in Social Research

            (d) Sociology and other Social Sciences – Relation with History, Psychology, Economics, Political Science etc.

2.         Basic Concepts in Sociology:

            (a)  Society, Community, Association and Institutions

            (b)   Structure and Function

            (b) Status and Role

            (c)   Norms and Values

            (d)  Socialisation, Culture and Social Processes

3.         Social Institutions:

            (a)   Marriage, Family and Kinship

            (b)  Economic Institutions

            (c)   Political Institutions

            (d)  Religious Institutions

            (e)   Educational Institutions

4.         Social Stratification — Caste and class

5.         Social control, order and stability

6.         Coercion, Conflict and Change

7.         Sociology as discipline

8.         Law and Society, Sociology of Law, Sociology of Legal Profession

 

Suggested Readings:

     1.     T.B. Botomore: Sociology, A Guide to Problems and Literature, London Allen and Unwin 1962.

     2.     Hary M. Johnson: Sociology -A  Systematic Instruction

     3.     Sharma: Sociology

     4.     MacIver and Page : Sociology

     2.     Peter Worsley et al: Introducing Sociology, Harmondsworth, Penguin Books

                                                                                                                     1970.

 

PAPER-II:     POLITICAL SCIENCE – III
                       (International Relations & Organisations)

Unit-I:      World Community: Sovereign States — Transnational political parties — Transnational non-official organisation such as the Churches, Multinational Corporations, Scientific, Cultural and other organisations.

Unit-II :   Components of National Power, Population, Economic organisation, Technology and Military force, Limitations on National Power; International morality, public opinion, International law, fear of violence and destruction, War with conventional and nuclear weapons.

Unit-III :  Major source of conflicts, East and West, North and South rivalries, territorial claims, resources, population migrations, International Trade balance of payments and protectionism.

Unit-IV :  Avoidance of War and Facilitation of Peaceful Change: Alliance and balance of power approach; Collective security and disarmament and diplomacy and peaceful resolution of conflicts by Negotiation, Mediation, Conciliation, Arbitration and Judicial settlements and recourse to international organisation; the cultural approach and the UNESCO; Promotion of international co-operation and the functional approach; the specialised agencies. The case for and against World Government.

Unit-V:    Inter-governmental organisations and their constituent instruments; the special features of the ILO and international financial institutions. The United Nations and its principal organs- the relationship between the United Nations and its principal organs - the relationship between the United Nations and regional organizations -  Specialised agencies -  International non-governmental organisations.

 

Suggested Readings:

     1.     D.W. Bowett: International Institutions

     2.     Verson Van Dyke: International Politics

     3.     Palmer and Parking: International Relations

     4.     E.H. Hentmen: The Relations of Nations

     5.     Quincy Wright: Study of International Relations

     6.     Hans Morgenthau: Politics among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace

 

PAPER-III:   ECONOMICS –I (General Principles)

Unit-I:      Economics as a Science and its relevance to Law — Economics as a basis of Social Welfare and Social Justice — Free Enterprise — Planned Economies and Mixed Economies.

Unit-II:    General Principles of Economics: Demand and Supply — Business Organisations — Labour and Wages — Capital and Money — Savings — Consumption — Investment.

Unit-III:   Markets — Determination of Prices — International comparisons of development strategies and experiences — Theories of economic growth and problems of development.

Unit-IV:   Control of Monopolies and Prevention of economic concentration — Monopolies — Monopolistic competition — Oligopoly.

Unit-V:    Banking and Fiscal Policy: Resource mobilization and fiscal resources — Taxation — The Role of Credit and Banking system — Rural Money Markets — International Financial Institutions — Technology and Economic growth.

Suggested Readings:

     1.     Alfred W.Stonier and Douglas C. Hague : The Essentials of Economics  (London,

                                                                                  1955).

     2.     Economics-An Introductory Analysis (International Students Edition) 1961.

     3.     Fredrlute Lewis: Theory of Economic Growth , India Publishing House (1970).

     4.     C.T.Kurien: Planning, Poverty and Social Transformation , 1926.

     5.     M.Dipton: Why Poor people stay poor Urban Bias in World Development, 1980.

     6.     Myrdal, Gunnar: The Challenge of World Poverty, 1971. 

     7.     Mahbub Ul Haq: The Poverty: Certain Choices for the Third World, 1976.

     8.     Councill, Cambell : Economics (New York: Mc. Graw Hill Mark CB )

 

 

Paper-IV:  LAW OF CONTRACT–I        

 

Unit-I :     Definition and essentials of a valid Contract - Definition and essentials of a valid Offer - Definition and essentials of valid Acceptance - Communication of Offer and Acceptance - Revocation of Offer and Acceptance through various modes including electronic medium - Consideration - salient features - Exception to consideration - Doctrine of Privity of Contract - Exceptions to the privity of contract - Standard form of Contract.

Unit-II :Capacity of parties - Effect of Minor's Agreement - Contracts with insane persons and persons disqualified by law - Concepts of Free Consent - Coercion - Undue influence - Misrepresentation - Fraud - Mistake - Lawful Object - Immoral agreements and various heads of public policy - illegal agreements - Uncertain agreements  - Wagering agreements - Contingent contracts - Void and Voidable contracts.

Unit-III:      Discharge of Contracts - By performance - Appropriation of payments - Performance by joint promisors - Discharge by Novation - Remission - Accord and Satisfaction - Discharge by impossibility of performance (Doctrine of Frustration) - Discharge by Breach - Anticipatory Breach - Actual breach.

Unit-IV :     Quasi Contract - Necessaries supplied to a person who is incapable of entering into a contract - Payment by an interested person - Liability to pay for non-gratuitous acts -  Rights of finder of lost goods - Things delivered by mistake or coercion - Quantum meruit - Remedies for breach of contract - Kinds of damages - liquidated and unliquidated damages and penalty - Duty to mitigate.

Unit-V :Specific Relief - Recovering possession of property - Specific performance of the contract - Rectification of instruments - Rescission of contracts - Cancellation of instruments - Declaratory Decrees - Preventive Relief - Injunctions - Generally - Temporary and Perpetual injunctions - Mandatory & Prohibitory injunctions - Injunctions to perform negative agreement.

 

Suggested Readings:

    1. Anson: Law of Contract, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1998.

    2.  Krishnan Nair: Law of Contract , S.Gogia & Co., Hyderabad 1995.

    3.  G.C.V. Subba Rao: Law of Contract, S.Gogia & Co., Hyderabad 1995.

    4.   T.S.Venkatesa Iyer: Law of Contract, revised by Dr. Krishnama Chary,

          S. Gogia & Co.

     5.    Avtar Singh: Law of Contract , Eastern Book Company, Lucknow, 1998.

 

 

PAPER-V: FAMILY LAW–I (Hindu Law) 

 

Unit-I :  Sources of Hindu Law – Scope and application of Hindu Law – Schools of Hindu Law - Mitakshara and Dayabhaga Schools – Concept of Joint Family, Coparcenary, Joint Family Property and Coparcenary Property – Institution of Karta-  Powers and Functions of Karta - Pious Obligation - Partition – Debts and alienation of property.

Unit-II :Marriage - Definition - Importance of institution of marriage under Hindu Law – Conditions of Hindu Marriage – Ceremonies and Registration – Monogamy – Polygamy.

Unit-III: MatrimonialRemedies under the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 - Restitution of Conjugal Rights – Nullity of marriage – Judicial separation – Divorce – Maintenance pendente lite – importance of conciliation.

Unit-IV:Concept of Adoption - Law of Maintenance - Law of Guardianship -  Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act, 1956 – Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act 1956.

Unit-V :Succession – Intestate succession – Succession to the property of Hindu Male and Female; Dwelling House – Hindu Succession Act, 1956 as amended by the Hindu Succession (Andhra Pradesh Amendment) Act, 1986 & the Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act, 2005 – Notional Partition – Classes of heirs – Enlargement of limited estate of women into their absolute estate.

Suggested Readings:

    1.   Paras Diwan : Modern Hindu Law, 13th Edition 2000, Allahabad

         Agency, Delhi.

    2.   Paras Diwan : Family Law, 1994 Edition, Allahabad Agency, Delhi.

    3.   Mayne: Hindu Law - Customs and Usages, Bharat Law House, New

         Delhi.

  1.  Sharaf: Law of Marriage and Divorce, 1999.

 

 

SEMESTER-IV

PAPER-I:      SOCIOLOGY – II

Unit-I:      The Study of Indian Society: The Development of Indian Society - Unity and Diversity — Continuity and Change --   Ancient, Medieval and Modern – Rural and Urban Characteristics.

Unit-II:    Indian as Plural Society: Varieties of Cultural Diversities — Linguistic Religious, Political, Economic and Cultural Communities.

Unit-III:   Major Institutions of Indian Society — Family —Marriage -- Caste — Village — Tribe and Caste in the Traditional Order — Caste and Class in contemporary India — the backward classes.

Unit-IV:   Indian Cultural values and developments — Impact of Muslims and British cultures.

Unit-V:    Trend of change in Indian Society — Rural and Urbanization — Industrialization — Modernization — Globalization.

Suggested Readings:

     1.     N.K.Bose: The Structure of Hindu Society, New Delhi, Orient Longman, 1975.

     2.     Andre Beteille: The Backward Classes and the New Social Order, Delhi,                                             Oxford University Press, 1981.

     3.     G.S.Gurye : Caste, Class and Occupation

     4.     Peter Worisely: Total introducing Sociology harmondsworth, Pengujin Books,

                                                                                                   1970.

     5.     Romesh Thappar (ed): Tribe, Caste and Religion in India, New Delhi, Macmillan,

                                                                          1977.

     6.     A.R. Desai: Rural Sociology

     7.     M.N. Srinivas: Caste in Modern India

     8.     M.N. Srinivas: Social Change in Modern India

     9.     Odhum and Meinkoff: A Hand Book of Sociology

     10.   K.M.Kapadeia : Marriage and Family India

     11.   Government of India Publication: Social Legislation

     12.   Prabhu: Hindu Social Organization

     13.   Kindsley Davis: Human Society

     14.   David G.Madelmanm: Society in India, Bombay, Popular Prakasham, 1972.

     2.     Harvy, Johnson: Sociology — A Systematic Introduction

     3.     Mac Iver and Page, Society

 

PAPER-II:     ECONOMICS – II
                       (Indian Economics)

Unit-I:      Indian economy — Trends: Trends in population growth - Estimation of national income in India - Post Independence Economic Policies in India - Trends and inter regional variations in the incidence of rural poverty - Unemployment and employment generation schemes - Labour productivity and wages.

Unit-II:    Planning:Planning process - Priorities between agriculture and industry - Deficit financing - Choice of technology - Pricing.

Unit-III :  Agriculture:Basic characteristics of the economy and its transformation since independence - Evolution of agrarian relations, integrated rural development - Commercialisation of Agriculture - Economics of farm management - Agricultural credit - Role of capital formation, credit and banking system.

Unit-IV:   Industry:Large, Medium and Small Scale Industries - The role of Public, Private and Joint Sectors - Regulation of the Private Corporate Sector (controls, licences and quotas) – Anti Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Regulation - Labour Relations.

Unit-V:    Trade policy and foreign investment: Import Substitution and Export Promotion - International Investment - International Aid - International Corporations - Trends in New Economic Order.

 

Suggested Readings:

     1.      Ruddar Datt Sundaram: Indian Economy

     2.      Misra and Puri: Indian Economy

     3.      A.N. Agrawala: Indian Economics

     4.      V.Y. Gupta: Working at Stock Exchanges in India

     5.      S. Ghatak: Rural Money Markets in India

     6.      P.K. Chaudhri: The Indian Economy, Poverty and Development

     7.      Lakshmi Narain: Principles and Practice of Public Enerprise Management

     8.      Mahbub Ul Haq: The Poverty: Certain Choices for the Third World

     9.      H.W. Singer & J.S. Ansari: Rich and Poor Countries

     10.    L.N. Rangarajan: Commodity Conflict - The Political Economy of International Commodity Negotiations

     11.    V. Gauri Shanker: Taming the Giants (Multinational Corporations in India)

     12.    L. Livingstone: Economic Policy for Development

     13.    P.C. Joshi: Land Reforms in India

 

PAPER-III:   ENVIRONMENTAL Studies

Unit-I:      Environmental Studies: Introduction - Definition, Scope and Importance - Basic principle of ecosystem functioning - Concept of ecosystem, structure and functioning of ecosystem, introduction and characteristic features, structures and functions, different ecosystems.

              Biodiversity and its conservation: Introduction - Bio-geographical classification of India. Value of biodiversity - consumptive and predictive use, social, ethical and optional values. Biodiversity - Global, National and local levels. Hot spots of biodiversity - Threats to biodiversity - Endangered and endemic species of India - Conservation of biodiversity - In-situ and Ex-situ conservant.

Unit-II:  Environmental and Natural Resources: Forest resources - Use and over-exploitation, Deforestation, Timber extraction, Mining and dams - their effects on forests and tribal people. Water resources - Use and over-utilization of surface and ground water, floods, droughts, conflicts over water, dams - effects of extracting and using mineral resources. Food resources - World food problems -  change caused by agricultural and overgrazing, effects of modern agricultural fertilizer pesticide problems, water logging and salinity.

             

              Environmental Valuation: Welfare measure and environmental values, definition and classification of environmental values, valuation methods.

             

              Environmental Economics: Economic approach to environmental preservation and conservation, property rights and externalities, management of natural resources.

Unit-III:Environmental Pollution: Causes, effects and control measures of air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, marine pollution, noise pollution.

              Environmental Problems in India: Effects of human activities on the quality of life, Water and River, Ground water, Wasteland reclamation.

Unit-IV:Regional and Sectoral Issues: Urbanization, Agro-forestry, Dry lands, Goods and services, Mountain development, River basin water resources management, sustainable tourism, and Costal zone management.

              Environment and Development: The economy and environment interaction, State of the Environment - Economics of development, preservation and conservation. Sustainability: Theory and Practice, Equitable use of resources for sustainable life styles - Role of an individual in prevention of pollution.

              Human Population and the Environment: Population growth and environment - Human Rights.

Unit-V:  Social Issues and the Environment: Sustainable Development - Resettlement and rehabilitation of people and its problems and concerns.

              Environmental ethics: Issues and possible solutions-Consumerism and waste products - Public awareness.

              Sustainable resources management.

              Design of Environmental Policy — Direct regulation by Government - Command and control instrumentation.

Suggested Readings:

    1.B. Sudhakara Reddy, (Member, Expert Committee on Environment Indra Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai): Environmental Studies — For Undergraduate Course (non-engineering stream) Department of Higher Education, Hyderabad.

    2.C.Manohar Chary and P.Jayaram Reddy: Principles of Environmental Studies. B.S. Publications, Hyderabad

    3.Y.Anjaneyulu: Introduction to Environmental Science. B.S. Publications, Hyderabad

    4.P.D. Sharma: Ecology and Environment, Rastogi Publications, Meerut

    5.A.P. Rao and Ch. Rajaiah: Paryavaran Shastram( in Telugu), Sunil Book Service, Warangal

 

PAPER – IV: LAW OF CONTRACT–II                                     

 

Unit-I :     Indemnity and Guarantee - Contract of Indemnity, definition - Rights of Indemnity holder - Liability of the indemnified - Contract of Guarantee - Definition of Guarantee - Essential characteristics of Contract of Guarantee - Distinction between Indemnity and Guarantee - Kinds of Guarantee - Rights and liabilities of Surety - Discharge of surety. Contract of Bailment - Definition of bailment - Essential requisites of bailment - Kinds of bailment - Rights and duties of bailor and bailee - Termination of bailment - Pledge - Definition of pledge - Rights and duties of Pawnor and Pawnee - Pledge by non-owner.

Unit-II:    Contract of Agency - Definition of Agent - Creation of Agency - Rights and duties of Agent - Delegation of authority - Personal liability of agent - Relations of principal and agent with third parties - Termination of Agency.

Unit-III:   Contract of Sale of Goods - Formation of contract - Subject matter of sale - Conditions and Warranties - Express and implied conditions and warranties - Pricing - Caveat Emptor.

Unit-IV :  Property - Possession and Rules relating to passing of property - Sale by non-owner - Nemo dat quad non habet - Delivery of goods - Rights and duties of seller and buyer before and after sale - Rights of unpaid seller - Remedies for breach.

Unit-V :   Contract of Partnership - Definition and nature of partnership - Formation of partnership- Test of partnership - Partnership and other associations - Registration of firm - Effect of non-registration - Relations of partners - Rights and duties of partners - Property of firm - Relation of partners to third parties - Implied authority of partners - Kinds of partners - Minor as partner - Reconstitution of firm - Dissolution of firm.

Suggested Readings:

     1.     Anson's Law of Contract, 25th Ed. 1998, Oxford University Press, London.

     2.     Venkatesh Iyyer: The Law of Contracts and Tenders, Gogia & Company Hyderabad.

     3.     Cheshire & Fifoot: Law of Contract, Butterworth, London, 1976.

     4.     Mulla: The Indian Contract Act, N.M.Tripathi (P) Ltd. Bombay, 1984.

     5.     G.C.V. Subba Rao: Law of Contracts, S. Gogia & Co., Hyderabad, 1995.

     6.     Krishnan Nair: Law of Contracts, S. Gogia & Co. Hyderabad, 1995.

     7.     Avtar Singh: Law of Contracts, Eastern Book Company, Lucknow, 1998.

     8.     A Ramaiah's Saleof Goods Act, 4th Ed. 1998, The Law Book Co., Allahabad.

     9.     Benjamin's Saleof Goods, 1st Ed. 1978, Sweet & Maxwell, London.

     10.   P.S.Atiyah: Saleof Goods Act, 9th Ed. 1997, Universal Book Traders, Delhi.

     11.   Chales D.Drale: Law of Partnership 3rd Ed. 1983, Sweet & Maxwell, London.

     12.   Bowstead On Agency, 15th Ed. 1985, Sweet and Maxwell, London.

 

 

 

PAPER – V: FAMILY LAW-II     (Muslim Law and Other Personal Laws)

 

Unit-I :     Origin and development of Muslim Law - Sources of Muslim Law - Schools of Muslim Law - Difference between the Sunni and Shia Schools – Sub-schools of Sunni Law - Operation and application of Muslim Law - Conversion to Islam - Effects of conversion - Law of Marriage, nature of Muslim Marriage - Essential requirements of valid Marriage - Kinds of Marriages -  distinction between void, irregular and valid marriage - Dower (Mahr) -  Origin, nature and importance of dower, object of dower and classification of dower.

Unit-II:    Divorce - Classification of divorce - different modes of Talaq - Legal consequences of divorce - Dissolution of Muslim Marriage Act, 1939 -  Maintenance, Principles of maintenance, Persons entitled to maintenance -  The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act, 1986 - Effect of conversion on maintenance and difference between Shia and Sunni Law.         

Unit-III:   Parentage - Maternity and Paternity - Legitimacy and acknowledgment - Guardianship - Meaning - Kinds of guardianship - Removal of guardian - Difference between  Shia and Sunni Law. Gift - Definition of Gift - Requisites of valid gift - Gift formalities - Revocation of gift - Kinds of gift. Wills - Meaning of Will - Requisites of valid Will - Revocation of Will - Distinction between Will and Gift - Difference between Shia and Sunni Law.

Unit-IV :  Waqf _ Definition - Essentials of Waqf - Kinds of Waqf – Creation of  Waqf -  - Revocation of Waqf - Salient features of the Waqf Act, 1995 – Mutawalli -  Who can be Mutawalli - Powers and duties of Mutawalli - Removal of Mutawalli and Management of Waqf property. Succession - Application of the property of a deceased Muslim - Legal position of heirs as representatives - Administration - Waqf Tribunals and Jurisdiction.

Unit-V :   Special Marriage Act, 1954 - Salient features of Indian Divorce Act, 1869 - Domicile - Maintenance to dependents/ Spouses - Intestate succession of Christians under the Indian  Succession  Act, 1925.

 

Suggested Readings:

     1.   Tahir Mahmood: The Muslim Law of India, 1980, Law Book Company,

          Allahabad.

    2.   Aquil Ahmed: Text Book of Mohammadan Law, 5th Edition 1992, Central Law Agency, Allahabad.

    3.   Prof. G.C.V. Subba Rao: Family Law in India, 6th Edition, 1993, S.Gogia & Company, Hyderabad.

    4.   Asaf A.A.Fyzee: Outlines of Mohammadan Law, 4th Edition, 1999, Oxford University Press, Delhi.

    5.   Mulla: Principles of Mohammedan Law.

    6.   Paras Divan: Family Law (Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Parsi and Others), Allahabad Law Agency, Allahabad.

    7.   M.A. Qureshi: Text Book on Muslim Law, 1st Edition, 1997, Central Law Publications, Allahabad.

    8.   Hidyatullah :Mulla Principles of Mohammadan Law, 19th Edition, 1993,  4th reprint N.M. Tripati Pvt. Ltd., Bombay

    9.   Tandon M.P.: Muslim Law in India, 10th Edition, 1996, Allahabad Law Agency, Allahabad.

     10.   Prasad V.: The Indian Succession Act,  1982, Allahabad Law Agency, Allahabad

 

 

SEMESTER-V

PAPER-I:  CRIMINAL LAW-I

Unit-I

Meaning of Crime - Essential elements of Crime – Crime and Tort - Crime and Breach of Contract – Stages of Crime - Historical Background of Indian Penal Code - Territorial operation of the Code - Punishment of Offences committed beyond India - Extra-territorial operation of the Code.

Unit-II

 

General Explanations – Punishments - General Exceptions - Abetment - Criminal Conspiracy

Unit-III

Offences against the State – Offences relating to Army, Navy and Air force - Offences against Public Tranquility

 

Unit-IV

Offences by or Relating to Public Servants - Offences Relating to Elections - Contempt of the Lawful Authority of Public Servants.

Unit-V

False Evidence - Offences against Public Justice - Offences relating to Coin and Government Stamps - Offences relating to Weights and Measures - Offences relating to Public Health, Safety, Convenience, decency and Morals - Offences relating to Religion

 

Suggested Readings:

     1.     Ratan Lal and Dhiraj Lal: Indian Penal Code, Wadhwa & Co., 2000

     2.     Achutan Pillai: Criminal Law, Butterworth Co., 2000.

     3.     Gour K.D.: Criminal Law - Cases and Materials, Butterworth Co., 1999.

     4.     Kenny's: Outlines of Criminal Law, (1998 Edition).

     5.   O.P.Srivastava: General Principles of Criminal Law

 

PAPER-II:  CONSTITUTIONAL LAW-I

Unit-I

Constitution-Meaning and Significance - Evolution of Modern Constitutions -Classification of Constitutions-Indian Constitution - Historical Perspectives - Government of India Act, 1919 - Government of India Act, 1935 - Drafting of Indian Constitution - Role of Drafting Committee of the Constituent Assembly

 

 Unit-II

Nature and Salient Features of Indian Constitution - Preamble to Indian Constitution - Union and its Territories-Citizenship - General Principles relating to Fundamental Rights(Art.13) - Definition of State

 

Unit-III

Right to Equality(Art.14-18) – Freedoms and Restrictions under Art.19 - Protection against Ex-post facto law - Guarantee against Double Jeopardy - Privilege against Self-incrimination - Right to Life and Personal Liberty - Right to Education – Protection against Arrest and Preventive Detention

 

Unit-IV

Rights against Exploitation - Right to Freedom of Religion - Cultural and Educational Rights - Right to Constitutional Remedies - Limitations on Fundamental Rights(Art.31-A,B and C)

 

Unit-V

Directive Principles of State Policy – Significance – Nature – Classification -  Application and Judicial Interpretation - Relationship between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles - Fundamental Duties – Significance - Judicial Interpretation

 

Suggested Readings:

1. M.P.Jain, Indian Constitutional Law, Wadhwa & Co, Nagpur

2. V.N.Shukla, Constitution of India, Eastern Book Compamy, Lucknow

3. Granville Austin, Indian Constitution-Cornerstone of a Nation, OUP, New Delhi

4. H.M.Seervai, Constitutional Law of India (in 3 Volumes), N.M.Tripathi, Bombay

5. G.C.V.Subba Rao, Indian Constitutional Law, S.Gogia & Co., Hyderabad

6. B.Shiva Rao: Framing of India’s Constitution (in 5 Volumes), Indian Institute of

                          Public Administration, New Delhi

7. J.N.Pandey, Constitutional Law of India, Central Law Agency, Allahabad

 

PAPER-III: CORPORATE LAW-I

Unit- I

Corporate Personality - General Principles of Company Law - Nature and Definition of Company - Private Company and Public Company - Characteristics of a Company - Different kinds of Company - Registration & Incorporation of Company - Lifting the Corporate Veil – Company distinguished from Partnership and HUF.

 

Unit – II

 Promoters - Memorandum of Association -  Doctrine of Ultravires - Articles of Association -  Doctrine of Indoor Management -  Prospectus -  Civil and Criminal liability for misstatement in prospectus - Statement in lieu of Prospectus - Pre-incorporation Contracts -   Membership in a Company -  Borrowing  Powers – Debentures & Charges.

 

Unit- III

Shares & Stock - Kinds of shares - Statutory restrictions on allotment of shares - Intermediaries – Call on shares for future of shares- Transfer of shares – Transmission of shares – Reduction on transfer of shares -  Rectification of register on transfer - Certification and issue of certificate of transfer of shares - Limitation of time for issue of certificates - Object and effect of share certificate.

 

Unit – IV

 Directors – Position of Directors - Different kinds of Directors -  Appointment, position , qualifications and disqualifications, powers of Directors - Rights and Duties of Directors -  Registers -  Directors’ liabilities -   Manager,  Secretary,  Sole selling agents, Managing agents, Other Managerial Personnel - Meetings and proceedings -  kinds of meetings -  Statutory meeting-  Statutory report -  Annual General Meeting -  Extraordinary meeting -  Power of the Tribunal to order meeting -  class meetings -  Requisites for a valid meeting -  Chairman for meetings -  Duties of Chairman -  Proxy -  Resolutions – Minutes.

 

Unit – V

Accounts and Audit -  Inspection and Investigation - Compromises, Reconstruction and Amalgamation -  Majority rule and Rights of minority share holders -  Prevention of oppression and mismanagement - Revival and rehabilitation of sick industrial companies - Mergers, Amalgamation and Takeover -  Dissolution of a company – Winding up –Modes of winding up - Procedure of winding up – Official liquidator -  powers and duties of the liquidator – Consequences of winding up of a company – Winding up of  Unregistered  and Foreign Companies - Defunct company. Department of Company Affairs - NCLAT, NCLT, Company Law Board, Regional Directors, ROC, Public Trustee or Advisory Committee - Court - Producer Companies.

 

Suggested Readings: 

 1.  J.M. Thomson: Palmer’s Company Law

 2.  Gower: Principles of Modern Company Law

 3.  Avatar Singh: Principles of Company Law

 4.  A. Ramaiya : Guide to Companies Act.

 5.  J.C. Verma :Corporate Mergers, Amalgamations

 6.  A.M. Chakraborthi: Company Notices, Meetings and Resolutions

 7.  L.V.V.Iyer : Guide to Company Directors

 8.  S.M. Shah : Lectures on Company Law

 9.  Dr. N.V. Paranjape: Company Law 4th edition Central Law Agency, 2007

10. Dr. S.C. Tripathi :  Modern Company Law, Second edition , 2006

 

 

PAPER – IV: ENVIRONMENTAL LAW

Unit-I    The meaning and definition of environment – Ecology - Ecosystems-Biosphere - Biomes - Ozone depletion - Global Warning - Climatic changes - Need for the preservation, conservation and protection of environment - Ancient Indian approach to environment- Environmental degradation and pollution - Kinds, causes and effects of pollution.

Unit-II   Common Law remedies against pollution - trespass, negligence, and theories of Strict Liability & Absolute Liability - Relevant provisions of  I.P.C. and Cr.P.C. and C.P.C., for the abatement of public nuisance in pollution cases - Remedies under Specific Relief Act - Reliefs against smoke and noise - Noise Pollution.

Unit-IIIThe law relating to the preservation, conservation and protection of forests, wild life and endangered species, marine life, coastal ecosystems and lakes etc. - Prevention of cruelty towards animals - The law relating to prevention and control of water pollution - Air Pollution - Environment pollution control mechanism - Law relating to environment protection – National Environmental Tribunal and National Environmental Appellate Authority.

Unit-IV:      Art. 48A and Art. 51A(g) of the Constitution of India - Right to wholesome environment - Right to development -  Restriction on freedom of trade, profession, occupation for the protection of environment - Immunity of Environment legislation from judicial scrutiny(Art.31C) - Legislative powers of the Centre and State Government -  Writ jurisdiction - Role of Indian Judiciary in the evolution of environmental jurisprudence.

Unit-V   International Environmental Regime - Transactional Pollution ­- State Liability - Customary International Law - Liability of Multinational Corporations/Companies - Stockholm Declaration on Human Environment, 1972 - The role of UNEP for the protection of environment - Ramsar Convention 1971 – Bonn Convention (Migratory Birds) 1992 -  Nairobi Convention, 1982 (CFCC) - Biodiversity Convention (Earth Summit), 1992 -  Kyoto Protocol 1997, Johannesburg Convention 2002.

Suggested Readings:

    1.   Paras Diwan: Studies on Environmental Cases.

     2.   S.N. Jain (ed.): Pollution Control and the Law.

     3.   Armin Rosencranzand Shyam Divan: Environmental Law and Policy in India.

     4.   A.Agarwal (ed.): Legal Control of Environmental Pollution

     5.   Chetan Singh Mehta: Environmental Protection and Law

     6.   V.K. Krishna Iyer: Environment Pollution and Law

     7.   Shah : Environmental Law

     8.   Paras Diwan : Environmental Law and  Policy in India,1991

     9.   Dr. N. Maheshwara Swamy, Environmental Law, Asia Law House, Hyderabad.

 

PAPER-V:     LAW OF EVIDENCE

    

Unit-I:      The Indian Evidence Act, 1872 — Salient features of the Act – Meaning and kinds of Evidence —Interpretation clause — May Presume, Shall presume and Conclusive proof - Fact, Fact in issue and Relevant facts —Distinction between Relevancy and Admissibility - Doctrine of Res Gestae — Motive, preparation and conduct — Conspiracy —When Facts not otherwise relevant become relevant — Right and custom — Facts showing the state of mind etc.

Unit-II :   Admissions & Confessions: General Principles concerning Admissions — Differences between "Admission" and "Confession" — Confessions obtained by inducement , threat or promise – Confessions made to police officer - Statement made in the custody of a police officer leading to the discovery of incriminating material — Admissibility of Confessions made by one accused person against co-accused.

                 Dying Declarations and their evidentiary value — Other Statements by persons who cannot be called as Witnesses — Admissibility of evidence of witnesses in previous judicial proceedings in subsequent judicial proceedings.

Unit-III : Relevancy of Judgments — Opinion of witnesses — Expert's opinion — Opinion on Relationship especially proof of marriage — Facts which need not be proved — Oral and Documentary Evidence -  General Principles concerning oral evidence and documentary evidence — Primary and Secondary evidence — Modes of proof of execution of documents — Presumptions as to documents — General Principles regarding Exclusion of Oral by Documentary Evidence.

Unit-IV: Rules relating to Burden of Proof - Presumption as to Dowry Death — Estoppel — Kinds of estoppel — Res Judicata, Waiver and Presumption.

Unit-V :   Competency to testify — Privileged communications -  Testimony of Accomplice — Examination in Chief, Cross examination and Re-examination — Leading questions — Lawful questions in cross examination — Compulsion to answer questions put to witness — Hostile witness — Impeaching the credit of witness — Refreshing memory — Questions of corroboration — Improper admission and rejection of evidence.

Suggested Readings:

     1.     Batuk Lal: The Law of Evidence, 13th Edition, Central Law Agency, Allahabad,

                              1998.

     2.     M. Munir: Principles and Digest of the Law of Evidence, 10th Edition (in 2 vols),                                             Universal Book Agency, Allahabad, 1994.

     3.     Vepa P. Saradhi: Law of Evidence 4th Edn. Eastern Book Co., Lucknow, 1989.

     4.     Avtar Singh: Principles of the Law of Evidence, 11th Edn. Central Law

                                                                                                       Publications.

     5.     V. Krishnama Chary: The Law of Evidence, 4th Edn. S.Gogia & Company,

                                                 Hyderabad.

 

SEMESTER-VI

 

PAPER-I: CRIMINAL LAW-II

Unit-I:    Offences Affecting Human Body - Culpable Homicide - Murder – Death caused    by Negligence - Causing of Miscarriage - Injuries to Unborn Children – Hurt - Simple and Grievous Hurt - Wrongful Restraint and Wrongful Confinement - Criminal Force and Assault – Kidnapping and Abduction - Slavery and Forced Labour - Sexual offences

 

Unit-II:    Offences against Property - Theft - Extortion - Robbery & Dacoity – Criminal Misappropriation of Property - Criminal Breach of Trust - Receiving Stolen Property – Cheating - Fraudulent Deeds and Dispositions of Property - Mischief - Criminal Trespass.

Unit-III:   Offences relating to Documents and Property Marks - Currency Notes and Bank Notes - Criminal Breach of Contracts of Service.

 

Unit-IV:   Offences relating to Marriage - Cruelty by husband or relative of husband.

 

Unit-V:  Defamation - Criminal Intimidation, Insult and Annoyance - Attempts to commit Offences.

                

Suggested Readings:

     1.     Ratan Lal and Dhiraj Lal: Indian Penal Code, Wadhwa & Co., 2000

     2.     Achutan Pillai: Criminal Law, Butterworth Co., 2000.

     3.     Gour K.D.: Criminal Law - Cases and Materials, Butterworth Co., 1999.

     4.     Kenny's: Outlines of Criminal Law, (1998 Edition).

 

PAPER-II:CONSTITUTIONAL LAW-II

 

Unit-I

Legislature under Indian Constitution - Union and State Legislatures - Composition, Powers, Functions and Privileges - Anti-Defection Law - Executive under Indian Constitution - President and Union Council of Ministers - Governor and State Council of Ministers - Powers and position of President and Governor

 

Unit-II

Judiciary under Constitution - Supreme Court - Appointment of Judges, Powers and Jurisdiction - High Courts - Appointment  and Transfer of Judges - Powers and Jurisdiction - Subordinate Judiciary -  Independence of judiciary - Judicial Accountability

 

Unit-III

Centre State Relations - Legislative, Administrative and Financial Relations - Cooperation and Coordination between the Centre and States - Judicial Interpretation of Centre-State Relations - Doctrines evolved by Judiciary

 

Unit-IV

Liability of State in Torts and Contracts - Freedom of Interstate Trade, Commerce and Inter course - Services under the State - All India Services - Public Service Commissions

 

Unit-V

Emergency – Need of Emergency Powers - Different kinds of Emergency - National, State and Financial emergency - Impact of Emergency on Federalism and Fundamental Rights - Amendment of Indian Constitution and Basic Structure Theory

 

Suggested Readings:

 

1. M.P.Jain, Indian Constitutional Law, Wadhwa & Co, Nagpur

2. V.N.Shukla, Constitution of India, Eastern Book Company, Lucknow

3. Granville Austin, Indian Constitution-Cornerstone of a Nation, OUP, New Delhi

4. H.M.Seervai, Constitutional Law of India (in 3 Volumes), N.M.Tripathi, Bombay

5. G.C.V.Subba Rao, Indian Constitutional Law, S.Gogia & Co., Hyderabad

6. B.Shiva Rao, Framing of India’s Constitution (in 5 Volumes), Indian Institute of

                          Public Administration, New Delhi

7. J.N.Pandey, Constitutional Law of India, Central Law Agency, Allahabad

6. B.Shiva Rao.Framing of India’s Constitution (in 5 Volumes), Indian Institute of Public

   Administration, New Delhi

7. J.N.Pandey, Constitutional Law of India, Central Law Agency, Allahabad

 

PAPER-III: CORPORATE LAW-II

UNIT – I

Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956 – Definition of Securities

Contracts – Meaning and Definition of Stock Exchange – Recognised Stock Exchange – Contracts and Captions in Securities – Listing of Securities – Penalties and Procedure – Securities Appellate Tribunal: Constitution, Powers and Functions -- Appeals against the orders of Securities Appellate Tribunal - Collective Investment Scheme – Title to Dividends.

 Unit – II 

Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992 - Definitions of Board, Collective Investment Scheme, Fund, Regulations & Securities -- Establishment of Securities and Exchange Board of India - Constitution, Powers and Functions of SEBI – Registration of Stock Brokers – Sub-brokers – Share Transfer Agents etc.- Prohibition of Manipulative and Deceptive Devices, Inside Trading and Substantial Acquisition of Securities or Control – Penalties and Adjudication – Appeals to Securities Appellate Tribunal – High Court and Supreme Court – Capital Markets Regulations.

 

Unit – III

 Depositories Act, 1996 - Definition of Depository Board and Beneficial Owner – Certificate of Commencement of Business – Rights and Obligations of Depositories, Participants, Issuers and Beneficial Owners – Enquiry and Inspection – Penalties – appeals.

 

 

 Unit – IV

Competition Act, 2002 - Applicability of the Act – Definitions – Prohibition of certain agreements – Abuse of dominant position and Regulation of combinations – Competition Commission of India – Establishment – Powers – Functions – Power of Central Government to supersede Commission – Restriction on disclosure of information – Overriding effect of the Act – Penalties – Appeals – Competition Advocacy. 

 

Unit – V

Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 – Definitions – Regulation and Management of Foreign Exchange – Authorised Person Contravention – Penalties – Adjudication and Appeal – Directorate of Enforcement – Powers – Functions. 

 Non –banking finance Companies – Formation and regulation of NBFC’s Consumer Protection Act, 1986 – Salient Features – Definitions of complainant, Consumer, Manufacturer, Consumer Dispute, Service, Good, Unfair Trade Practices,- Liability of Companies to consumers etc. Corporate Governance – International dimensions of Company Law.

 

Suggested Readings:

1.  Palmer: Company Law

2.  Ramayya: Guide to the Companies Act, (in three volumes), 13th Edn.1995, Wadhwa 

                          and Company, Nagpur.

3.  Avtar Singh:  Company Law, Eastern Book Company, 12th Edn, 1999.

4. H.K. Saharay:  Principles and Practice of Company Law in India, Prentice Hall of

                             India Private Limited, 2nd Edition, 1984, New Delhi.

 

5.  S.M. Shah:  Lectures on Company Law, N.M. Tripathi Private Ltd, Bombay.

 

6.  Chalesworth & Cain:  Company Law, 12th Edition, Geoffrey Morse, Stevens and Sons,

                                           London.

 

7.  L.C.B. Grover:  The Principles of Modern Company Law, Stevens and Sons, London.

 

8. Pennigton:  Company Law, Butterworths, London,

 

 

PAPER-IV: JURISPRUDENCE

 

Unit-I:      Meaning and Definition of Jurisprudence — General and Particular Jurisprudence - Elements of Ancient Indian Jurisprudence — Schools of Jurisprudence —­ Analytical, Historical, Philosophical and Sociological Schools of Jurisprudence. Theories of Law — Meaning and Definition of Law — The Nature and Function of Law — The Purpose of Law — The Classification of Law — Equity, Law and Justice — Theory of Sovereignty.

Unit-II :   Sources of Law — Legal and Historical Sources — Legislation - Definition of legislation - Classification of legislation- Supreme and Subordinate Legislation - Direct and Indirect Legislation - Principles of Statutory Interpretation. Precedent — Definition of Precedent — Kinds of Precedent — Stare Decisis — Original and Declaratory Precedents — Authoritative and Persuasive Precedents. Custom – Definition of Custom – Kinds of Custom – General and Local Custom – Custom and Prescription -  Requisites of a valid custom -   Relative merits and demerits of Legislation , Precedent  and Custom as a source of Law . Codification — Advantages and disadvantages of codification.

Unit-III:  Rights and Duties — Definition of Right — Classification of Rights and Duties — Absolute and Relative Rights and Duties — Rights and Cognate concepts like Liberty, Power, Immunity, Privilege etc.

                 Persons — Nature of personality — Legal Status of Lower Animals, Dead Persons and Unborn persons — Legal Persons — Corporations — Purpose of Incorporation — Nature of Corporate Personality

Unit-IV :  Obligation — Nature of Obligation — Obligation arising out of Contract, Quasi Contract, trust and breach of obligation etc. — Liability — Nature and kinds of liability — Acts — Mens Rea — Intention and Motive — Relevance of Motive — Negligence — Strict Liability — Accident — Vicarious Liability — Measure of Civil and Criminal Liability.

Unit-V:    Ownership — Definition and kinds of Ownership - Possession — Elements of Possession - Relation between Ownership and Possession — Possessory Remedies — Property — Meaning — Kinds of Property — Modes of Acquisition of Property — Legal Sanctions - Meaning of Sanction — Classification of Sanctions — Civil and Criminal Justice — Concept of Justice — Theories regarding purpose of Criminal Justice — Deterrent, Preventive, Reformative and Retributive theories.

Suggested Readings:

     1.     Salmond: Jurisprudence, Universal Publishers 12th Edn. 1966.

     2.     Paton : Jurisprudence

     3.     Allen : Law in the Making, Universal Publishers 7th Edn. 2001.

     4.     Mahajan V.D.: Legal Theory and Jurisprudence, Eastern Book Company, Lucknow, 5th Edn. 1977.

     5.     Dias: Jurisprudence, Aditya Books, 5th Edn. 1985.

     6.     Rama Jois, Legal and Constitutional History of India, Universal Law Publications, Delhi.

 

PAPER-V: LAW OF PROPERTY

 

Unit-I: Meaning and concept of property — Kinds of property — Transfer of property — Transferable and non-transferable property — who can transfer — Operation of transfer — Mode of transfer — Conditional transfer — Void and unlawful conditions — Condition precedent and condition subsequent — Vested and contingent interest — Transfer to unborn person

Unit-II:    Doctrine of Election — Covenants — Transfer by ostensible owner — Doctrine of Feeding the Grant by Estoppel — Doctrine of Lis Pendens — Fraudulent Transfer — Doctrine of Part-performance.

Unit-III:   Sale -  Essential features — Mode of Sale — Rights and liabilities of parties. Mortgage - Kinds of Mortgages - Rights and liabilities of mortgagor and mortgagee — Marshalling and Contribution — Charges.

Unit-IV:   Lease — Essential features — Kinds of leases — Rights and liabilities of lessor and lessee — Termination of lease — forfeiture — Exchange — Gifts — Different types of gifts — Registration of Gifts — Transfer of Actionable Claims.

Unit-V:    Easements — Definition of easement — Distinction between Lease and License — Dominant and Servient Tenements. Acquisition of property through testamentary succession — Will — Codicil — Capacity to execute Will — Nature of bequests — Executors of Will — Rights and Obligations of Legatees.

 

Suggested Readings:

     1.     Mulla : Transfer of Property, Butterworths Publications.

     2.     Subba Rao GCV: Commentaries on the Transfer of Property Act.

     3.     Krishna Menon: Law of Property.

     4.     Upadhya's Common Matrix of Transfer of Property.

 

 

SEMESTER-VII

 

PAPER-I: LABOUR LAW –I

Unit-I

Trade Unions: History of Trade Union Movement -  The Trade Union Act 1926 – Definitions -  Registration – Rights and Liabilities of Registered Trade Unions – Immunities – Amalgamation and dissolution of Unions – Reorganization of Trade Unions.

Unit-II

Prevention and Settlement of Industrial Disputes in India -  The role of State in Industrial Relations – The Industrial Disputes Act 1947 -  Definition of industry - Industrial Dispute – Individual Dispute - workman- Lay off – Retrenchment - Closure -Award - Strike Lockout

Unit-III

 Authorities under the IDAct – Works committee – Conciliation -  Court of inquiry -   Labour Courts- Tribunal – Powers and functions of authorities - Voluntary Arbitration - Provisions under Chapter V-A & V- B of the Act- Alteration of conditions of service – Management rights of action during pendency of proceedings – Recovery of money due from employer – Unfair labour practices - miscellaneous provisions of the Act.

Unit-IV

Standing Orders -    Concept and Nature of Standing Orders – scope and coverage- Certification process – its operation and binding effect – Modification and Temporary application of Model Standing Orders – Interpretation and enforcement of Standing Orders and provisions contained in the Industrial Employment (Standing Orders ) Act 1946.

Unit-V

Disciplinary Proceedings in Industries - Charge sheet – Explanation – Domestic enquiry - Enquiry officer – Enquiry report – Punishment – Principles of Natural Justice. 

 

 

 

Suggested Readings: 

 1.  Srivastava: Law of Trade Unions, Eastern Book Company, Lucknow

2. .Goswami  :  Labour and Industrial Law,  Central Law Agency.

 3.  R.F. Rustomji :  Law of Industrial Disputes   :  Asia Publishing House, Mumbai 

 4. S.N. Misra :  Labour and Industrial Law

5.  J.N. Malik : Trade Union Law

6.  Khan& Khan:  Labour Law, Asia Law House, Hyderabad

7.  S.C. Srivastava   :  Industrial Relations and Labour Law, Vikas Publishing House

 

PAPER-II: PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW                                                                                                             

Unit-I:      Definition, Nature, Scope and Importance of International Law — Relation of International Law to Municipal Law — Sources of International Law — Codification.

Unit-II:    StateRecognition — State Succession — Responsibility of States for International delinquencies — State Territory — Modes of acquiring State Territory

Unit-III:   Position of Individual in International Law — Nationality — Extradition — Asylum — Privileges and Immunities of Diplomatic Envoys —  Treaties – Formation of Treaties - Modes of Consent, Reservation and termination.

Unit-IV: The Legal Regime of the Seas – Evolution of the Law of the Sea – Freedoms of  the High Seas – Common Heritage of Mankind – United Nations Convention on the Law of the Seas – Legal Regime of Airspace – Important Conventions relating to Airspace – Paris, Havana, Warsaw and Chicago Conventions – Five Freedoms of Air – Legal Regime of Outer space – Important Conventions such as Outer space Treaty, Agreement on Rescue and Return of Astronauts, Liability Convention, Agreement on Registration of Space objects, Moon Treaty  - Unispace.

Unit-V:    International Organizations — League of Nations and United Nations —

                 International Court of Justice —International Criminal Court - Specialized    

                 Agencies of the UN — WHO, UNESCO, ILO, IMF and WTO.

Suggested Readings:LAW               

Unit-I:      Nature and scope of Administrative Law — Meaning, Definition and Evolution of Administrative Law—Reasons for the growth of Administrative Law — Relationship between Administrative Law and Constitutional Law.

Unit-II:    Basic concepts of Administrative Law — Rule of Law — Interpretation of Dicey's concept of Rule of Law — Modern trends - Theory of Separation of Powers — Position in India, UK and USA

Unit-III:   Classification of Administrative functions — Legislative, Quasi-judicial, Administrative and Ministerial functions — Delegated Legislation — Meaning, Reasons for the growth and Classification of delegated legislation— Judicial and Legislative Control of Delegated litigation.

Unit-IV:   Judicial Control of Administrative Action - Grounds of Judicial Control — Principles of Natural Justice — Administrative discretion and its control.

Unit-V:    Remedies available against the State — Writs — Lokpal and Lok Ayukta — Liability of the State in Torts and Contracts — Rule of Promissory Estoppel —Administrative Tribunals - Commissions of Inquiry — Public Corporations.

Suggested Readings:

     1.     Griffith and Street: Principles of Administrative Law.

     2.     H.W.R.Wade: Administrative Law, Oxford Publications, 8th Edn. 2000, London.

     3.     De Smith: Judicial Review of Administrative Action, Sweet and Maxwell, 1998.

     4.     S.P. Sathe: Administrative Law, Butterworths, 6th Edn. 1998.

     5.     I.P.Massey: Administrative Law, Eastern Book Company, 5th Edn. 2001.

 

 

PAPER-IV: LAW OF INSURANCE

Unit – I

Growth of Insurance Business in India - Institution of Insurance and Economic Development - Definition of Insurance - Differences between Contract of Indemnity, Contingent,  Wager and Insurance - Principle of utmost good faith

 

Unit – II

Kinds of Insurance - Insurable interest – Premium – Risk - Certificate of Insurance - Doctrine of Subrogation and Contribution - Rights and Liabilities of Insurer and Insured person - Life Insurance Contract - Personal Accident Insurance - Establishment and functioning of LIC

 

Unit – III

 Nature and scope of Marine Insurance - Classification of marine insurance - Kinds of marine policies – Voyage – Loss - the perils of the sea - Implied warranties in marine insurance contract - Assignment of Marine Policy

 

Unit – IV 

Nature of Fire Insurance Contract - Meaning of the word ‘fire’ - Scope of Fire Policy, Cover note - Right to contribution and right to average - Principle of Reinstatement - Double insurance and reinsurance - Doctrine of Approximation - Burglary Insurance

 

Unit-V

Social control on Insurance Business - Purpose of compulsory insurance - Rights of Third Parties - Public Liability Insurance - Adjudicating Authorities of Insurance Claims - Powers and Functions of the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority.

 

Suggested Readings:

1.  K.S.N. Murthy and KVS Sharma:  Modern Law of Insurance in India, 1995, edn. New Tripathi Pvt. Ltd. Bombay.

2.  Ravi Pulirani and Mahesh Pulirani : Manual of Insurance Law, 2001 Ed. Bharat Law House Ltd. New Delhi.

3.  Brij Nandan Singh:  Insurance Law,  University Book Agency, Allahabad

4.  Michael Parkington:  Insurance Law, 6th edn, 1975, Sweet and Maxwell, London.

5.  M.N. Srinivasan : Law of Insurance

6.  Bhattacharya: Law of Insurance

7.  Dr. M.N. Mishra :  Law of Insurance

8.  Harding and Eveanly : General Principles of Insurance

9.  Banerji :  Law of Insurance, Asia Law House

10 Avatar Singh: Law of Insurance, Eastern Book Company, Lucknow

11. B.C.Mithra:  The Law relating to Marine Insurance, The University Book Agency, Allahabad

12. Gyanendra Kumar: Hand book on Insurance Law, Delhi Law House

13. J.V.N. Jaiswal : Law of Insurance,  Eastern Book Company ,Luknow

 

PAPER-V: Intellectual property law          

Unit-I:      Meaning, Nature, Classification and protection of Intellectual Property — The main forms of Intellectual Property — Copyright, Trademarks, Patents, Designs (Industrial and Layout) -- Geographical Indications - Plant Varieties Protection and Biotechnology,

Unit-II:    Introduction to the leading International instruments concerning Intellectual Property Rights — The Berne Convention — Universal Copyright Convention — The Paris Union — Patent Co-operation Treaty -- The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and the UNEESCO, International Trade Agreements concerning IPR — WTO — TRIPS.

Unit-III :  Select aspects of the Law of Copyright in India — The Copy Right Act, 1957 -  Historical evolution — Meaning of copyright — Copyright in literary, dramatic and musical works, computer programmes and cinematograph films — Neighbouring rights — Rights of performers and broadcasters, etc. — Ownership and Assignment of copyright — Author's special rights — Notion of infringement — Criteria of infringement — Infringement of copyright in films, literary and dramatic works — Authorities under the Act — Remedies for infringement of copyright.

Unit-IV:   Intellectual Property in Trademarks and the rationale of their protection - The Trade Marks Act, 1999 — Definition of Trademarks — Distinction between Trademark and Property Mark - Registration — Passing off —Infringement of Trademark — Criteria of Infringement — Remedies. The Designs Act, 2000 — Definition and characteristics of Design — Law in India — Protection and rights of design holders — Copyright in design — Registration — Remedies for infringement.

Unit-V:    Patents — Concept of Patent — Historical overview of the Patents Law in India — Patentable Inventions — Kinds of Patents — Procedure for obtaining patent — The Patents Act, 1970 — Rights and obligations of a patentee — Term of patent protection — Use and exercise of rights — Exclusive Marketing Rights — Right to Secrecy — The notion of ‘abuse’ of patent rights — Infringement of patent rights and remedies available.

 

 

Suggested Readings:

     1.     P. Narayanan:  Patent Law, Eastern Law House, 1995.

     2.     Roy Chowdhary, S.K. & Other: Law of Trademark, Copyrights, Patents and

                                                                Designs, Kamal Law House, 1999.

     3.     Dr. G.B. Reddy, Intellectual Property Rights and the Law 5th Ed. 2005 Gogia

                                       Law Agency.

     4.     John Holyoak and Paul Torremans: Intellectual Property Law.

     5.     B.L. Wadhera: Intellectual Property Law, Universal Publishers, 2nd Ed. 2000.

     6.     W.R. Cornish: Intellectual Property Law, Universal Publishers, 3rd Ed. 2001.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SEMESTER-VIII

 

PAPER-I: LABOUR LAW-II

Unit-I

The Remunerative Aspects – Wages – Concepts of wages - Minimum, Fair, Living Wages - Wage and Industrial Policies - Whitley Commission Recommendations -Provisions of Payment of Wages Act 1936 - Timely payment of wages - Authorised deductions – Claims - Minimum Wages Act 1948 -  Definitions - Types of wages -Minimum rates of wages - Procedure for fixing and revising Minimum Wages – Claims -Remedy.

 

Unit-II

Bonus – concept - Right to claim Bonus – Full Bench formula -  Bonus Commission - Payment of Bonus Act 1965 - Application – Computation of gross profit, available, allocable surplus - Eligibility of Bonus - Disqualification of Bonus - set on – set off of allocable surplus- Minimum and Maximum Bonus-Recovery of Bonus.

 

Unit-III

Employees Security and Welfare aspect - Social Security - Concept and meaning - Social Insurance - Social Assistance Schemes. Social Security Legislations - Law relating to workmen’s compensation - The Workmen’s Compensation Act 1923 – Definitions -Employer’s liability for compensation - Nexus between injury and employment - payment of compensation - penalty for default - Employees State Insurance Act 1948 – Application - Benefits under the Act - Adjudication of disputes and claims – ESI Corporation.

 

Unit-IV

Employees Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act 1952 – Contributions -Schemes under the Act - Benefits. The Maternity Benefit Act 1961 - Definitions-Application - Benefits. The Payment of Gratuity Act 1972 – Definitions – application - Payment of gratuity - eligibility – forfeiture – Nomination - Controlling authorities.

 

Unit-V

The Factories Act 1948 - Chapters dealing with Health, Safety and Welfare of Labour.

Child Labour - Rights of child and the Indian Constitution - Salient features of the Child Labour(Prohibition and Regulation) Act 1986.

 

Suggested Readings

 

1. S.N.Misra,  Labour and Industrial Laws, Central law publication-22nd edition. 2006.

2. N.G. Goswami,  Labour and Industrial Laws,  Central Law Agency.

3. Khan & Kahan,  Labour Law-Asia Law house, Hyderabad

4. K.D. Srivastava, Payment of Bonus Act, Eastern Book Company

5. K.D. Srivastava, Payment of Wages Act

6. K.D. Srivastava, Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act 1947

7. S.C.Srivastava, Treatise on Social Security

8. Jidwitesukumar  Singh, Labour Economics, Deep& Deep, New Delhi

9. V.J.Rao, Factories Law

 

 

PAPER-II:     Interpretation of Statutes  

Unit-I:      Meaning and Definition of Statutes — Classification of Statues — Meaning and Definition of Interpretation — General Principles of Interpretation — Rules of Construction under the General Clauses Act, 1897.

Unit-II:    Grammatical Rule of Interpretation — Golden Rule of Interpretation – Rule of Interpretation to avoid mischief.

Unit-III:   Interpretation of Penal Statutes and Statutes of Taxation — Beneficial Construction — Construction to avoid conflict with other provisions — Doctrine of Harmonious Construction.

Unit-IV:   External Aids to Interpretation — Statement of objects of legislation, Legislative debates, identification of purpose sought to be achieved through legislation — Internal Aids to Interpretation — Preamble, title, interpretation clause, marginal notes, explanations etc. — Presumptions.

Unit-V:    Effect of Repeal — Effect of amendments to statutes — Conflict between parent legislation and subordinate legislation — Methods of interpreting substantive and procedural laws.

Suggested Readings:

     1.     Vepa P. Sarathi: Interpretation of Statutes, Eastern Book Co, 4th Edition, 1976.

     2.     Maxwell: Interpretation of Statutes, Butterworths Publications, 1976, 12th

             Edition.

     3.     Crawford: Interpretation of Statutes, Universal Publishers.

     4      Chatterjee: Interpretation of Statutes.

     5.     G.P. Singh: Principles of Statutory Interpretation, Wadhwa and Company, 8th 

            Ed., 2001.

     6.   Cross, Statutory Interpretation

 

 

PAPER-III: PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW

 

Unit – I:  Meaning and subject mater of Private International Law – Unification of   

               Private International Law -   Evolution of English Private International Law,               

               Indian Private International Law – Theories of Private International Law –

               Theories of Characterization – Doctrine of Renvoi

 

Unit – II:   Application of Foreign Law, Foreign Law as question of fact, English

                   Law, Indian Law, exclusion of foreign law, Public Policy, Foreign

                   Penal Code, Foreign Revenue Laws.

                   Domicile, meaning, Domicile of Independent person, Domicile of origin,  

                   Domicile of choice, Domicile of Dependants – Jurisdiction of Courts

 

Unit- III: Concept of marriage - Validity of marriage, Formal validity of

                 Marriage (English Law, Indian Law) matrimonial causes,                       

                 Dissolution of marriage, Grounds of Divorce, Recognition of Foreign

                 Divorces, Nullity of marriage, Recognition of Foreign Nullity                     

                 Decrees, Judicial separation, Grounds for Judicial separation,

                 Recognition of foreign decrees of Judicial Separation - Restitution of

                 Conjugal Rights, Matrimonial Reliefs in respect of

                 Polygamous marriages, Enforcement of foreign maintenance orders,

                 Foreign Custody Orders, Indian Law, English Law, Choice of Law.

 

 

Unit-IV:Legitimacy, jurisdiction of courts, Legitimation, Jurisdiction of court,

               Recognition of foreign legitimation, Indian Law, English Law, choice of law.

              

               Adoption, jurisdiction of courts, recognition of foreign adoptions, adoption by

               foreign parents, Indian Law, English Law. Guardianship and custody,

               jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of foreign guardianship and custody

               orders, Indian law, choice of law.

 

Unit-V:  Commercial contracts - Proper law of contract, capacity to contract, Formal and

               Material validity of contract, obligations arising under the contract, Discharge            

               of contract.

 

 

Suggested Readings:

 

  1. R.h.Greeveson: The Conflict of Laws, Sweet & Maxwell, London.
  2. Sir Peter North and J.J. Fawcett: Cheshire and North’s Private International Law,

                                                                 Lexis Nexis Butterworths

  1. Paras Diwan and Peeyushi Diwan: Private International Law Indian and English,

                                                              Deep & Deep, New Delhi

 

 

PAPER-IV:   land laws

    

Unit-I:      Classification of lands — Ownership of Land — Absolute and limited ownership (tenancy, lease etc.) — Doctrine of Eminent Domain — Doctrine of Escheat - Doctrine of Bona Vacantia — Maintenance of land records and issue of Pattas and Title Deeds etc.

Unit-II:    Law Reforms before and after independence — Zamindari Settlement — Ryotwari Settlement — Mahalwari System — Intermediaries — Constitutional Provisions — Abolition of Zamindaries, Jagirs and Inams — Tenancy Laws — Conferment of ownership on tenants/Ryots.

Unit-III:   Laws relating to acquisition of property — Land Acquisition Act of 1894 (Issue of notifications, Award enquiry, Payment of compensation & Reference to civil courts etc.) The Land Acquisition and Requisition Act.

Unit-IV:   Laws relating to Ceiling on Land Holdings — A.P. Land Reforms (Ceiling on Agricultural Holdings) Act, 1973 — Effect of inclusion in the IX Schedule of the Constitution — Interpretation of Directive Principles of State Policy —  The Urban Land (Ceiling on Holdings) Act, 1976.

Unit-V:    Laws relating to alienation — A.P. Scheduled Areas Land Transfer Regulation 1959 — A.P. Assigned Lands (Prohibition of Transfers) Act, 1977-Resumption of Lands to the Transferor/Government - A.P. Land Grabbing (Prohibition) Act.

 

 

Suggested Readings:

     1.    P. Rama Reddi and P. Srinivasa Reddy : Land Reform Laws in A.P., Asia Law House. 5th Ed. Hyderabad.

     2.    P.S. Narayana: Manual of Revenue Laws in A.P., Gogia Law Agency, 6th Ed. 1999, Hyderabad.

     3.    Land Grabbing Laws in A.P., Asia Law House, 3rd Ed. 2001, Hyderabad.

     4.    G.B. Reddy: Land Laws in A.P.,  Gogia Law Agency, Hyderabad, 1st Edition, 2001.

 

 

PAPER-V: CITIZENSHIP AND EMIGRATION LAW

 

Unit-I:

Nature and scope of citizenship and its associated concepts – Nationality – Domicile – Multiple Citizenship - Common Wealth Citizenship - Corporate Citizenship - Dual Citizenship - Overseas Citizenship to the People of Indian Origin and Non-resident Indians.

Unit-II:

Historical Evolution of Citizenship - Ancient Citizenship - Constitutional Debates on Citizenship and Citizenship at the Commencement of Constitution of India - Modern Citizenship and Citizenship in the Age of Globalization.

Unit-III:

Theories of Citizenship - Civic Republican, Liberal, Communitarian, Sociological and Multicultural theories of Citizenship.

Unit-IV:

Citizenship after the commencement of the Constitution - Constitutional Provisions of Citizenship, Citizenship Act 1955 - Citizenship Rules 1956 - Citizenship under International Law -  Rights and Duties of Citizens and Non-Citizens under the Constitution and other enactments.

Unit-V:

Meaning and Nature of Emigration and its associated concepts – Migration – Citizenship – Allegiance – Emigration - Visas and Passports - Emigration issues – Statelessness – Refugees – Asylum – Extradition – Deportation -  determination of status of illegal migrants - double taxation - Rights and Obligations of the sending and receiving states - Discriminative Practices vis-à-vis Emigrants - Protection of Emigrants by International law and impact of Citizenship Policies on Emigration.

 

Suggested  Readings:

  1. A.N. Sinha: Law of Citizenship and Aliens in India, Asia Publishing House, New Delhi, 1962.
  2. Meher K. Master: Citizenship of India, Eastern Law House, Calcutta, 1970
  3. E.S.Venkataramaiah: Citizenship – Rights and Duties, Texcom, delhi, 1988.
  4. Surya narian Yadav and Indu Baghel: Citizenship in the Age of Globalisation, Jnana Prakashan, New Delhi, 2008.
  5. Gurubax Singh: Law of Foreigners, Citizenship and Passports in India, Universal Law publishers, New Delhi.
  6. Subhash C. Kashyap: Citizenship and the Constitution: Citizenship Values under the Constitution, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India, New Delhi, 2002.
  7. B.N. Ray: Citizenship in a Globalizing World, Kaveri Books, New Delhi, 2007.
  8. S.I.Jafri & K.N. Nath,: Seth’s Law of Citizenship, Foreigners and Passports in India, Law Publishers (India) Pvt. Ltd.
  9. B.S. Chimni(ed): International Refugee Law – A Reader, Sage Publications, New Delhi, 2000.
  10. Rathin Bandopadhyay: Human Rights of the Non-citizen – Law and Reality, deep & Deep, New Delhi, 2007.

 

SEMESTER-IX

 

PAPER-I: CIVIL PROCEDURE CODE AND LAW OF LIMITATION                                                                                           

Unit-I :     Codification of Civil Procedure and Introduction to CPC — Principal features of the Civil Procedure Code — Suits — Parties to Suit — Framing of Suit —Institution of Suits — Bars of Suit  -  Doctrines ofSub Judice  and Res Judicata — Place of Suing — Transfer of suits — Territorial Jurisdiction — ‘Cause of Action’ and Jurisdictional Bars — Summons — Service of Foreign summons.

Unit-II :   Pleadings — Contents of pleadings — Forms of Pleading — Striking out / Amendment of Pleadings -  Plaint— Essentials of Plaint - Return of Plaint—Rejection of Plaint—Production and marking of Documents— Written Statement — Counter claim — Set off — Framing of issues.

Unit-III : Appearance and Examination of parties & Adjournments — Ex-parte Procedure — Summoning and Attendance of Witnesses — Examination — Admissions — Production, Impounding, Return of Documents — Hearing — Affidavit —Judgment and Decree — Concepts of Judgment, Decree, and Interim Orders and Stay — Injunctions — Appointment of Receivers and Commissions — Costs --  Execution — Concept of Execution — General Principles of Execution — Power of Execution — Power of Executing Courts — Procedure for Execution — Modes of Execution --  Arrest and detention — Attachment  and  Sale.

Unit-IV:   Suits in Particular Cases — Suits by or against Government — Suits relating to public matters;— Suits by or against minors, persons with unsound mind, - Suits by indigent persons --  Interpleader suits — Incidental and supplementary proceedings -  Appeals, Reference, Review and Revision — Appeals from Original Decrees — Appeals from Appellate Decrees — Appeals from Orders — General Provisions Relating to Appeals.

Unit-V: Law of Limitation — Concept of Limitation — Object of limitation - General Principles of Limitation — Extension — Condonation of delay — Sufficient Cause — Computation of limitation -- Acknowledgment and Part-payment — Legal Disability — Provisions of the Limitation Act, 1963 (Excluding Schedule)

 

Suggested Readings:

     1.     Mulla: Code of Civil Procedure: Tripathi (Abridged Edition), 11th Edn.  

            (StudentEdition) Edited by P.M. Bakshi, Bombay, 1985.

     2.     A.N. Saha: Code of Civil Procedure.

     3.     C.K. Takwani: Civil Procedure, 4th Edn. Eastern Book Co., Lucknow, 1974.

     4.     B.B. Mitra: Limitation Act, 17th Edn. Eastern Law House, Calcutta, 1974,

            Allahabad.

     5.     Sanjiva Row: Limitation Act, 7th Edn. (in 2 Vols), Law Book Co., Allahabad,

            1973.

     6.     Sanjiva Row: Code of Civil Procedure, 3rd Edn. (in 4 Vols), Law Book Co.,

           Allahabad.

     8.   AIR  Commentaries on Limitation Act, W.W. Chitaley, AIR Ltd., Nagpur.

 

PAPER-II: CRIMINAL PROCEDURE CODE, LAW OF JUVENILE JUSTICE                  

                     AND PROBATION OF OFFENDERS       

Unit-I :     The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 : The rationale of Criminal Procedure — The importance of fair trial — Constitutional Perspectives : Articles 14, 20 & 21 — The organization of Police, Prosecutor and Defence Counsel — Pre-trial Process — Arrest — Distinction between “cognizable” and “non-cognizable” offences — Steps to ensure presence of accused at trial  -- Warrant and Summons cases — Arrest with and without Warrant — The absconder status — Rights of arrested persons under Cr.P.C. and Article 22 (2) of the Constitution of India.

Unit-II:    Search and Seizure — Search with and without warrant — Police search during investigation — General Principles of Search — Seizure — Constitutional aspects of validity of Search and Seizure proceedings.

Unit-III : Trial Process:          Commencement of Proceedings — Dismissal of Complaint — Bail, Bailable and Non-bailable Offences — Cancellation of Bails — Anticipatory Bail — General Principles concerning Bail Bond — Preliminary pleas to bar trial — Jurisdiction — Time Limitations — Pleas of Autrefois Acquit and Autrefois Convict — Fair Trial — Concept of fair trial — Presumption of innocence — Venue of trial —Jurisdiction of Criminal Courts — Rights of accused -- Constitutional Interpretation of Article 21 as a right to speedy trial — Charge — Form and content of Charge — Trial before a Court of Session : Procedural steps and substantive rights.

Unit-IV:   Judgment: Form and content -- Summary trial — Post-conviction orders in lieu of punishment — Modes of providing judgment copy — appeals, review and revisions.

Unit-V:    Probation and Parole: Authority granting Parole — Supervision — Conditional release -- suspension of sentence — Procedure under Probation of Offenders Act, 1958 -- Salient features of the Act.  Juvenile Justice System -- Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act of 2000 -- Procedure under Juvenile Justice…Act — Treatment and Rehabilitation of Juveniles —— Protection of Juvenile Offenders — Legislative and Judicial Role.

Suggested Readings:

     1.     Kelkar R.V.: Criminal Procedure, 3rd Edn. Eastern Book Co., Lucknow, 1993.

     2.     Ratanlal and Dhirajlal: The Code of Criminal Procedure, 15th Edn. Wadhwa & Co.,

     3.     Padala Rama Reddi: The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, Asia Law House,

            Hyderabad.

     4.     Prof. S.N. Misra: The Code of Criminal Procedure, Central Law Agency.

     5.     M.P. Tandon: Criminal Procedure Code, Allahabad Law Agency.

     6.     Shoorvir Tyage: The Code of Criminal Procedure, Allahabad Law Agency.

 

PAPER-III:LAW OF BANKING AND NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS

Unit-I:      History of the Banking Regulation Act — Salient features — Banking Business — and its importance in modern times.

Unit-II:    Relationship between Banker and Customer — Debtor and Creditor Relationship — Fiduciary Relationship — Trustee and Beneficiary — Principal and Agent — Bailer and Bailee — Guarantor, etc.

Unit-III:   Cheques — Crossed Cheques — Account Payee — Banker's Drafts — Dividend warrants — Postal order and money orders — Travelers cheques and circular notes—       Negotiable instruments and deemed negotiable instruments — Salient features of Negotiable Instruments Act.

Unit-IV:   The Paying Banker — Statutory protection to Bankers — Forgeries—Collecting Banker - Statutory protection.

Unit-V:    Banker's lien and set off. Advances - Pledge - Land - Stocks - Shares - Life Policies - Document of title to Goods - Bank Guarantees - Letters of credit.

 

Suggested Readings:

  1. Tannan: Banking Law & Practice in India, 18th Edn., Orient Law House,

                       New Delhi.

     2.     Avtar Singh: Negotiable Instruments, 3rd Edn., Eastern Book Company,

                                 Lucknow, 1997.

  1. P.N.Varshney: Banking Law & Practice, 17th Edn. Sultan Chand & Sons,

                                New Delhi.

     4.     Taxman: Law of Banking, India Law House

     5.     B.R. Sharma and Dr.R.P. Nainta: Principles of Banking Law and Negotiable   

                                                                 Instruments Act, Allahabad Law Agency.

     6.     Mukherjee's Banking Law and Practice, Premier Publications Company.

     7.     Bashyam and Adiga: Negotiable Instruments Act, Bharat Law House.

 

 

 

PAPER-IV:   ALTERNATE DISPUTE RESOLUTION

   The written examination of this paper will be for 50 marks and the remaining 50 marks for record and viva voce. There shall be classroom instruction on the following topics:

 

Unit-I:      Alternate Dispute Resolution — Characteristics — Advantages and Disadvantages——Unilateral — Bilateral — Triadic (Third Party) Intervention — Techniques and processes -- Negotiation — Conciliation —Arbitration — Distinction between Arbitration, Conciliation and Negotiation.

Unit-II:    The Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 — Historical Background and Objectives of the Act — Definitions of Arbitration, Arbitrator, Arbitration Agreement -- Appointment of Arbitrator — Termination of Arbitrator -- Proceedings in Arbitral Tribunal -- Termination of Proceedings — Arbitral Award -- Setting aside of Arbitral Award — Finality and Enforcement of Award — Appeals – Enforcement of Foreign Awards. Conciliation – Appointment of Conciliators – Powers and Functions of Conciliator -- Procedure – Settlement of disputes through conciliation.

Unit-III:   Other Alternative Dispute Resolution Systems —Tribunals -- Lokpal and Lokayukta — Lok Adalats — Family Courts. Section 89 and Order X, Rules 1A, 1B and 1C of Civil Procedure Code.

 

Practical Exercises (30 marks)

                (a) The students are required to participate in 5 (five) simulation proceedings relating to Arbitration, Conciliation, Mediation and Negotiation. Participation in each such simulation proceeding shall be evaluated for a maximum of 4 (four) marks (Total 5x4=20marks).

                 (b)  Students are required to attend and observe the proceedings of Lok Adalats, Family Courts, Tribunals and other ADR Systems. Each student shall record the above observations in the diary which will be assessed. Record submitted by the student shall be evaluated for 10 marks by the teacher concerned. The Records of the students duly certified by the University Representative appointed by the Controller of Examinations in consultation with the Chairman, BOS in Law shall be submitted to the University before the commencement of the theory examinations

Viva- voce (20marks):  There shall be viva-voce examination on the above        components. The Viva-voce Board consisting of (i) Principal of the College/the teacher concerned (ii) University Representative appointed by the Controller of Examinations in consultation with the Chairman, BOS in Law, and (iii) an advocate with 10 years experience at the Bar shall evaluate the student in the Viva. The proceedings of the viva-voce shall be recorded.

 

Note: Attendance of the students in all the four components of the paper (written examination, participation in simulation proceedings, submission of record and attendance in viva) shall be compulsory.

 

 

Suggested Readings:

     1.     O.P. Tiwari : The Arbitration and Conciliation Act (2nd Edition): Allahabad Law

            Agency.

     2.     Johar's : Commentary on Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996: Kamal Law

            House.

     3.     Acharya N.K.: Law relating to Arbitration and ADR,  Asia Law House,

                                    Hyderabad

     4.     Tripathi S.C.: Arbitration, Conciliation and ADR, Central Law Agency,  

                                   Allahabad.

     5.     Avatar Singh: Arbitration and Conciliation, Eastern Law Book House, Lucknow.

     6.     KSR Murthy: An introduction to ADR Mechanism, Gogia Law Agency,

                                    Hyderabad

     7.    P.C. Rao : Alternate Dispute Resolution , 2001 Edition, Universal Book Traders,

                                                                                               New Delhi.

  1. S.D. Singh: Alternate Dispute Resolution, 2001 Edition. Universal Book Traders,

                                                                                               New Delhi.

 

PAPER-V: PROFESSIONAL ETHICS AND PROFESSIONAL

                   ACCOUNTING SYSTEM                                          

The written examination of this paper will be for 50 marks and the remaining 50 marks for record and viva voce. There shall be classroom instruction on the following topics:

Unit-I:      Development of Legal Profession in India —  Advocates Act, 1961 — Right to Practice — a right or privilege? -- Constitutional guarantee under Article 19(1) (g) and its scope — Enrolment and Practice — Regulation governing enrolment and practice — Practice of Law — Solicitors firm — Elements of Advocacy.

Unit-II : Seven lamps of advocacy — Advocates duties towards public, clients, court, and other advocates  and legal aid ; Bar Council Code of Ethics.

Unit-III:   Disciplinary proceedings — Professional misconduct — Disqualifications — Functions of Bar Council of India/State Bar Councils in dealing with the disciplinary proceedings —Disciplinary Committees -- Powers and functions - Disqualification and removal from rolls.

Unit-IV: Accountancy for Lawyers — Nature and functions of accounting — Important

                branches of accounting — Accounting and Law --  Bar-Bench Relations.

 

Record (30 marks): Each student shall write 50 selected opinions of the

Disciplinary Committees of Bar Councils and 10 major judgments of the

Supreme Court of India in the Record. The Record shall be evaluated for 30

marks by the teacher concerned. The Records of the students duly certified by

the University Representative appointed by the Controller of Examinations in

consultation with the Chairman, BOS in Law shall be submitted to the

University before the commencement of the theory examinations.

 

Viva- voce (20marks):  There shall be viva-voce examination on the above components. The Viva-voce Board consisting of (i) Principal of the College/the teacher concerned (ii) University Representative appointed by the Controller of Examinations in consultation with the Chairman, BOS in Law, and  (iii) an advocate with 10 years experience at the Bar shall evaluate the student in the Viva. The proceedings of the viva-voce shall be recorded.

Note: All the three components of the paper (written examination, submission of record and attendance in viva) shall be compulsory.

 

 

Suggested Readings:

     (1)   Myneni S.R.: Professional Ethics, Accountancy for Lawyers and Bench-Bar Relation, Asia Law House, Hyderabad.

     (2)   Gupta S.P.: Professional Ethics, Accountancy for Lawyers and Bench-Bar Relation, Asia Law House, Hyderabad.

     (3)   Kailash Rai: Professional Ethics, Accountancy for Lawyers and Bench-Bar Relation, Allahabad Law Agency.

     (4)   Siroh: Professional Ethics, Central Law Publications, Allahabad.

     (5)   Ramachandra Jha: Selected Judgements on Professional Ethics published by Bar Council of India Trust, 2002.

     (6)   Dr. G.B. Reddy: Practical Advocacy of Law, 2nd Ed. 2005. Gogia Law Agency. Hyderabad

 

SEMESTER-X

 

PAPER-I: LAW OF TAXATION

Unit-I :     Constitutional basis of power of taxation — Article 265 of Constitution of India — Basic concept of Income Tax — Outlines of Income Tax Law --  Definition of Income and Agricultural Income under Income Tax Act — Residential Status — Previous Year — Assessment Year — Computation of Income.

Unit-II:    Heads of Income and Computation — Income from Salary, Income from House Property. Profits and Gains of Business or Profession, Capital Gains and Income from other sources.

Unit-III:   Law and Procedure — P.A.N. — Filing of Returns — Payment of Advance Tax -- Deduction of Tax at Source (TDS) -- Double Tax Relief — Law and Procedure for Assessment, Penalties, Prosecution, Appeals and Grievances -- Authorities.    

Unit-IV :  Wealth Tax — Charge of Wealth Tax — Persons liable to Wealth Tax — Persons exempted from Wealth Tax — Assessment  — Deemed  Assessment — Debts — Assessment year --  Previous Year -- Valuation Date -- Rate of Wealth Tax — Wealth Tax Procedure — Filing of Returns — Statement of net wealth, Computation of Wealth Tax, Valuation rules for immovable property, Business Assets, Jewelry.

Unit-V:    Sales Tax & Value Added Tax — Relevant important provisions of A.P. General Sales Tax and VAT laws - Assessment — Procedure -Practice of Sales Tax and VAT – Authorities - Powers and Jurisdiction.

 

Suggested Readings :

     1.     Dr. Vinod K.Singhania: Student Guide to Income Tax, Taxman, Allied Service

            Pvt. Limited.

     2.     Dr. Vinod K.Singhania: Direct Taxes Law & Practice, Taxman Allied Service

            Pvt. Limited.

     3.     Myneni S.R.: Law of Taxation, Allahabad Law Series.

     4.     Kailash Rai: Taxation Laws, Allahabad Law Agency.

     5.     Dr. Gurish Ahuja: Systematic Approach to Income Tax, Bharat Law House Pvt.

           Limited.

     6.     V.S. Datey : Law and Practice Central Sales Tax Act, 2003, Taxman

                                   Publications.

     7.     Nani Palkivala: Income Tax, Butterworths Publications.

 

PAPER-II: INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY LAW

 

Unit-I

Concept of Information Technology and Cyber Space- Interface of Technology and Law -Jurisdiction in Cyber Space and Jurisdiction in traditional sense - Internet Jurisdiction -  Indian Context of Jurisdiction - Enforcement agencies - International position of Internet Jurisdiction - Cases in Cyber Jurisdiction

 

Unit-II

Information Technology Act, 2000 - Aims and Objects — Overview of the Act – Jurisdiction -Electronic Governance – Legal Recognition of Electronic Records and Electronic Evidence -Digital Signature Certificates - Securing  Electronic records and secure digital signatures - Duties of Subscribers - Role of Certifying Authorities - Regulators under the Act -The Cyber Regulations Appellate Tribunal - Internet Service Providers and their Liability – Powers of Police under the Act – Impact of the Act on other Laws .

 

Unit-III

E-Commerce - UNCITRAL Model - Legal aspects of E-Commerce - Digital Signatures - Technical and Legal issues -  E-Commerce, Trends and Prospects - E-taxation, E-banking, online publishing and online credit card payment - Employment Contracts  - Contractor Agreements, Sales, Re-Seller and Distributor Agreements, Non-Disclosure Agreements- Shrink Wrap Contract ,Source Code, Escrow Agreements etc

 

 

 

 

Unit-IV

Cyber Law and IPRs-Understanding Copy Right in Information Technology - Software - Copyrights vs Patents debate - Authorship and Assignment Issues - Copyright in Internet - Multimedia and Copyright issues - Software Piracy –Patents - Understanding Patents - European Position on Computer related Patents - Legal position of U.S. on Computer related Patents - Indian Position on Computer related Patents –Trademarks - Trademarks in Internet - Domain name registration - Domain Name Disputes & WIPO -Databases in Information Technology - Protection of databases - Position in USA,EU and India

 

Unit-V

Cyber Crimes - Meaning of  Cyber Crimes –Different Kinds of Cyber crimes – Cyber crimes under IPC, Cr.P.C and Indian Evidence Law - Cyber crimes under the Information Technology Act,2000 - Cyber crimes under International Law - Hacking Child Pornography, Cyber Stalking, Denial of service Attack, Virus Dissemination, Software Piracy,Internet Relay Chat (IRC) Crime, Credit Card Fraud, Net Extortion, Phishing etc - Cyber Terrorism - Violation of Privacy on Internet - Data Protection and Privacy

 

 

Suggested Readings:

 

1.  Kamlesh N. & Murali D.Tiwari(Ed), IT and Indian Legal System, Macmillan India

    Ltd, New Delhi

 

2.  K.L.James, The Internet: A User’s Guide (2003), Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi

 

3.  Chris Reed, Internet Law-Text and Materials, 2nd Edition, 2005, Universal Law

    Publishing Co., New Delhi

 

4.  Vakul Sharma, Hand book of Cyber Laws, Macmillan India Ltd, New Delhi

 

5. S.V.Joga Rao, Computer Contract & IT Laws (in 2 Volumes), 2005 Prolific Law

    Publications, New Delhi

 

6.  T.Ramappa, Legal Issues in Electronic Commerce, Macmillan India Ltd, New Delhi

 

7.  Indian Law Institute, Legal Dimensions of Cyber Space, New Delhi

 

8.  Pankaj Jain & Sangeet Rai Pandey, Copyright and Trademark Laws relating to

   Computers, Eastern Book Co, New Delhi

 

9.  Farouq Ahmed, Cyber Law in India

 

10. S.V.Joga Rao, Law of Cyber Crimes and Information Technology Law, 2007,

     Wadhwa & Co, Nagpur

 

 

PAPER-III OPTIONAL (Any one of the following subjects)

 

  1. LAW RELATING TO WOMEN

 

Unit-I :     Historical background and status of women in ancient India — Constitutional  Provisions and gender justice — Relevant provisions relating to women in Directive Principles of State Policy and Fundamental Duties etc. under the Indian Constitution.

Unit-II:    Laws relating to marriage, divorce and succession and maintenance under the relevant personal laws with special emphasis on women — Special Marriage Act — Maintenance under Cr. P.C.

Unit-III :  Special provisions relating to women under the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 — Offences against women under Indian Penal Code - outraging the modesty of women -sexual harassment – rape – bigamy - mock and fraudulent marriages – adultery - causing miscarriage - insulting women etc.

Unit-IV:   Socio-Legal position of women and the law — Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961, Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act — Law relating to the Pre Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) and Sex selection — Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act -- Law relating to domestic violence.

Unit-V :   Relevant provisions relating to women under Maternity Benefit Act, 1961, Factories Act and other Labour & Industrial Laws — Position of Women under International instruments — Salient features of Convention for Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) — International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights — International Covenant on Social, Cultural and Economic Rights.

Suggested Readings :

     1.     S.P. Sathe: Towards Gender Justice.

     2.     Dr. Vijay Sharma: Protection to woman in Matrimonial home

     3.     Dr. Sarojini Saxena: Femijuris (Law relating to Women in India)

     4.     Dr. Archana Parsher: Women and Social Reform

     5.     Dr. Paras Diwan: Dowry and protection to married women

     6.     Mary Wollstonecraft: A Vindication of the rights of women.

     7.     Dr. G.B.Reddy: Women and Law, 2nd Edn. Gogia Law Agency, Hyderabad,

             1998.

 

(B) HUMAN RIGHTS LAW

Unit-I 

Meaning and definition of Human Rights - Evolution of Human Rights - Human Rights and Domestic Jurisdiction

Unit-II  

Adoption of Human Rights by the UN Charter - U.N.Commission on Human Rights -  Universal Declaration of Human Rights - International Covenants on Human Rights( Civil and Political; Economic, Social and  Cultural).

Unit-III

Regional Conventions on Human Rights - European Convention on Human Rights - American Convention on Human Rights - African Charter on Human Rights(Banjul).

Unit-IV

International Conventions on Human Rights - Genocide Convention, Convention against Torture, CEDAW, Child Rights Convention, Convention on Statelessness, Convention against Slavery, Convention on Refugees - International Conference on Human Rights(1968) - World Conference on Human Rights(1993).

Unit-V

Human Rights Protection in India - Human Rights Commissions - Protection of Human Rights Act - National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) - State Human Rights Commissions - Human Right Courts in Districts.

 

Suggested Readings:

  1. P.R. Gandhi(ed):  Blackstone’s International Human Rights Documents, Universal Law Publishing Co. Delhi.
  2. Richard B. Lillich and Frank C. Newman: International Human Rights - Problems of Law and Policy, Little Brown and Company, Boston and Toronto.
  3. Frederick Quinn: Human Rights and You, OSCE/ ODIHR, Warsaw, Poland
  4. T.S. Batra: Human Rights – A Critique, Metropolitan Book Company Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
  5. Dr.U. Chandra: Human Rights, Allahabad Law Agency Publications, Allahabad.

 

PAPER-IV: DRAFTING, PLEADINGS AND CONVEYANCING
                         

Class-room instruction and simulation exercises on the following items shall be extended.

Unit-I

Drafting: General Principles of Drafting and relevant Substantive Rules shall be taught.

Unit-II

Pleadings:(i) Civil—Plaint, Written Statement, Interlocutory Application, Original Petition, Affidavit, Execution Petition, Memorandum of Appeal and Revision.

(ii) Petition under Article 226 and 32 of the Constitution of India - Drafting of Writ Petition and PIL Petition.

(iii) Criminal— Complaint, Criminal Miscellaneous Petition, Bail Application,   Memorandum of Appeal and Revision.

Unit-III

Conveyancing:Sale Deed, Mortgage Deed, Lease Deed, Gift Deed, Promissory Note, Power of Attorney, Will, Trust Deed

 

Practical Exercises

Apart from teaching the relevant law, the course includes not less than 15 (fifteen) practical exercises in drafting of pleadings carrying a total of 45 marks (3 marks for each) and 15 (fifteen) exercises in conveyancing carrying another 45 marks (3 marks for each exercise) and remaining 10 marks for viva-voce.

     These 30 exercises shall be recorded. Each student shall be served with different problems for the purpose of exercise. These exercises shall be assessed and marks may be allotted.

     These exercises shall be evaluated by a common committee consisting of (i) Principal of the College/the concerned teacher (ii) University Representative appointed by the Controller of Examinations in consultation with the Chairman, Board of Studies in Law, O.U.; and (iii) an Advocate with 10 years experience at the Bar. The same committee will also conduct viva-voce on the above concepts. The proceedings of the viva-voce shall be recorded.

Note:

1. Attendance of the students for viva-voce shall be compulsory.

2. The above records certified by the University Representative appointed by the Controller of Examinations in consultation with the Chairman, BOS in Law shall be submitted to the University for Further Verification

 

 

 

Suggested Readings:

     1.   R.N. Chaturvedi : Pleadings and Conveyancing, Central Law Publications.

     2.   De Souza : Conveyancing, Eastern Law House.

     3.   Tiwari : Drafting, Pleading and Conveyancing, Central Law Agency.

     4.   Mogha: Indian Conveyancer, Eastern Law House.

     5.   Mogha: Law of Pleadings in India, Eastern Law House.

     6. Shiv Gopal: Conveyancing, Precedents and Forms, Eastern Book Company

     7.   Narayana P.S.: Civil Pleadings and Practice, Asia Law House.

     8.   Narayana P.S.: Criminal Pleadings and Practice, Asia Law House.

     9.   Noshirvan H.Jhabvala: Drafting, Pleadings, Conveyancing & Professional Ethics. Jamhadar & Companes.

   10.   R.D.Srivastava: The Law of Pleadings, drafting and Conveyancing, Central Law Agency.

 

PAPER-V: MOOT COURTS, OBSERVATION OF TRIAL, PRE-TRIAL    

                    PREPARATIONS AND INTERNSHIP       

This paper has three components of 30 marks each and viva-voce for 10 marks.

(A) Moot Court (30 marks): Every student is required to participate in at least three moot courts in the X Semester with 10 marks for each. The moot court work will be on an assigned problem and it will be evaluated for 5 marks for written submissions and 5 marks for oral advocacy.

          Marks will be given on the basis of written submission and oral advocacy. Written submissions shall include brief summary of facts, issues involved, provisions of laws and arguments, citation, prayer, etc. Marks for oral advocacy may be awarded for communication skills, presentations, language, provisions of law; authorities quoted, court manners, etc. Written Memorials submitted by the students shall be kept by the College for Further Verification.

          The performance of student in the moot court shall be evaluated by a committee consisting of (i) Principal of the College (ii) an Advocate with 10 years experience at the Bar; and (iii) the teacher concerned.

(B)  Observance of Trial in two cases, one Civil and one Criminal (30 marks):

       Students are required to attend courts to observe at least one civil and one criminal case. They shall maintain a record and enter the various steps observed during their attendance on different days in the court assignment. The Court Observation Record submitted by the students should be evaluated by a committee consisting of (i) Principal of the College/the concerned teacher (ii) University Representative appointed by the Controller of Examinations in consultation with the Chairman, Board of Studies in Law, O.U.; and (iii) an Advocate with 10 years experience at the Bar and average be taken. Court attendance shall be compulsory and attendance has to be recorded in a register kept therefor. This may be carried under the supervision of a teacher of the college. This scheme will carry 30 marks.

 

(C) Interviewing Techniques and Pre-Trial Preparations and Internship Diary 

           (30 marks):

     Each student should observe two 'interview sessions' of clients either in the Lawyer’s Office or in the Legal Aid Office and record the proceedings in a diary, which will carry 15 marks.

     Each student has to further observe the preparation of documents and court papers by the Advocate and the procedure for the filing of the suit / petition. This shall be recorded in the diary which will carry 15 marks.

     The diary shall clearly indicate the dates on which the above observations are made and they shall be authenticated by the advocate concerned.

     Evaluation of the above diary shall be made by the committee consisting of (i) Principal of the College/the concerned teacher (ii) University Representative appointed by the Controller of Examinations in consultation with the Chairman, Board of Studies in Law, O.U.; and (iii) an Advocate with 10 years experience at the Bar and average be taken.

 

 (D)Viva-voce (10 marks): There shall be viva-voce examination on all the above three components. The Viva-voce Board consisting of (i) Principal of the College/the concerned teacher (ii) University Representative appointed by the Controller of Examinations in consultation with the Chairman, BOS in Law; and  (iii)an advocate  with 10 years experience at the Bar shall evaluate the student in the Viva. The proceedings of the viva-voce shall be recorded.

Note:

1. Attendance of the students in all the four components of the paper shall be compulsory.

2.The above records, diary certified by the University Representative appointed by the Controller of Examinations in consultation with the Chairman, BOS in Law shall be submitted to the University for Further Verification.

 

Suggested Readings:

     1.   Dr. Kailash Rai: Moot Court Pre-Trial Preparation and Participation in Trial Proceedings, Central Law Publication.

     2.   Amita Danda: Moot Court for Interactive Legal Education, Gogia Law Agency, Hyderabad.

     3.   Blackstone's: Books of Moots, Oxford University Press.

     4.   Mishra: Moot Court Pre-Trial Preparation and Participation in Trial Proceedings, Central Law, Allahabad.